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Genealogy: Family Histories

Selected Biographical Sketches of Town of Lisbon Residents - 1894

Excerpts from: Portrait and biographical record of Waukesha County, Wisconsin, containing biographical sketches of old settlers and representative citizens of the county. Published 1894 by Excelsior publishing co. in Chicago.

 

MRS. GEORGE ELLIOTT, one of Waukesha County's most highly respected ladies, was born in Oneida County, N. Y., November 24, 1831, and is a daughter of William Weaver, Sr., a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. She was a maiden of eight summers when, with her parents, she came to Wisconsin. She acquired her education in the public schools and was trained to household duties. With the family she went through the experiences of pioneer life, its hardships, trials and pleasures. On the 19th of October, 1855, was celebrated the marriage of George Elliott and Susannah M. Weaver. He was a native of Kent County, Eng- land, born September 3, 1825. At a very early day he came to the Badger State, being numbered among the pioneer settlers of Lisbon Township of 1837. He had no capital at that time, but he was industrious and energetic, and made the most of his opportunities. He drove the oxen which turned the first furrow for the canal at Milwaukee, and at one time he knew every settler in the whole town- ship. His hrst home was a log cabin, the floor of which was made of rough, loose boards. He ground coin in an old coffee mill to make "johnny cake," and did his harvesting with a cradle and flail, and used other primitive implements in his farm work. He frequently killed deer and thus supplied the table with meat. Indians still visited the neighborhood, and the unimproved condition of the county did not seem to indicate that in course of time it would rank among the leading counties of the state. To Mr. and Mrs. Elliott were born twelve children, seven sons and Ave daughters, of whom eight are yet living. Ida J. is the wife of John R. Small, a prosperous farmer of Lisbon Township. Emma L. is the wife of Edward Peffer, a lumber merchant of Pewaukee, Wis. George W. resides with his mother on the old homestead, and super- intends the farm. He is a stanch Republican and a young man possessed of many excellencies of character. Frederick S. married Miss Lillie May, a native of Milwaukee, where he follows mechanical pursuits. Retta S., also of Milwaukee, is preparing herself for work as a trained nurse. Eleanor C. is one of the successful teachers of Lisbon, and is now serving her fourth term in one school. She was educated in the Sussex school and in the Union school of Waukesha. She is an active member of St. Alban's Episcopal Church of Sussex, and is a faithful worker in the Good Templars Lodge of that place, now serving as its Secretary. Roderick S., who is now a student in the White Water Normal School, began teaching at the age of eighteen, at Lannon Spring, and had an enrollment of ninety-five pupils, with an average attendance of about seventy. Al- though so young, his work proved very satisfactory- Edward S. completes the family. In his political views Mr. Elliott was a Democrat until the breaking out of the war, after which he became a stanch Republican. He was honored with a number of local otiices, and ever discharged his duties with promptness and fidelity. He helped to survey the ground for Carroll College. When the gold fever broke out in California he went thither in 1849, and remained there four years. He was numbered among the influential members of St. Alban's Episcopal Church and was serving as vestryman at the time of his death. He passed away February 26, 18112, and his loss was widely and deeply mourned, for he was an

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WILLIAM WEAVER, Si:. It was in the year 183S) that this sterling old gentle- man became a resident of Waukesha County; In- has therefore been a witness of the transformation that has made of the wilderness in Wisconsin one of the garden spots which can- not be excelled for beauty in many states. Mr. Weaver's birth occurred November 24, 1802, in County Kent, England, he being the only survivor in a family consisting of four sons and a daughter. The parents were William and Mary (Hardeman) Weaver, both of whom were natives of the same county as their son. The father was foreman of a sheep farm in England, but came to America when our subject emigrated, and in this county spent his last days. The mother passed her entire life in England, having been called to the spirit world prior to her family 's crossing the sea. She, like her husband, was a devoted member of the Episcopal Church. Mr. Weaver was reared to farm life and learned the trade of stone and brick mason. His educational advantages were of the most limited character, as in those early days the chances for se- curing a liberal education were very rare. On reaching man's estate he was united in marriage with Miss Mary Smith, a native of the county of Sussex, England, born August 17, 1800. Thinking that the United States offered better facilities for accumulating wealth than could be had in England. Mr. Weaver decided to emigrate thither. and on the lOtli of March, 1830, embarked in a coal brig from the port of Rye, arriving in New York on the 17th of April. Of the (fifteen persons who came across together on that vessel six are yet living, namely: William Weaver, .Sr.; Hon. Richard Weaver; William Weaver, 2d; Mrs. .lames Craven; William Weaver, Jr., and Mrs. Eleanor Roots. From the eastern metropolis Mr. Weaver proceeded to Augusta, Oneida County, N. Y., where he and his father purchased forty acres of land, paying *1.') per acre for the same. At that early date land could be bought in New York at various prices, the very best not commanding more than $'M) or $3.i per acre. In 18.'^8 Mr. Weaver disposed of his interests in the Empire State and came to the territory of Wisconsin on a inspecting tour. Being well pleased with the country he returned to New York to make preparations for his removal thither, and in the following year, 18.3!), made a permanent location in Waukesha County. On coming here he took a claim of one hundred and sixty acres of wild land, situated on what is now section 26 of Lisbon Township. He had about $100 in money with which to commence in Wisconsin. He erected a rude cabin and at once devoted himself to the arduous task of developing and cultivating a farm in the new country. At that time there were not more than eight houses in the town of Lisbon, and no churches or school-houses in the entire settlement. For religious services the pioneers met at the different homes on Sunday. Indians were plentiful, and as Mr. Weaver remarked, were the white man's best friends, from the fact that they would sell him plenty of venison and corn meal for a mere pittance. He cut his first grain with a four-fingered cradle, then threshed it out of the straw with a Hail, first cleaning a space upon which to work. Mr. Weaver well remembers when Waukesha County w.as organized and setoff from that of Milwaukee, also many other events connected with the earl}' development of his county and town. He has helped to build several .school- houses in his town and aided in the construction of the beautiful Episcopal Church in Sussex, hauling all the water used by the workmen besides rendering other assistance. Mr. Weaver and wife became the parents of three sons .and four daughters, and with the exception of one death, that of the mother, the family circle yet remains unbroken. Named in order of birth the children are as follows: William, .Ir., is a prosperous farmer of Lisbon Township; Elea- nor is the wife of Ephraim Boots, of Janesville; John R. manages his father's estate; Susannah is the widow of (George Elliott and resides in the village 226 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. of Sussex; Ruth is at lioiiie willi her father; Frederick is a photographer of White Water, Wis.; Sarah, wiio completes the family, wedded David Bonham, of Empire Prairie, Mo. The second son, John R., chose for a wife Mary Boots, who died in September, 1865, leaving three children: Minnie, de- ceased, Lloyd and Mollie. He superintends the old homestead for his father, and like him is an advocate of the Democratic party. Mr. Weaver was called upon lo mourn the death of his wife April 30, 1891. They had shared the duties and pleasures of a long married life, and during that time had passed through various experiences. She was laid to rest in the cemetery at Sussex, where a suitable monument marks her last resting place. A .stanch believer in the principles advocated by the Democratic party, he has always exercised his franchise in support of its men and measures. He has never been allured by the honor to be gained from holding official positions, though he was appointed Postmaster at Sussex, and served as Assessor of his town. Mr. Weaver still resides on the original claim of one hundred and sixty acres, the patent of which was taken out fifty-four years ago, besides which he owns one hundred and twenty acres of line land in the town of Lisbon. His life has been full of toil; coming to this country a poor man he has by well directed effort and careful management become one of her most substantial citizens. Mr. Weaver has the satisfaction of seeing his children occupying prominent places in the business and social world, and surrounded by children and grandchildren he is quietly spend- ing the evening of life. Though in his ninety- second year his mind is remarkably clear. He well remembers the events incident to life in the territory of Wisconsin and delights to converse of them. "Uncle William," as he is familiarly called, is eighteen days older than the present Bishop of Chichester, the diocese from which he came. On the occasion of their ninetieth birthdays. Rev. L. P. Holmes wrote to Bishop Dunford for Mr. Weaver, from whom he received a most cordial re- ply. During the former's late visit to England he called upon the Bishop at his palace, and found him very much interested in the fact that St. Alban's Parish was founded by members from his diocese, and to Uncle William sent a friendly greeting. Honorable and upright throughout the course of his life, Mr. Weaver is held in high esteem by those with whom he has labored all these years. To his children he will leave the richest heritage, the example of right living.

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THOMPSON RICHMOND. For over a half- century has this sterling old gentleman, who comes of good old New England stock, been a citizen of Waukesha County', Wis. Mr. Richmond is a native of Windham County, Conn., born November 211, 1817, and w.is Ibe third in a family comprising four sons and lour daughters, whose |)arenls were Michael and Polly (Byles) Richmond. Of this number six survive, and in order of their births are named as follows: Thompson is the eldest; Juliette is the wi<lovv of Kdwin Childs, who was a relative of the philanthropist, George W. Childs. She resides in Ashford. Conn. Emily, who is the widow of Dr. Charles C. Parry, resides in Davenport, Iowa, her husband was a practicing physician, and in connection with his medical studies and work, was a botanical student of wide reputation, .lames, a retired capitalist, resides in Philadelphia. Elizur, the youngest of the brothers, is a resident of Ashford, Conn., having retired from mercantile life. Sarah, the widow of Dr. (dmstock, is a resident of Brooklyn, N. V.. she being the youngest of the family. The father of our subject, Michael Richmond, was a native of Connecticut. lie received a good common-school education and w.is reared to mercantile life, although he also engaged in agri cultural pursuits. A man of firm opinions and sound judgment, he was very successful in Ijusi- ness. lie never emigrated to the west, but spent his entire life in his native state, where he <lied at the advanced age of ninety-live years. Politically, he was a stanch Democrat, and took 3 an active and prominent part in the affairs of his party. He was elected to represent his district in the State Legislature a nundjer of times, and in that capacity discharges the duties devolving upon him in a manner most satisfactory}' to his constituents. In his native town he was one of the Select- men for many years. In religion he and his wife were members of the Pree-Will P>aptisl Church, he being a leader anil one of the most active men in the body. He gave liberally to the support of various benevolences, and was the chief oj'crator in erecting the Free-Will IJaptist Church of the Weslford SfKiety in the town of Ashford, Conn. Generous and free-hearted, he was ever ready to lend .1 hand to those who were in need of help, or less fortunate than himself. His wife, P0II3' (Byles) Richmond, was a native of the state of Connecticut, and was there reaied and educated. The gr.'indfather of our subject was one of the Revolutionary heroes. Thompson Richmond spent the da\s of his boy- hood and \outh in his native stale. He received a liberal education; besidis attending the com- mon schools, he was a student at the academy at Wilbraham. Mass., where he litted himself to en- gage ill a business career. His early life was full of variety, as he was employed as a salesman, also on a farm, and his father having the control of a stage line from Hartford to Hoston, young Thompson often turned his hand to that. On reaching manhood, he and his brother-in-law, Amasa Carpenter, entered into partnership, carry- ing on a country store, their stock consisting of general merchandise. The business was continued for about two yi'ars, when, Mr. Richmond's health failing him, lie was obliged to withdraw from tlie p;irtneislii|). Soon after leaving the store he de- ciiied to make a tour of the west, and in company with Elisha Pearl, an old neighbor, started for Wisconsin, (going to Hartford, they took a steamer for New York, thence by the Hudson River to Albany, and to Buffalo on the Erie Canal. From Buffalo they came by way of the (Great Lakes to Milwaukee, which was then a small port on the shore of Lake Michigan. From Milwaukee they made the trip across the country to Prairie du Chien by team, where they took a steamer bound 238 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. for St. Louis, thence to Cincinnati on the Ohio River. The journey was continued to Cleveland, thence on Lake Erie, reaching home in the fall. In 1812 Mr. Richmond concluded to make his future home in Wisconsin, and in company with Mr. Pearl again came west. From Milwaukee the young men started out on foot to select a tract of land, and on reaching the present town of Lisbon our subject laid claim to four hundred acres of wihl Land. Immediately adjoining this tract one hundred and thirty acres had been taken up by another, but becoming in debt to Mr. Richmond, he disposed of his claim to the latter; thus Mr. Richmond's estate reached five hundred and thirty acres, lie did the first stroke on his house, a primitive log cabin, situated in the forest, and from this lowly home not a habitation could be seen. Indians often came to the cabin, always to beg, as they were inveterate beggars; deer were plentiful, and at one time Mr. Richmond saw lifty-two in one drove. The first team with which he worked was composed of five yoke of oxen, and he became quite an expert in handling the ox-goad. May 14, 1846, Mr. Richmond wedded Miss Nancy M. Penniman, a native of Woodstock, Conn., and a daughter of Aldis Penniman. She was born September 11, 1820. One child, Thompson P., was born of this union. He was educated at Appleton. Wis., and in the medical college at Louisville, Ivy., where he fitted himself for the profession of a pharmacist. lie chose for a wife Miss N. J. Dickinson, who was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., in January, 1852, being a daughter of Philomen and Mary Franklin (Schallenger) Dickinson. Her education was acquired under private instruction and in the public schools of Brookl3u. Having received a superior musical education, she was engaged for some time in teaching that art prior to her marriage with Mr. Richmond, April 21, 1883. Her grandfather, Cornelius Schallenger, figured conspicuously in the Revolutionary War, being the prime mover in capturing the first English frigate in Chesapeake Baj'. Mrs. Richmond's parents were natives of New Jersey, and her father served as a Lieutenant in the Civil War. To Thompson P. Richmond and his wife was born a daughter, Mary Franklin, now deceased. Mr. Richmond, Sr., brought his young bride to his cabin home, but they were not long permitted to enjoy wedded life, as he was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, whose death occurred March 26, 1847. He was again married, the lady of his choice being Mrs. Hannah P. (Dean) Palmer, who was born in Ashford, Conn., January 1, 1815. She is descended from an early New England family, being the daughter of Leonard and Hannah (Phillips) Dean. She grew to womanhood in her native state, was educated at the Academy of Wilbraham, Mass., and on the 3d of November, 1836, became the wife of Chauncey Palmer, also a native of Connecticut. There was one child born to this marriage. Friend B., who died at the age of two years. Mr. Palmer received a common-school education, and was reared to farm life. His death occurred in his native state, at the age of forty- four years. Mr. and Mrs. Richmond were married on the 28th of April, 1850, and have consequently traveled the journey of life together for forty-four years, sharing alike the joys and sorrows that have come to them. She became a resident of Waukesha County in 18.50. Mr. Richmond assisted in building the first church in the town of Lisbon, which was known as the Methodist and Congregational, both organizations using the same building for worship. He also aided in the construction of the Baptist and Methodist Churches in Merton Township. The first harvesting on his farm was performed with the tliree-fingered cradle, after which the grain was threshed out by hand with a Hail, and the nearest market for the crop was Milwaukee. Mr. and Mrs. Richmond may be classed among the earlier pioneers of the county, and they have therefore witnessed the wonderful change in the country which has made out of a wilderness one of the finest agricultural sections in the state. All honor is due to the fathers and mothers who braved the hardships and trials in- cident to pioneer days that they might make a home for themselves and posterity. Politically, Mr. Richmond is a strong Republican, his first Republican Presidential vote being 239 cast for Abraham Lincoln, and in all matters concerning his party lie has stood firmly by his convictions. The public schools have found in iiini a firm friend, and in an official capacity he has been connected with Ihcni as Director and as Treasurer for many years. Mr. Richmond was one of the members of the County Board who asked to have this county set off from Milwaukee County. Though taking a lively interest in the growth and prosperity of his town and county, he has been in no sense an ffice-sceker; his fellow-townsmen have offered him the position of Assemblyman, but \w has modestly refused, rather devoting his time and energies to his personal affairs and home. Mr. and Mrs. Richmond r.re members of the Baptist Church at Merton, and have been for many years. They have performed their part in giving support to the different benevolences of the church. When .Mr. Richmond began life in Waukesha County, he did not have an abundant supply of means, but through the united efforts of himself and wife has become well-to-do, and in their declining years they may enjoy the result of past labor and care. Their estate, which is one of the finest in the town of Lisbon, comprises five hundred and fourteen and one-half acres, and in their beautiful country home their friends find a most cordial welcome. They are sterling f)ld people, whose life record is above reproach, and they have the esteem and regard of all who know them. Mr. and Mrs. Richmond have no children, but being of a kindly disposition and inclined to aid others, they took two little girls, Sarah and Edna Counsell, .iged respectively eleven and six years, whom they reared and educated. The eldest, who is now the wife of II. M. Kraine, Cashier of the Waukesha National Bank, was sent to Wayland Academy, and afterward taught successfully in the schools of Waukesha County. She received special instruction in music, and was organist in the Haptiht Church for years. Edna, the youngest, became the wife of James Ringro.se, a merchant and agriculturist of Alma Centre, Wis. .Mrs. Ring- rose was educated at Appleton, Wis. These girls are an honfir to their kind friends; they improved the opportunities given them and are both useful members of society. For the love and care bestowed upon them they will always remember Father and Mother Richmond with the greatest kindness.

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ANDREW L. DAVIDSON, a well known / — \ farmer of Lisbon Township, residing on section 23, is a native of Linlithgow, Scotland, born September 8, 1822. his father, James Davidson, was there born August 14, 1787, and became a stone mason by trade. Having reached mature years he married Marion Lauder, whose birtli occurred the same year. They became the parents of nine sons and four daughters, of wiiom six are yet living. Andrew L. is the second in the family and the eldest now surviving; William, a iirominenl contractor of Chicago, was for fifteen years connected with the city water works; Walter was formerly a stt)neand marble cutter and a hardware merchant of Tacoma, Wash., l)ut now resides in Chicago; Agnes is the wife of William Butler, who carries on agricultural pursuits in Lisbon Township; Elizabeth is the widow of William Wliittaker, of West Superior, Wis.; Marion re- sides in Milwaukee. The father of this family passed away July 1, 18r<3, and his wife departed this life in 1877. They sailed from (Slasgow to America in May, IS.^O, on the good ship ''(Jimmel," and after seven weeks landed at New York. They came direct to Wisconsin by way of Albany, the Erie Canal, and Great Lakes, and from Milwaukee made the journey to Waukesha County with ox- teams. The father purchased a farm of one hundred and sixty acres, and in true pioneer style the family lived for some years. Andrew Davidson grew to manhood in his na- tive land, and theic married Margaret Gra^'. of Linlithgow County-, the wedding being celebrated in October, 1812. The lady was born .luly 16, 182.5, in Scotland, where her parents spent their entire lives. The first home of Mr. an<l Mrs. Davidson in this county was a log cabin, which is still standing, one of the few landmarks yet remaining Their pres- ent home was erected in 1874, and is a monument to the thrift and enterprise of the owner, who came to Wisconsin in limited circumstances, but by energy and well directed efforts has steadily worked his w.iy upwards. He has witnessed the en- tire growth and development of this region, and is familiar with its histoiy of pioneer life, for he too lived as a frontier settler. He can remember when the men went to church in patched homespun and the ladies in calico gowns and sun bonnets. Remnants of the Indian tribes still lived in the neighborhood, and deer and all kinds of feathered game were to be had in abundance. To i\Ir. and Mrs. Davidson were born twelve children: .lames, a stone mason of Lisl)on Town- ship; Andrew, a shoemaker of Sussex; Jane, wife of John Tempero, an agriculturist; John, a cai [)eii- ter and builder of Milwaukee; Marian, wife of Walter Gourlie,a farmer of Alderly, Dodge Coun- ty; Thomas (i., of Sussex; Maggie, wife of Charles Rose, a farmer of Lisbon Township; Walter, a blacksmith t>f Spencer, Iowa; Alexander T., a farmer of Templeton, Wis.; William, a farmer of Lisbon Township; Agnes, wife of David Temi^ero, and Emma. The first four children were born in Scotland. Mr. and Mrs. Davidson are members of the United Presbyterian Church, and are charitable and benevolent |)eoplc. In earl3' life our subject was a Free-soiler, but in 1866 supported John C. Fremont, and has since been a stalwart Republican. 74^ ^7^ f^^^f^-^D-wvy  He served as Justice of the Peace for three yeare, was Chainnan of the Town Board for one year, and has been a membci- of tlie School Hoard for a number of years. His farm comprises seventy- eight acres and is a liighly cultivated tract, im- proved with all modern accessories and conveni- ences. His success in life is due entirely to his own efforts. His straightforward dealing has won him universal confidence and esteem and numbered him among the best citizens of tlie community.

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THOMAS WELSH. To the sterling old pioneer settlers of this count}' due homage should be paid; to them the present generation is indebted for the many comforts and lux- uries it enjoys. Prominent among the early ar- rivals is the gentleman whose name appears at the head of this biography, who since 1846 has been identified with the growth and develo])mcnt of Waukesha County. Mr. Welsh is a native of Pcrthshiie, Scotland, born on the 1st of Septem- ber, 1825, and is the youngest of three children whose parents were .lames and Elizabeth (Pilket- hely) Welsh. The other members of this family are Elizabeth and .lames, the former being the wife of James Booth, a farmer of the town of Lisbon, while the latter resides in Canada, where he is engaged in agricultural pursuits'. The father, James Welsh, also a native of Perth- shire, received only a common school education. He was reared to the trade of stone mason, which occupation he followed during the summer season, but during the winter worked at the weaver's trade. On the 12th of M.ay, IHIl, Mr. Welsh, Sr., with his family, bade adieu to "Bonnie Scotland" and sailed from Dundee for New York, arriving in the harbor of the latter port on the 3d of July. On this trip the family was accompanied by the fol- lowing persons: James Rodgers, Aunt Margaret (Rodgers) Craven (who though eighty yeai-s of age is still hale and hearty), William Small, John and Gilbert Watson, Mrs. Elizabeth (Small) Waite, . Mrs. Isa.ic (Sm.nll) Smilli, Mrs. Isabclle (Small) Councell, and Alexander North. Coming across the water, John and Gilliei t Watson and our sub- ject siiared one l)unk. The Welsh family located in Delaware County, N. V., going from the cit3- of New York to Catskill, tiience across the Cat- skill Mountains to the town of Deliii, where the father rentc<l land and engaged m farming. lie broughl alioul .^il.OOd from the Old Country with which to begin a home in the New World. They remained in the slate of New York until 1846, then again turned their f.aces westward, their des- tination being the territory of Wisconsin. The journey tiiitlier was made from Delhi to Norwich on the Chenango Canal, thence U> I'tica and Buf- falo on the Eiie, and from that city by the lakes to Milwaukee. When they came to Wisconsin, Milwaukee, which is now by far the most impor- tant city of the stale, was then but a village, and had scarcely liegun to assume any importance. AVhere the most beautiful and costly business blocks and the great railroad dci)<)ts now stand was a vast tamarack swamp; the |)rincipal streets were Ihuon, East and West Water, while small frame houses predominated. Coitig at once to i^isbon T(jwnship, Mr. Welsh, Sr., bought a claim of two inuKlred acres from an Irishman, the piu'chase price for the farm and the few im|)i-ovements that had been made being -^960. Their lirsl home was a log cabin having the customar}' ''shake roof," and our subject, who slept upstairs, says that in the winter season he would often waken in the morning and lind an extra cover of one or two in- ches of snow spread over his bed and on the Boor. Their lirst teams were oxen, and for a number of years they cut their grain with the old fashioned four fingered cradle, then thrashed it with the llail. The roads traveled throughout the country were the Indian trails, which extended in all direc- tions; the nearest inark(-t was Milwaukee, while the village of Waukesha was then known as Prairie- ville. Indians often passed the Welsh homestead, and deer and other wild game abounded in the forests. Mr. and Mrs. Welsh were devout members of the United Presbyterian Church in the town of Lisbon, he being one of the first elders. lioth are now deceased and lie at rest in the Lisbon "Six- teen" Cemelei'3'. Thomas Welsh was a young man of twenty-one when he came to Wisconsin. His primary educa- tion was obtained in his native land, but being a lover of books he has improved his spare moments thereby becoming a well informed man. Me and two others have the distinction of being the only Scolchmen in this section of the country who can yet read tiieir native language. Mr. Welsh in- formed the writer of this article that the people of Scotland use a dialect peculiar to the shire in which they reside, and that they differ so very much that it is dillicult even for a countryman to understand. He remained at home working on his father's farm until twenty-nine years of age, then began for himself. On the 3d of November, 1853, Mr. Welsh wedded Miss .lanet Watson, daughter of Andrew and Catherine (Rodgers) AYatson, and a native of Perthshire, Scotland, born March 20, 1825. Mrs. Welsh was reared and edu- cated in her home across the seas, and in the sum- mer of 1848 accompanied her mother to America. They set sail from Glasgow on the 5th of .luly, aboard the vessel "Pilgrim," and after a vo^-.age of five weeks' and three days' duration cast anchor in the American port. Proceeding by rail from New York to Buffalo, thence by way of the lakes to .Milwaukee, they came direct to the town of Lisbon, and to the location of .John Watson's present home, though their lirst winter was passed with Robert Rogers, .lohn Watson, another of the old Scotch pioneers so widely known in this coun- ty, is a brother of Mrs. Welsh, but came to the United .States several j-ears prior to the coming of his mother. Mr. Welsh and his biide commenced their do- mestic life in a log house, which still stands on the Welsh homestead on section 15. Here they re- sided from 1853 to 1874, a period of more than twenty years. In this home all of their children, three sons and four daughters, were born. Of this family but four survive, as follows: Elizabeth, born Eebruai'}' 17, 1855, became the wife of Al- bert Phillips, a prosperous farmer of Lisbon Town- ship; Robert K., born November 18, 1861, is a tal- ented young law^'er of Rockford, III. He is a PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 251 graduate of the Union Schools of Waukesha, and also of Beloit College. After completing his col- lege course lie went to Rockford mul conimciiced the study of law uiifler C'lmilcs Works, then State's Attorney. Upon his admission to the liar lie be- gan the (iractiee of his profession in that city, and has there continued, being the present City At- tornej'. He married Miss Minerva Prout}-, also a Ik'loit graduate, who for a number of years taught in the High School of Heloil. They have three children: Carlton F., Frank A. and Roger T. .lames A., the next in order of Mr. Welsh's family, born on the 17lli of April, 18G,'), was reared to the life of a farmer. His education was ac- quired in the common schools and by reading. Possessing naturally a meciianical mind, the whole bent of his thought seems to be in that direc- tion. At quite an early age he gave ]iromise of more than ordinary inventive genius, and when twelve years old whittled as a Christmas present for his mother, an arm chair out of cord-wood taken from the yard. He made liis own turning lathe, and takes gre:it delight in the practical ap- (ilicnlion of mechanics. In politics he is a Repub- lican, having cast his first Presidential ballot for Benjamin Harrison. Though a young man lie was chosen to fill tlie ollice of Clerk for three years, which shows liolli his popularity and the relation he sustains to the public schools. He now super- intends the homestead for his father. Ruth I., born .lanuary 2.'?, 1870, is the youngest in the family. She was educated in the common schools and for seven terms taught successfully in the schools of Waukesha County. Her primary edu- cation has been broadened by personal application and observation, she being in a large measure a self-educated young lady. Mr. and Mrs. Welsh have lived to see their children tilling responsible positions in both the social and business world, and ma^^ well be proud of their sons and daughters, who have profited b^' the example of right living that they have given. In political sentiment Mr. Welsh was at fii-st an old line Whig, but on the organization of the Re- publican party gave his support to the men and measures it advocate<l. He has never in any sense of the word been an ollice seeker, but instead has devoted himself to his own immediate interests. His wife is a member of the Presbyterian Church, she having been identilied with that organization since a maiden of sixteen. To the support of the various church benevolences they have given lib- erally, and are in hearty sympathy with whatever promises to be of benetll to mankind. Their present beautiful homestead comprises eighty acres of line land on section 28, which is not e(niale(l in the town of Lisbon, nor is there any in the county more (elevated. Tliey have a eoni- fort.-ibie country residence, and the neatly kept lawns present a most pUiasing appearance from the liighw.ay. Springs abound on the farm, which makes it one of the most valuable stock farms in Waukesha County. In this home all are given a cordial or courteous welcome; to the friend, that greeting that befits his relation, and to the stranger such treatment as would be expected by them under like circumstances.

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JAMES C. GREENGO, an esteemed citizen of Menomonee Township, who owns and ope-rates one hundred and fifty acres of rich laud on sections (J and 7, was born in Kent County, England, August 2!(, lH;iH. and is a son of Jesse and Mary Ann (Potter) Greengo. In their family of twelve children, seven sons and live daughters, he was the seventh in order of birth. Eight are yet living: Harriet, wife of Charles Wildisli, a prosperous farmer of Menomonee Township; George, a retired farmer of Sussex; Nelson an agriculturist of Lisbon Township; James C; Eliza, wife of Joseph White, a machinist of Pewaukee Township; Mary, wife of Charles Brown, a farmer of Lisbon Township; Charlotte, wife of Humphrey Kanklns, an agriculturist of the same township, and Richmond, who is engaged in making asphalt sidewalks. He makes his home in Waukesha, and is the efficient President of the Waukesha Gun Club. The father of this family was a native of Hawk- us, Kent County, England, born October 26, 1805, and a son of George and Mary (Kemp) Greengo. On the :U\ of April, 1813, he sailed from London on the "liuirow," a three-mast English vessel, and after eight\-four days spent upon the bosom of the deep, landed in (Quebec, Canada. Accompanied by his family he reached Milwaukee, .Saturday, June 21, IKl.'i, and came at once to Waukesha County. He ate his first meal. which was fish caught in .Snail Lake, in this county, at the home of Henry Wood, of Lisbon Township, and on section 12 of this township purchased eighty acres of laud. This honored pioneer, who has been an important factor in the development of the county, is still living, in his eighty-ninth year. His wife, who was born February 1, 1805, died December 15, I87!t, and lies buried in Union Township Cemetery, where a monument marks her last resting place. Of the Methodist Episcopal Church she was a faithful member. The place of her nativity was Fritlenden, Kent County, England, and she was a daughter of James and Mary Ann (Potter) Morris. Mr. and Mrs. Greengo were married in Cramburk Church, England, May 15, 1826. The former was one of the most successful hop growers and dryers in this county, and was well versed on every detail pertaining to the culture of hops. He Weill through the experiences of pioneer life, and on one occasion was chased by wolves. Deer abounded in this .section and were frequently seen in droves of twent3- or thirty. Amid such surroundings Jesse Greengo aided in the development of the count3\ The gentleman whose name heads this record was a child of five years when the parents crossed the Atlantic. He was reared on the old home farm and worked for his father until nineteen years of age, when he secured employment in a sawmill in Pewaukee, owned by Mr. Nicholson. During the following year he was engineer in the Nelson sawmill in Menomonee Township. In the spring of 1858 he went to Marquette County, where he se- cured employment as a farm baud with his brother in-law, Charles Wildish, with whom he afterwards returned to Menomonee Township. When Ft. Sumter was fired upon, Mr. Greengo responded to President Lincoln's call for troops, enlisting in Milwaukee October H. 1861, in the First Wisconsin Infantry. He participated in many skirmishes on his way to Chattanooga, after- wards returned to Louisville, Ky., and later bore his part in the battles of Perryvillc, Stone River and Chickamauga, where he remained all night with the wounded, and then returned to his company to participate in the engagements at Mission Ridge, Rocky Face Ridge, Rosaca, Calhoun, Adairsville, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta and Jonesboro. He was honorably discharged on the I Ith of October, 1804, in Milwaukee, and returned to his home but a few weeks later, and in company with his brother Amos went to Nashville to serve as foreman in the (Quartermaster's office of the Department of the Tennessee. While thus employed, the (iovernnieiil solicited volunteers from the Department Service at Nashville, and Mr. Greengo responded, lie i)arlicii)alod in the battles of Franklin and Nashville. At the Last named place Mr. Greengo was tendered the position of manager of (ien. "Pap" Thomas' private train, but after careful consideration he decided not to accept the offer, and returned to his department duties as foreman of the Government ware- house, thus serving until the spring of 18().5, when he was made steward over the (ioverniiicnt employes. His lime was lliiis passed until the fall of that year, when, the war having ended, he returned to his Wisconsin home. During Mr. Greengo's entire service he was never absent from his post of duty. At Resaca, Ga., he had a narrow escape, as his belt was .shot from his body. In this battle sixteen of the brave boys of Company G lost their lives. From the pocket of a fallen comrade Mr. Greengo took a little Testament, which he prizes highly as a relic of that fierce struggle, and which he has presented to his son, Charlie. Of the original one hundred men constituting Company G who left the state, not a private returned, all having been killed, taken prisoner or promoted. All honor is due to the men who so nobly de- fended their country in its hour of greatest need. On tliel7th of November, 1866, Mr. Greengo married Ann \\ . Baker, daughter of 11. E. L. and Frances P. (Taylor) Baker. She was born in Ottawa, Wis., June 7, 1849. Mr. and Mrs. Greengo are the parents of Ave children. .Jennie May, born February 22, 1869, is a graduate of the Indiana Normal School, of the Class of '91, having completed the course in art. Many fine pictures, the work of her brush, adorn the home. She is also accomplished in instrumental music. She was married October 19, 189;), to Albert R. Baer, a merchant of Menomonee. Jesse ,J., born April .'J, 1873, died September 17, of the same year, and was buried in Union Cemetery. Charlie L., born September 2, 1875, completed the scientific course in the Indiana Normal, and was graduated in the Class of '9.'!. lie also pursued a teacher's course at the institute. Francis II., born April 15, I881, is attending the common schools, and one child died in infancy. Mr. Greengo is a member of the Grand Army Post of Waukesha, and exercises his right of franchise in support of the Republican party, having cast his first vote for "Honest Abe." He and his family arc members of the Methodist Church, and are people of prominence in the community, where for more than half a century they have resided.

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1AMKS liOCyni, a successful farmer of the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, li.as been a resident of the United .States for over a half-century. Me was born in Forfarshire^ Scotland, on the 2d of .July, 1816, and was the fourth in a family of twelve children, comprising seven sons and live daughters, whose parents were Charles and Agnes (Hutton) Booth. However, there are but three of this family now living, 1894, of whom our .subject is the eldest; the others are Charles and Nichol. The former is a resident of Forfarshire, Scotland, and was for many years a soldier and sailor on a British man-of-war. The latter lives in Diinedin, New Zealand, where he follows the trade of a carpenter and joiner. The father was a native of .Scotland, born in the same shire as his son, and by occupation was a manufacturer of cotton goods and crash, but Later in life engaged in agricultural i)ursuils. He and his wife spent their entire lives in their native land. They were members of the Presbyterian Church, the established church of Scotland. I\Ir. Bixith, whose name heads this record, was brought up on a farm in his native country. He received a common school education, to which he has added by reading and business contact with the world. When a young man of twenty-six years, he decided to come to the United States, and in accordance with that decision, in iNIay, 1842, set sail from Dundee, Scotland,. on board the vessel "Dundee," commanded by Captain Patrick, and after a voyage of six weeks' duration, landed in New York on the 4tli of July. When he arrived in that city he had but ^5, and was a stranger in a strange land, but the very fact that ho had bade farewell to home and friends to try his fortune in a far away country, evidenced that energy and persistence of will that have carried him through a successful career. Going to Delaware County, N. Y., he there commenced as a laborer, receiving for his services ¥10 per month. Later he was employed in a tannery at ^KJO per year. On the 4tli of May, 1846, Mr. Booth married Miss Elizabeth Welsh, who w.as born in Perthshire, Scotland. November 18, 1820. Mrs. Booth was educated in her native land, where she resided un- til she was grown, then came with her parents to America, sailing on the "Peruvian" in 1841. Mr. and Mrs. Booth became the parents of six children, two sons and four daughters, of whom the former and three of the latter survive, and are named as follows: Janet, born May 3, 1847, became the wife of Henry Edwards, a farmer of Andrew County, Mo. Mr. and Mrs. Edwards have four daughters, two of whom are successful teachers. Robert R., born January 30, 1850, is one of the prosperous farmers of Lisbon Township. He was reared and educated in his native county, and on reaching maturity married Miss Marion Butler, a daughter of one of the pioneer families of this county. They have one daughter. He is a Republican in poli- tics. The next in order is Agnes, born tlanuary 28, 18.')2, who became the wife of James Gibson, a farmer of Empire Prairie, Andrew County, Mo. They have a family of seven children, five sons and two daughters. Elizabeth, born March 17, 1854, married Ambrose Howell, who is also an agriculturist of Andrew County, Mo. Mr. and Mrs. Howell have four children, three sons and a daughter. The youngest of the family is James, whose birth occurred June 14, 1863. He grew up on his father's farm, and received his education in the public schools of his native county, though he has supplemented the knowledge gained in the school room by personal reading and application. Possessing naturally a mechanical turn of mind he has always taken great interest in niacliiiiery. In politics he is a Republican, having cast his first Presidential vote for Hon. .Tames G. Blaine, though he is a strong temperance man in principle. He now superintends the homestead for his father. In 1846, soon after their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Booth came to Wisconsin. The trip was made by wagon, canal and the lakes, landing at Milwaukee, then but a small village; the ducks were swimming around on the common, where now stand some of the best buildings in the city. There was no rail- road in the present state of Wisconsin until a number of years after their ai-rival. From Milwaukee the}' came to the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, locating on section 10, where Mrs. Booth's father bought a claim of two hundred acres, and there remained three years as a renter. The first claim Mr. Booth made was of eighty acres, and when it came into market he had thirty acres of it deeded to Richard Craven, in order to deed the eighty, not having sufficient means to pay for it at the time. Their first home was a log cabin, with a puncheon floor and a shake roof; there was one little window, containing four panes, held in ])lace by mud plaster; not a nail was used in the construction of the building, but it was put together with wooden pins. The door was fastened by the old fashioned latch and string, with which all the earlier settlers were familiar. Mr. Booth cut his grain with the cradle, and then tlireshed it out by hand with a flail. When they came to Waukesha County, there were not more than three teams of horses here, ox-teams being used for all purposes of draught and conveyance. The roads were the old corduroy, the kind first made in a new country, while their direction w.as governed by the best way to reach llie desired place, many times being only the Indian trails. Mr. Booth has mowed wild hay in the marshes when he had to step from hillock to hillock, and after the hay was cut, had to carry' it out on a stretcher. Deer were plentiful, and one evening as he was return- ing from work, he was attracted by the bleating of a deer, and on going in tlie direction of the sound, found two dogs worrying a deer. Di'awing liis scythe across its throat he carried it liome and placed it in the potato hole, then went about his work. Two Indians followed the trail to his home, went to the pit, brought out the deer, and were skinning it when our subject came to his home. The Indians often came to his house, and were always friendly. Mr. Booth sold his first purchase, and bought one hundred and twenty acres on section 29, in the town of Lisbon, and there lived until about eight years ago, at which time he purchased his present farm of one hundred and ten acres, and upon which he has resided since 1886. In politics Mr. Booth has always been a true Republican; his first Presidential ballot was cast for Gen. John C. Fremont, the first candidate of the party, since which time he has always sup- ported the men and measures of the Republican party. In religion lie is in sympathy with the United Presbyterian Church, f>f which his wife is a member. Mr. Booth w.as one of the organizers, and helped to build the first Presbyterian Church that was erected in Lisbon Township. When he and his wife came to Wisconsin they had nothing, but by untiring effort and industry have become possessed of a competence which they may enjoy in their declining years. To their children they will leave the legacy of a good name and an hon- orable and upright life, which is to be prized above gold and silver.

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JOHN EDWARDS, who follows farming on section 27, Lisbon Township]), is numbered among the early settlers of Waukesha County of IS.")!. He has therefore witnessed much of its growth and development, has seen its wild lands transformed into beautiful homes and farms and has watched the growth of towns and vilhiL^es. He li.as always borne his part in the work of progress and advancement and well deserves mention among the founders of the county. Mr. Edwards was born near the historic city of (.iuebco, Canada, M.ay 7. 1831, and is a son of Henry and Helen (Emerson) Edwards. His father was born on the Isle of Wight September 10. 1800, and emigrating to Canada in an early day, there  carried on agricultural pursuits until bis removal to the Badger State in 1851. He was a man of Bim convictions, a Uemociat in political belief, and he and his wife wci'o members of Ibe Episcopal Church. The lady was born in Ireland in 1805 and was a child of five years when with her parents !-be came to the New \Vf)rhl. The Kdwards home in Waukesha County comprised one hundred and sixty acres of land, and was transformed from a wild tract into one of rich fertility by hi.s father. Ills death occurred May 5, 1881, and his wife died in 188.'?. They were tlie parents of five sons and eleven daughters, of whom our subject is the eldest. The others yet living are, Isaac, a leading farmer and dairyman of I'ewaukec 'I'own- ship; Ilenrv, who is married and lives in Andrew County, Mo.; Martha, widow of Samuel Kliiott, and a resident of Delta County, Mich.; and Il.-ir- riet, wife of Stephen Elliott, who runs a transfer line in Waukesha. John Edwards reinaii ed in Canada until twenty- two years of age. He has made fanning his life work, and allhougli he started out dependent en- tirely upon his own resources he has steadily worked his way upward. He purchased llio inter- est of the other heirs in the old homestead and for forty years has resided Iheieon, liaving now one of the best im|)roved farms in the township. In 1890 he suffered severe losses by fire, having a large barn, granary, sheds, twent^'-eighl hundred bushels of grain and fine machinery consumed in the llaiiU'S. His loss amounted to abmit :>; 1,000, but with cliaracteristic energy he re-I)uilt and now has a barn '.lOxSfi feet, with eighteen-foot posts and a nine-foot ba-sement, sheds 22x52 feet, a wagon shed 22x28 feet, and a granary 22x38 feet in di- mansions. These buildings stand as inonumeiits to his thrift and enterprise. Mr. Edwards was married November 8, 1859, to Mary Mclntyre, of Scotch descent, and they have one son ami five daughters, all yet living, namely: William H. S.; Elizabeth A., wife of (ieorge Craig, a farmer of Dodge County, Wis.; Jennie E., who was educated in the Sussex schools and is now at home; Rhoda, wife of Eugene Craig, an express- man of Denver, Colo.; Alice, at home; Emma, who attended the White Water Normal School for two and a-half years and is a successful teacher, being now employed as primary teacher in Sussex. For his second wife .Mr. Edwards chose Mrs. Mary (Simmons) Bacon, a native of Potsdam, N. Y. They were married January 9, 1875, and had three children, two yet living: John F., of New York; and Bessie, of Sussex. The mother of this family was called to the home beyond in .lanuary, 1890. In politics Mr. Edwards has been a Republican since casting his first Presidential vote for Hon. John C. Fremont, but has never lieen an olHce- seeker. He holds membership with the Odd Fel- lows' Lodge of Pewaukee; is a prominent member of and was vestryman in St. Alban's Episcopal Church of Sussex. He is a gentleman of honor and integrity, and his sterling worth has won him the confidence and esteem of all with whom he has been brought in contact.

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IoILN II. FiiS'l'KK (deceased), was lioiii near Taunton, in Somersetshire, England, on the _ •22d of April, 1821, and in early life was liound out to learn the tiade of linen draper. Having completed lii.> apprenticeshii), he came to the I'nited States when aliout eighteen years of age, but some four years later returned to Eng- land. In December, 181 1, he was united in mar- ri.age with Miss Elizabeth llarwood, a native of Somersel-sliire, who was born on the IGtIi of June, 1819. The year after they were married, Mr. and Mrs. Foster came to this country, taking passage at Liverpool on the .sailing-vessel "Mississippi," bound for New York, where the3' arrived after a voyage of thiity-live da>s' duration. Resuming their journey, they went from New York City to Albany by river, thence liy rail to lUitTalo, and to Milwaukee by way of the lakes. At the latter city there was no pier, all |)asseiigeis and merchandise being brought to shore by small boats or "light- ers," the last named being a kind of raft. The country was so low and swann)y that it was very ditticull to go about even after landing. To the majcrity of new comers the natural conditions prevailing at that point were not such as presaged the present beautiful city. During his lirst visit to .\merica, Mr. Foster had i)urchased one hun- dred and sixty acres of land in the town of Lisbon upon which he now [lurposed locating, and ac- cordingly lured a team in Milwaukee to take him- self and wife thither. So bad were the roads, that they almost des|)aired of rtacliing their destina- tion. In connection willi his farming interests, Mr. Foster carrieil on merchandising. A short time before the war he removed the reinnant of his stock of goods to Brandon, Wis., wheie he engaged successfully- in mercantile ])ursuits until 18G7, at that time disposing of his l)usiness to his son,I''red- erick U. He then came to this county and bought three hundred and twenty-seven acres of land in the town <>{ Waukesha, where he ma<le his home. However, Mr. Foster was not long permitted to enjoy his new home, his death occurring March 19, 1868, only eight months after settling here. In his youth lie had enjoyed good educational ad- vantages, thereby fitting himself for an active and useful career. A man of exceptionally fine busi- ness qualifications he made a success of whatever he turned his hand to. Beginning life without capital, he through industry and correct methods became possessed of much valualile property. Hon- orable and u|iriglit in all the relations of life, he conimaiided the highest esteem and regard of all who knew him. Both he and his wife were con- sistent members of the Methodist l^piscopal C'hurch, with which they were ideiitilied from early life. In 1876 Mrs. Foster removed to the village of Waukesha, where she has a pleasant residence be- sides still owning the farm. .Mr. and Mrs. Foster became the parents of six children, one of whom died in infancy, the re- maining live growing to maturity. F^rederick K., the eldest, is operating a bank at Brandon, Wis. lie has one son, J. W., who was reared by his grandmother, JMrs. I'oster, in Waukesha, but is now in the bank with his father. Harriet II., the next in order, became the wife of Col. L. Fergu- son, a prominent merchant of Brandon. lulward, who wedded May FL, daughter of Edward and I{;iizabetli (Ilethenngtuii) Porter, is a wool dealer of Waukesha. Liza .1., who married J. . I. Hadfield, died in Waukesha, October 6, 1884. Thomas N., the youngest, is a member of one of the leading kid glove firms of the city of New Y'ork, that of Foster, Paul cfe Co. Mrs. Foster, though seventy-five years of age, is well preserved. She has passed through all the trials and experiences common to pioneer life in Wisconsin, and h.as therefore witnessed the mar- velous growth from a cf)mparative wilderness to one of the most beautiful fanning countries to be found. When she came to this county, Indians were very plentiful; in one ilny she h.as seen as many as .seventy pass her home. However, the Indians, like much else that w.as common in those days, have given place to the advanced ideas, PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHTCAL RECORD. 275 thoughts and methods of civilization. To those who have made possible the many luxuries and advantages to be enjo3'ed to-day all honor is due, and to the pioneer fathers and mothers should be paid the liighost Inhiilc of praise.

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JOHN DALE is one of the good farmers that J^ngland has furnished Waukesha County. He was boin in Yorkshire, April 25, 1816, and in that shire his father, John Dale, spent his entire life. The mother of our subject, Han- nah Dale, was also a native of Yorkshire. In a (pilot way their lives were spent, being pious peo- ple and consistent members of the Episcopal Church. Mr. Dale, whose name appears at the l)e- ginuing of this biography, was reared to farm life, which in England means much hard work and meager opportunities for obtaining an education. What he li.as acquired has largely been obtained through reading and observation. He early learned hal)its of industry and frugality which proved of great benefit to him in after life. At the age of fourteen years he hired out for wages, working from April to November for a sovereign. The following year he received two pounds for the en- tire year's work. The j'oung men of this country would think %10 very small comi)ensation for a month's work. Having heard of the sijlendid oi)- portunities this country afforded for acquiring wealth. Mr. Dale decided to try his fortune in the New World, and on the 3d of April, 1H15, bade his old home and native land farewell. From Liver- pool to New York the voyage was made on the good ship "Liberty," which cros.sed the ocean in four weeks. On arriving in Oneida County, N. Y., he had scarcely enough money to buy a meal; however, he soon secured employment at $100 a year. At Koine, in that county, October 3, 1846, was celebrated his marriage with Miss Mary Cook, a sister of Emanuel Cook, of the town of Pewaukee. A family consisting of one son and two daughters was born of this union, though only on» survives, Esther, wife of Sylvester T. Redford. Her mar- riage occurred October 24, 1874, whereby she has become the mother of four children: Carrie M., Allen D., Alvin J. and Sylvester C. Mr. Redford was Ixjrn in this county April 16, 1853, while the date of his wife's birth was October 23, 1859. Both arc members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and the husband is a stanch Republican in politics, having first voted for President Hayes. In the advancement of the public schools, he is deeply interested, and to forward the same he has served as District Clerk and Treasurer. The year 1850 witnessed the arrival of Mr. and Mrs. Dale in Wisconsin. Having reached Milwau- kee by way of the Great Lakes, he hired a wagon to bring him to the town of Lisbon. Their first home was a little log cabin on Bark River, for which he paid rent. For two j'ears he worked at a salary of ^140 a year. Having saved his earn- ings, Mr. Dale purchased fifty-three acres of land on section 2, of the town of Pewaukee, on which no house had been erected, and only four acres had been broken. Subsequently he added twenty- seven acres, making a snug farm of eighty acres on which he still resides. Though not a pioneer, Mr. Dale was here early enough lo witness the great "Indian scare" which caused the inhabitants to Hee ill every direction for safety like a (lock of frightened sheep. When the people regained their senses, they laughed at their own folly, as there was no ground for the alarm. Mr. and Mrs. Dale passed through many hard- ships in their efforts to make a home for them- selves and their children. Many a night would they work until twelve o'clock, burning brush and preparing the ground for the plow. Groceries and other supplies were obtained by gathering up the ashes and taking them to the ashery where the ex- change was made. Day after day would he bind 288 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. grain during harvest, while his daughter Esther I)erformc(l the same work by liis side. Now in his declining years, retired from active business, Mr. Dale i.s making iiis iiomc with iiis only cliild, who has been an able assi.stiinl and a great comfort to him for many years. The httme circle of the Dale family was again broken on the '26th of December, Ib'JS, when the loved wife and mother was called away. Her death saddened many hearts, as she was highly esteemed in the community where so many years of her life were spent. She was an ac- tive worker in the Methodist Episcopal Church, to which her husband also belongs. In his political views Mr. Dale has ever been in harmony with the principles of the Republican party. The life of this sterling Englishman has been well spent, and now at the age of seventy-eight he can look back and buy, without boasting, that the world is better for his having lived in it.

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JOHN .lEFFERY is a well known farmer, re- >iding on section 2, Lisbon Township. The sons of Briton have played an important part in the development of Waukesha County, and with others, the name of our subject is insep- arably connected with the history of this com- munity. He was born May 22, 1818, in Kent County, England, and is a son of William and Mary Ann (Wimset) Jeffery. The father was born in Kent County in 171)6, and the mother was a native of the same locality. In 1842 they bade adieu to the land of their birth, and in a sailing- vessel crossed the Atlantic, reaching New York after a voyage of forty-two days. They settled in Oneida County, N. Y., where they remained for a little more than a year, and then started for the territory of Wisconsin, making the journey by way of the Canal and the Great Lakes to Milwau- kee, which was then a small town. What is now the business center of the city was then mostly covered with water. 1 n a log cabin, in true pio- neer style, the .leffery family began life in the west. The house contained only one room and a little garret or loft which was used as the sleeping apartment for the children. The snow would sift through the shake roof and the chinks of the logs, and they would frequently awake in the morning to find upon them a white coverlet. Indians were frequently seen begging of the settlers, and near the Jeflfery home was an Indian camp. The claim comprised one hundred and sixty acres of land and the first crop was reaped with a cradle and threshed with a flail. Parents and children became familiar with all the experiences of frontier life. The father was a stalwart Republican and was a warm friend of the public school system. His death occurred in 1886, at the advanced age of eighty-four. Mr. Jeffery, of this sketch, was reared to man- hood in England, and with the family came to the United States. During his residence in Oneida County, N. Y., he wedded Miss Mary Ann Callow, the ceremony being performed in 1842. The lady- is a native of Kent County, England, and has been to her husband a faithful companion and helpmeet on life's journey. Eleven children were born to them, four sons and seven daughters, of whom seven are yet living. William, who for two years was a student in Carroll College, com- pleted his education in the State University of Madison; Ann is the wife of Myron Oliver, an agriculturist of Faribault County, Minn.; Emma is at home; Mary is the widow of Albert Crouch; Louisa is the wife of Charles Smith; Alice has suc- cessfully engaged in teaching in this county for i- number of terms, and Albert assists his father in carrying on the home farm. Four children are de- ceased: George C, who served during the late war in Company A, Twenty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry; Jane E., who was the wife of F. M. Oliver; John and Lizzie. Mr. Jeflfery aided in the erection of the first schoolhouse in the district and in building the Congregational and Methodist Episcopal C'hurches on the old plank road. The cause of education has always found in him a warm friend, and he has been School Director and Clerk of the Board for several years. He and his wife are devout members of the Methodist (.'hiircli, in which he has long been Class Leader, and for twent}- years he has been Superintendent of the Sunda3'-scliool. He is ever found on the side of right and order,

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JOHN A. RODGERS.  2itl and liis sterling worth and strict integrity have gained for him liie confidence and good-will of all. Mr. Jefferj- may truly be called a self-made man, for his possessions have been acquired through his own efforts and tlie assistance of his estimable wife. His farm comprises one hundred and tiiuty-five acres of rich and arable land, and his home is a coinfortabic and commodious residence. In 1887 he erected a large barn, 38x7() feet in dimensions, with eighteen-foot posts and a. nine-foot stone basement, which is well planned for the accommo- dation and shelter of his stock. He h.as transform- ed this place from .nn unl)roken tract of land to one of ricii fertilily, and in return for tlie care and cultivation he bestows upon it, the well lille<i fields yield to him a good income. His success in life is well deserved. _^] "^] -^+^ [^_ i:^" JOHN A. RODGERS. I'pon the shoulders of the younger population rests the mantle of responsibility in the government of our country. In the life records of the repre- sentative people of Waukesha County, we en- deavor to record the true history of the growth and development of the county. Mr. Rodgers, tiie subject of this memoir, is one of tlie3'oung Re- publican leaders in the town of Lisbon, where his birth occurred November 2',l, 18(;2. He is the youngest cliild in a family of two born to James and Rlioda (Look) Rodgers, his mother having been, at the time of her marriage to his father, Mi"s. Botsford. John A. was reared to the life and occupation of an agriculturist and stock-raiser. What educa- tion he received was acquired in the Sussex public scliools; however, he has obtained a fund of useful knowledge by reading and by contact with tlie business world. He remained on his father's farm in the town of Lisbon until he had attained to matur- ity. On the 2;ith of November, 1888. was cele- brated his marriage to Miss May E. Hext, and to tliis happy union have been l)orn two l)riglit little daughters, Jessie May and Anna Laura. Mrs. Rodgers is a daughter of Stephen and Martha (Gudger) Hext, pioneers of Waukesha County, of which she is a native, tlie date of her birth be- ing September l.'i, 1863. She grew to womanhood in this her native county, and was here educated. Her primary education was acquired in the com- mon schools, and was supplemented by a course at Carroll College, from which institution slie gradu- ated in the Class of '83. After leaving college, and before her marriage, Mrs. Rodgers was num- bered among the successful teachers of Waukesha County, in the schools of which she taughla series of sixteen terms. Mr. Rodgers is a stanch Republican, and cast his first Presidential vote for the Hon. James G. Blaine, tlie great statesman and diplomat. He has been very active in his political life, and is one of the four young Republicans known as the "Big Four," in Lisbon Township, the others lieing James Templetoii, John R. Small and W. H. I'.d- wards. As a rule, when these young men put their heads together to organize and formulate plans of operation, they are successful. Mr. Rodgers has always advocated the principles of his party with fidelity and honesty. Many times he has been se- lected by his townsmen to represent them in Coun- ty and District Conventions. In 18;»2 he w.as chosen Chairman of the delegation from Waukesha County to the State Congressional Convention, which met for the purpose of sending state dele- gates to the National Convention at Minneapolis. At the early age of twenty-two years he was elected to the oflice of Town Treasurer, serving during tlie year 188.0. He was appointed Deputy Sheriff of Waukesha County under the administrations of Sheriffs Snyder and Parsons, and served in that capacity from 1886 to 1890. In 1888 Mr. Rod- gers was elected Township Clerk, and re-elected in 1889; and in 1892 was elected Chairman of the Board of Supervisors in the town of Lislvon. It was while he was filling this position that the idea arose among the people of the county of Waukesha to erect a courthouse that would fittingly repre- sent the growth and progress of the county and be in keeping with the times. Having decided upon llie plan, a building committee was selected which was composed of the following Supervisors of the county, who were duly elected by ballot: 292 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. M. L. Snyder, of tbe town of Waukesha, Cliaiinian ; T. E. .lonc'S, of Ottawa; Andrew McCormiek, of Ocononiowoc; ('. F. Steele, of Pewaukee, and John A. Uodgers. of Lisbon. The beautiful structure, which is an ornament to tlie county and a credit to the efforts of tlie gentlemen who had the su- pervision of its erection, was built at a cost of *6y,- 136, and is probably the most economically con- structed luiilding in the state of Wisconsin. Mr. Rodgers has always performed all the ollicial duties devolving upon him in n most efficient and satis- factory manner. Socially he is a member of Morris Camp No. 1 r2t), M. W. A., of Sussex, Wis. There are about twenty-seven active members in this camp. Mr. and Mrs. Hodgers are in sympathy with all relig- ious and moral teachings. Their estate comprises one hundred and forty-six acres of fine land in the town of l^isbon, and the improvements on it are of the most modern type. Mr. Rodgers and wife are esteemed by a large circle of friends and a('i|ii;uiitances for their sterling worth.

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<rpr UGUST HENSCHEL, a well known gen- / — \ eral merchant of Colgate, Wis., and an enterprising business man, dates his resi- dence in Wisconsin from 1856. He was born in the city of Berlin, the capital of the German Em- pire, August 22, 1823, and is the only child of August and Louisa (Raasch) Henschel. The fa- ther was a native of the same locality and ac- quired an excellent education. He was an exten- sive landowner and lived upon his rentals. His wife was born near Berlin Januarj' 31, 1801, and they si)ent their entire lives in Germanj'. Our sul)ject was reared to manhood in the F"a- therland, and was educated under the instruction of a private tutor. During his youth he learned the trade of a potior, and followed that for a num- ber of years, both before and after his emigration to America. On the 15th of April, 1855, he mar- ried Miss Wilhelmina Palm, and in 185G started with his bride for America. On the "Mississippi" they crossed the briny deep, and after a long and tedious voyage reached New York. By way of the Hudson River, the railroad and the lakes they continued their westward journey on to Milwaukee. They went lirst to Washington County, but after three months removed to Winnebago County, where Mr. Henschel worked at the potter's trade for two and a-half years. He then came to Col- gate and embarked in merchandising, which he has since followed. When he reached Milwaukee his cash capital consisted of only ^20, but he was industrious and energetic, has made the most of his opportunities, and is now in comfortable cir- cumstances. To Mr. and Mrs. Henschel were born Ave sons four of whom are yet living. Edwin August, who was educated both in (Jerman an<l English, w.is a painter by trade, and with his wife and one child resides in Waukesha. Herman is an agriculturist of Washington County, and is also scrvingas Dep- uty Postmaster of Colgate; William aids liis father in the store; and Oscar completes the family. The mother was called to her final rest Se])teniber 30, 1890, and her remains were interred in the Ger- man Kvangelical Cemetery of Menomonee Falls. She was a most estimable lady, and her loss was widely and deeply mourned. She belonged to the Evangelical Church, and all who knew her re- spected her. Mr. Henschel has carried on merchandising in Colgate sinfe 1885, and lias a good stock of dry goods and staple groceries. In all things he is systematic and methodical, keeping a record of everything connected with his business. His first vote was cast for Abraham Lincoln, and he has since exercised his right of franchise in support of the men and measures of the Republican party. He has served as Justice of the Peace, and for some time has been the efficient and popular post- master of Colgate, lie has a strong letter of en- dorsement and thanks frc)m Postmaster General Wananiaker, which he prizes highly. He is one of the representative and honored German citizens of Lisbon Township.

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JOHN BATES, deceased, was a man univer- sallj' esteemed and was regarded as one of the leading and inlluential citizens of Wau- kesha County. A native of Buckingham- shire, England, he was born February 18, 181 1, and was a son of Thomas Withers and Elizabeth Bates, who were also natives of Buckinghamshire. The father was reared .as a farmer, but after com- ing to the United States spent fourteen years of his life as a ship sawj'er and brick-maker. He then resumed agricultural pursuits. , Our subject was nineteen years of age when he concluded to try his fortune in the United States. He sailed from London, and aftera voyage of nine weeks landed in New York, where he began work- ing as a farm hand. He there remained for two years and afterward learned the trade of brick- making, which he followed for six years in the Empire State. In 1839 he returned to England, and during that visit to his old home met and married Miss Elizabeth Edmonds, who was l)orn in Yarnton, Oxfordshire, January 12, 1817. Their marriage was celebrated in November, 1839. and by their union were born six sons and eiglit daughters, of whom seven still survive, namely: . Helen, the wife of John Pettard, lives on a farm near Geneva, Neb. Robert K., who raarried Sarah Brown, of Lisbon Townsiiip, by whom he has one dftugiiter, makes his liome at Spring Green, Sauk County, Wis. Bessie A. was born in Waukesha County June 13, 18.03, and was married January 1, 1880, to C. K. Uishop, by whom she has four sons and a daughter, four yet living: George E., attending school; John E., Alfred E. and Nellie. Mrs. Bishop was educated in the public schools and in a sele(;t school in Milwaukee, and for two terms engaged in teaching in Michigan. In liis younger j'ears Jlr. Bishop learned the trade of a tanner but now carries on agricultural pursuits. Since casting his first Presidential vote for Gen- eral Grant he has sui)ported the Republican part}', and his brother, R. P. liishop, represents his dis- trict in Michigan in tlie State Legislature and is now candidate for Congress. Martha, the next member of the Bates family, is the wife of Stephen Rankin, one of the representative farmers of Lis- bon Township. Ilu was there born February 14, 1849, and Mrs. Rankin was born March 3,1856, in a log cabin on sectif»ii 10, Lisbon Township. Their marriage was celebrated December 24, 1877, and was blessed with six children, all yet living, namely: James !'>., who has made rapid advance- ment in his studies and now aids his father in car- rying on tlie farm; Edith May, Everett J., Earl S. and Stanley M., in school; and Ruth Kstella, at home. Mr. Rankin was formerly a Republican but is now a Prohibitionist and takes a firm stand on the side of temperance. He and his wife are mem- bers of tiie Presbyterian Church. Their beautiful home, comprising eighty acres, is situated a mile and a-half from Sussex, and their tasty residence was erected in 1803. Louisa, another member of the Bates family, is tlie wife of Austin lirink, a farmer residing in Erie County, N. Y. Mary J. is the wife of W. W. Bartlett, an agriculturist of Friend. Neb. George W., one of the model farm- ers of Lisbon Township, was born April 19, 1860, and was married October 18, 1888, to Fannie Blake, who was born in Oak Creek (now South Milwaukee) November 15, 1859. George Bates resides on an eighty-acre farm jjiircliased from his father, and all the improvements seen there stand as monuments to his thrift and enterprise. It is one of the best farms of this locality, and their home, a beautiful country residence, was erected in 1892. Ills first Presidential vote was cast for Benjamin Harrison, and he is a stanch Republican. Mrs. John Bates, the mother of this family, was born and reared in England and w.as educated in the parish schools of her native land. During her girliiood she became a member of the Episcopal Church, but after emigrating to America joined the Methodist Church. The j-ear 1841 witnessed the emigration of Mr. and Mrs. Bates to the New World, and eight weeks were consumed in making the voyage from Liverpool to New York. For a number of years they lived in the latter city and Mr. Bates worked at brick-making in the summer, while in the winter he engaged in ship-sawing. In 1849 he came with his family to Wisconsin, locat- ing at Milwaukee, and while there the children were taken sick with cholera. They then went to Manistee, Mich., where John and Susanna died, after which they returned to Milwaukee and later came to Lisbon Township. They had only twenty- five cents when they reached Waukesha. The prospects of this worthy couple were not very bright but they made the most of their op- portunities. Mr. Bates rented land for five years and then purchased fort}' acres on section 16 and forty acres on section 10. They lived in a log cabin and in course of time developed a fine farm. In 1857 they erected the home which was their place of residence during their remaining da3's. Mr. Bates was known as a man of integrit}' and honor, whose word was as good .as his bond, and the poor and need}' found in him a faithful friend. He supported all worthy interests and enterprises, being a pulilic-sjiirited and progressive citizen. He was an earnest supporter of the public schools, and both he and his wife were devout members of the Baptist Church. In politics he was a Repub- lican from the organization of the party until his death. Mr. Bates was a self-made man, who through well directed efforts acquired a handsome compe- tency, including his fine farm of two hundred and twenty acres. His wife passed away March 26, 1887, and he was called to the home beyond July 19, 1893. They were interred in Merlon Cemetery, wliere a beautiful monument marks their last resting i)lace. They left t(j tlieir cliildren an untarnished name, and their memory vvill ever be clierished bv tlicir descendants.

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WILLIAM WEAVER, Ju., has long been \/ V/ a resident of this part of Wisconsin, has witnessed its development, its growth and buildiiig, and has aided in its progress and advancement, lie is one of the worthy- English citizens of Waukesha County, his birth having occurred in Kent County, England, May 8, 1827. The sketch of his parents is given elsewhere in this volume. He was a child of only three summers when with the family he crossed the ocean to the United Slates, the voyage being made on the brig " Emma," which was commanded by Captain Frost and sailed from Rye, England, to New York. The family landed at Castle Garden and lived in the Empire State until 183',), at which time the father made a trip to Wisconsin, by way of the Erie Canal to Buffalo and the Great Lakes to Milwaukee. On reaching that place he stopped at "Cottage Inn," near where Mitchell's Bank now stands. The old Court House was in the midst of a lot of brush, and he chained his yoke of oxen to an old stump where the Second National Bank is now located. There were no railroads in Wisconsin at that time, and the present site of the Chicago, Milwaukee &' HON. THOMAS WEAVER. liKTTY WEAVER. St. Paul Depot was then a tnai'ssli. Waukeslia at that time was called Prairieville, aiitl was a liaiii- let eon lain ill!*; a blacksmith shop, and a jicneial store carried on l)\' a Mr. DaUiii. The suliject of this sketch has passed through all the e.xperieneos of pioneer life, and many a day has swun<i; the olil fashioned cradle in the har- vest lii'ld. In 18 lit he cut aliont ontMiundred acres of grain. The (irsl school lie attended was on the old plank road to Milwaukee, where he conned his lessons for aliout three monlhs during the year. He st:irte<l out In life for himself at the age of twenty-lw(>, and purchased eighty acres of land on section Ki, Lishon Township, upon which not a furrow had deen turned or an improvement made. His lirst home was 12x21) feel in dimen- sions, and he broke his land with ox-teams. He now has a good farm, one that yields to him a comfortable income. Mr. Weaver has been twice married. On the 2!)th of May, 181!l, he wedded Mary Craven, a na- tive of Scarborough, Yorkshire, Knglaiul,and Ihcv became the parents of three daughters. Uina is the widow of Charles Raison, who was a prominent farmer of Lisbon Township, and they had two children: Mary, aged nine, and Krancis three years old. Mrs. Raison now makes her home with her grandfather, William Weaver, Sr. Mary is the second daughter. Eva is the wife of l'>dward Dun- ge^', a farmer of K.a^vette County, Iowa. The mother of this family died in the spring of 1858. His present wife was Miss Hannah Levi.s, who was born in Oneida County, N. Y., September 0, 1831. They had two sons and three daughters, four yet living. William L. isa farmerof Menomonee Town- sliip, and married Laura Rolher, by whom he has one son', Harry; Martha .lane, who became the wife of Robert Mclntyre, died in the faith of the Ei)is- copal Church in 18;i3, leaving two sons and two daughters; Mabel, Eunice and Robert are at home. Mr. Weaver exercises his right of franchise in support of the Democracy, with which he has atlil- iated since casting his (irsl Presidential vote for James K. Polk. He is a man of lirm convictions, true to his belief and not afraid to express his opinions. For two years he served .as Township Treasurer, was Justice of the Peace two jears, As- 10 sessor seven years, and School Director about ten yeais. For about twenty years he has been a mem- ber of the Old Fellows' Society, and his wife be- longs to the Methodist Episcopal Church. His pnlilic and private life are alike above reproach, and all who know him cslcem him highly. f^'V"^^ -^ MRS. THOMAS WEAVER resides on sec- tion ."iT), Lisbon Township. In the true history' of a country, the noble women play a conspicuous and prominent part, and it is .said that "In the cradle the mothers rock the na- tion.'" Since 184(), Mrs. Weaver has resided in Waukesha ('ounty, and well deserves representa- tion in this volume. She was born in Yorkshire, England, Se|)tembcr l(i, 182G, and is a daughlerof Richard and Rachel (Smith) Craven, who came to Wisconsin in 181(;. Her father was born and reared in ^'orkshiie, and there married Rachel Smilli. In 18,'i(), with his wife and children, he left the land of his birth and in a sailing-vessel crossed the Atlantic from Livcipool to New York. He lirsl sellled in Westmoreland, Oneida Count}', N. Y., wheri^ he made his home until 18-l(j, when he came to the territory of Wisconsin. In ihe family were four sons and live daughters, but only two are now living, Isabella, wife of Charles Thorndikc, a farmer of .lefferson County, Wis., and Itelty, now Mrs. Weaver. The latter was a child of only three and a-half years when the family came to the United Slates, and was a young lady of twenty years at the time of her arrival in the west. On the 7th of April, 18 17, she became the wife of Hon. Thomas Weaver, who was one of the pioneers of this locality. I When he came to Wisconsin lie landed first at , Milwaukee, and with only a pair f)f slippers protect- ing his feet, walked to Lisbon. Here he made a claim of a tract of wild land and built a log cabin with a mud and stick chimney. The Indians fre- quentl}' p.assed by, begging for food of the settlers, and wolves and deer were fretpiently seen, the latter usually supplying the table with meat. He often carried on his biick from Prairieville a sack of flour, and in an old fashioned coffee mill ground 392 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. tlie corn used in makinj; •julinuy cake." He often drove llircL- or four yoke of oxen to a breaking plow aud worki'il froin il;iylii.'iit to (lark cleuriug and cullivaliug liis land. To Mr. and JNIrs. Weaver were horn ten chil- dren, five sons and five daughters, and seven are yet living. Amelia is now the wife of Richard Con- nell, a grain, lumber and general merchandise dealer, and one of the most prominent citizens of Hayton. Calumet County, Wis.; James Thomas married .lane llaskins, and is a prosperous farm- er of Lisbon Township; John Franklin married Anna Bennett and resides on the Hon. James Weaver homestead; Julia E. is the wife of Rob- ert Hardy, of Waukesha; Jane Emily is a twin sis- ter of Julia; Lucy C. is the wife of Robert Howard; Alfred Sherman is deceased; and Elmer W. was born October 2, 1867.. He wedded Cora Edwar<ls, of Waukesiia County, December 8, 1892, and a little daughter has been born to them, Gladys Betty by name. In his political views, Elm^r is a stanch Democrat, and has been elected Supervisor, discharging the duties of that oltice in a prompt and capable manner. He now carries on the old home farm. Alfred Sherman, who was usually called Freddie, died December 21, 1881, at the age of seventeen years, two months and twenty-one days. He was a very bright student, a young man of exemplary character, and his good inlluence was widely felt. He was beloved by all who knew him and his loss was deeplj' mourned. In his political views, Mr. Weaver was a strong Democrat who warmly advocated the principles of his party. In 1865 he was elected to the Stale Legislature and was an honored memlier of the Assembly, true to the interests of his constituents. He held a number of local ollices, was a member of the Board of Supervisors, and was otlicially connected with Uie schools for some years. In an early day he and his brother walked to Milwaukee in order to be conlirnu'd in the Episcopal Church, and he and his wife were devout members of St. Alban's Church of Sussex, (contributing liberally to its support and aiding in all ways in its promotion. Mr. Weaver's life was an honorable and upright one, well worthy of emulation. He was called to the home beyond July 2.5, 1885, and throughout the community his loss was deeplj' mourned, for he was a loving husband and father, a true friend, a faithful church worker and a loyal citizen. His remains were interred in the Episcopal Cemetery of Sussex, where a fine monument of Scotch granite marks his last resting place. Mrs. Weaver is now spending her declining days on the old homestead, surrounded by the loving care and at- tention of her children. The estate comprises over four hundred acres of valuable land and the place is a monument to the thiiftand enterprise of him who was its owner.

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JOHN MITCHKLL. Since 1849 has this ster- ling Scotchman been a resident in and an honored citizen of the towns of Lisbon and Jlerton. He is one of the "solid" men of Waukesha County, and one who is widely known as a man of strict iiitegrit\' and honor. Mr. Mitchell was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, Novem- ber 19, 1823, and comes of an old and long estab- lished family, being able to trace his lineage back more than three hundred and fifty years. About 1533 Alexander Mitchell married a Miss Jamieson, to whom was entailed the Whatrigg's farm, upon which John Mitchell, of this biography, was born, and which has continuously been the residence of the Jamieson antl Mitchell families down to tlie present time. Our sul)ject's father, who also bore the name of John Mitchell, was born there in 17 89, and in tlial shire passed almost his entire life. He was reared to the life of an agriculturist and given a liberal education. However, in his early life he followed civil engineering in the Highlands of Scotland, being under the King's employ. He was a mem- ber of the Presbyterian Church, and at the time of his death, which occurred at Montgarswood, Ayr- shire, November 4, 1874, was filling the otlice of deacon. Warm-hearted and benevolent, the poor and needy alw.ays found in him a friend. Father Mitchell was twice married, his first marriage being PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 395 witli Jane Geinmel, who bore him six children, John Mitciicll of this slieU-ii being lier lifth ciiild. She (lieii when tlic latter was acliild of three j'curs, and Ihougli so young lie lias a distinet renieni- branee of her face; so indclilily was it impressed that in after years, when sliovvn liis duuglilcr's ptirtrail done in oil, lie recognized the features of his mother. After lier death the fatiier married Kli/.aliet'i Parker, who still lesides in the ohl liome in Scotland. Of tlie tliirtcen chihlren, seven sons and six daugiiters, there are nine living in 18'.)1, namely: Alexander, who was never married, re- sides on the t)ld homestead in Ayrshire; Janet, who is the widow of .lames Wylie, lives at Moss- giel, the old home of Kol)erl Burns, well known in history, song and story; Agnes, who is tiie widow of Robert Young, is a resident of Dunifrie- shire; John, is the next; Jane, who is the widow of .lohn llowat, lives in Wales; Alien, wlio is a resident of Melbourne, Australia, has two daugh- ters, his wife being deceased; Mattiiew, who is also married, lives in Canada, l)eing a farmer by occu- pation; Mary and Eujilionia live at Springvale, near the city of Ayr, witli their mother, who has reached the advanced age of about ninety years. John Mitchell, of this article, resided on a farm in his native land until eighteen years of age. He received onl}' a common-school education, a part of which was obtained in tiie United States. In IHI2 he bade farewell to home and native laud and at Glasgow took passage on the "Perthshire" bound for New York, where he landed on the 7th of June after forty-nine days of sailing. In cross- ing the Atlantic the vessel encountered heavy winds and severe storms; at first fair weather and favorable winds prevailed, but after being out some days the conditions changed, and they were driven hack within sight of land. Wlien he ar- rive(J in this country Mr. Mitchell had onlj' three sovereigns, but better than means he possessed that sturdy determination so ehar.icteristic of his countrymen that h.as carried him on to success. He continued his journey to Buffalo; going thence to his uncle, William Mitchell, in Cattaraugus Countj', N. Y., he remained a short lime, and then went to Livingston County, in the same state, where he resided for seven years, being engaged in agriculture. There, on the 2d of October, 1849, lie was united in marriage with Miss C. A. Love- joy, a native of the Empire Slate, and of this union live children, four sons and a daughter, were born, of whom but two are living, Jennie A. and Will- iam K. The former, wlio w.as educated at Kern- dale College, in Milwaukee, is the wife of Henry Coons, a prosperous business man and miller of Poyneltc, Wis. Tlicy iiave two children, Adessa L. and William. Tiie son, vvlio is a farmer by occupa- tion, resides witli liis father. The mollier of this family passed away on the 17th of Fehniary, 189:3. Mr. Mitchell was again married, Mrs. Mina (West- over) Rea becoming his wife on the 20th of June, 1893. She w.as born in Waukesha, .lanuary 13, 1858, and is a daughter of Demon and Lena (Gremvis) Westover. On reaciiing womanhood she became the wife of Altner Kea, who was a na- tive of Waukesha County, and a son of one of the early pioneer families of Merton, Wis. By this marriage there were three children: Clement, Arthur and Myrtle, all of whom are living, and are tiie light and life of the Mitchell household. Mr. Uea's death occurred April G, 1888. By trade he w.as a car|)enter and joiner. Earnest and ener- getic, he was esteemed by all who knew him. In political sentiment he was a Repiil)lican, and ever took an interest in the trium])hs of that party. Mrs. Mitchell is a l:idy of fine address and pleas- ing manners, and to the stranger, as well as friend, extends a cordial welcome. It was in 1849 that Mr. Mitchell first came to Wisconsin; coming direct to tliis county, he pur- chased one hundred and tliirty acres of land on section 21, in Lisbon Township, on which he erected a log house, in which he lived for four years. During the next year and a-half he worked in a sawmill, then came to Merton Township and pur- chased fifty-live .acres of land and began farming. The means with which he began in Wisconsin had been saved from his earnings during his resi- dence in the state of New York, where he worked for ¥13 per month. Before and after he came to the town of Merton he received a number of offers from different places to become a sawyer, all of which he declined, preferring to devote him- self to agricultural pursuits. In the early days 396 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. he cut many liundred acres of grain witli the old- fashioned cradle, and threshed it out with the Hail. As a rail-splitter he was not excelled, and has split as many as four hundred and sixty-two m one day for lion. William Small. lie hauled his grain from Merton to iNIilwaukee with ox teams, and that before the plank road was built. He aided in hauling and sawing the lumber of which the plank roads through Lisbon and Pewaukee were built. Indeed, he has ever taken a promi- nent part in the affairs of his town and count}'. Mr. Mitchell is at present a Democrat, but in no sense a partisan. While his first vote was cast for Winfield .Scott, he voted for Lincoln, and in fact has always supported such men and measures, irrespective of party, as he deemed best calculated to accomplish the most good for the greatest num- ber. He was the first man in his township to give his support to the Hepublican measure of keeping slavery within bounds. In an ottlcial ca- pacity- he has served his town as .Justice of the Peace for eleven years, and has been connected with the School IJoard of the town for the long period of thirty years, being the present Treasurer of that body. This is the longest term of service as a school officer that any citizen in the county has rendered his town. He has given liberally to all benevolences, and to various church dcnoini- nations that have called upon him for aid. When Mr. Mitchell landed in this couiitrj- lie had less than *!;'), but through the exercise of thrift, enterprise and exceptional business ability' he has risen to a place among the most wcalthj' and successful financiers of his town and county. He is largely interested in real estate, having some nineteen hundred and forty acres of land in the Dakotas, three eighties in Eau Claire County, this state, eighty in Pepin County, and seventy-six in the towns of Merton and Lisbon, in this coun- ty. He has means invested in different milling interests in Minnesota, Dakota and the village of Pewaukee, and besides is interested in the Con- solidated Land Company of Cudaliy, Wis., and in the Boulevard Heights of South Milwaukee. As a business man Mr. Mitchell has made a remark- able career, which shows what a young man can do if he possesses but the proper qualities and energy. Though [last seventy years of age he is as bright and active as a young man many years his junior. He has erected one of the most beautiful residences in the village of Merton, and lakes great delight in his home and family'. Since the year IH06 he has kept a diary of all local happenings and busi- ness transactions, which is a source of no small satisfaction, as well as being veiT useful to him.

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JOHN WATSON, an honored pioneer, and a veteran soldier t)f the late war, has been a resident of Lisbon Township, Waukesha County, since 1843, and has therefore wit- nessed almost the entire development of the coun- ty, from a wilderness to one of the most beautiful in the Badger State. Mr. Watson is a native of Perthshire, .Scotland, l)oni on the I'.lth of Decem- ber, 1827, being the fourth in a family comprising four sons and two daughtere, whose parents were Andrew and Catharine (Rodger) Watson. At present there are three of this family living, one older and the other younger than our subject, namely: Jannet, who is the wife of Tiiomas Welsh, a farmer of the town of Lisbon, and Andrew. The latter is a resident of Cairo, Egypt, to which place he was sent .as a missionary b^' the United Presby- terian Church of the United States of America. He graduated from Carroll College, in the Class of '57, and took a course at Princeton, after which ln^ pursued his studies in Allegheny and I'liiladelphia, Pa. The father, who was born in Perllisliirc, Scot- land, May 28, 17115, died in his native land on the 7tli <>! A[)ril, 1835. He was reared to the trade of a weaver, in the days when weaving was done by hand. He was also a fisherman, carrying on that business in the River Tay. His wife, who was a native of the same shire, was born March 13, 1801. After the death of her husband she came to Amer- ica, and died in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, in .Iiine, 1875. John Watson was a lad almost fourteen vears of age when, with his brother (lilbert, he bade adieu to '•Bonnie .Scotland," setting sail from Dundee, May 12, 1841, on board the ''Peruvian" bound for New York. After a voyage of nine weeks the vessel cast anchor in the harbor of the American port, oursubject landing on the 4th of July. From the city of New York, the brothers made their way to Buffalo, where they commenced work, John re- ceiving for his services ^4 per month, and there remained until the fall of 1843, when they turned their faces westward, Wisconsin being their desti- nation. They came by steamer to Milwaukee, the younger brother working on the boat to pay his passage. That city was then but an iusignincant port on the lake, and there was not in the present state of Wisconsin a railroad, any large manufac- turing establishments, or other industries which to-daj' make of it one of the best states in the Union. The brothers proceeded direct to the town of Lisbon, where Mr. Watson of this record com- menced working for wages on a farm. He received but a limited education, as all advantages of that nature ceased upon his emigration to the United States, but by reading and observation he has be- come a well informed man. As soon as thej' had earned sufficient money, the lirothers sent for their mother, who with three children came to this coun- ty, locating in the town of Lisbon. The first pur- 404 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. chase of land that Mr. Watson made was on sec- tion 3, in tlie town of Lisbon. It was wild and unimproved, hut the younjj fellow set to woi-k to develop a farm, and make for himself a lionie. During the time that he was building his log cabin, which was tiie lirst home of the family in this county, he worked a whole week without seeing another person, and after his house was up, the first niglit he slept in it, liiere was not a pane of glass in the windows. Deer were plentiful, and once and awhile remnants of the Winnebago tribes passed tlirougli the premises. The work on tiie farm was performed by the aid of ox-teams, and the conveyance used for traveling was the cart. On the 15th of December, 18.")3, Mr. Watson wedded Miss Mary Rodger, who was born in Pertlishire, Scotland, on the UJlli of February, 1832. This union has been blessed with six chil- dren, four sons and two daughters, of whom five are living, naiiioly: Andrew G., who was edu- cated in Carroll College and taught in the schools of Waukesha County, is engaged in tlie grain busi- ness at Antioch, 111.; John A., who was graduated from Wayland Academy, at Heaver Dam, and sub- sequently took a classical course, .married Miss Jo- sephine Forbes, and is a prosperous hardware mer- chant of Ashland, Wis.; James R., who w.as grad- uated in the Class of '87, from Carroll College, and taught in Dodge County, superintends the old homestead; Mary E., who is also a graduate of Carroll College, a member of the Class of '89, is at home; and Kittle, who is the youngest in the home, completed the course at Carroll College in 1802. Mr. and Mrs. Watson have bestowed upon their children the blessing of a good education, thereby lilting them to fill useful places in the business and social world. Mr. Watson has been a I\cpiil)lic:in since the or- ganization of that party, having cast his first Pres- idential vote for the first candidate of the party, Gen. John C. Fremont. Though taking a lively interest in the successes of his party, he has never been an aggressive politician. In 1875 he was elected Chairman of the Town Board of Super- visors; was elected Assessor in 1871, and was Treasurer of the School Board of his township for the long terra of fifteen years. He and his wife are devoted members of the United Presbyterian Church of Lisbon Township, he having been Elder of the church society since his return from the war. Their estate comprises one hundred and seventy-five acres of fine land in the town of Lis- bon, and their comfortal)le home is the abode of hospitality and good cheer. Mr. Watson was one of the brave and noble men who responded to his country's call for troops on the breaking out of the late Civil War. In the fall of 1862, he enlisted in the service, Ijecoming a member of Company F, Twenty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry, under Captain White and Colonel Lewis. The regiment rendezvoused at Camp Washburn, Milwaukee, and there received orders to go to Columbus, Ky., to aid in the defense of that place. Going thence to Helena, Ark., it took part in an engagement on the 4th of July, 1863, in which the Federal forces were victorious, though the regi- ment suffered the loss of several men. From Helena the Twenty-eighth Regiment joined the Tallahat- chie Expedition, the object of which was to place the troops in the rear of Vickshurg; however, this was abandoned, and the troops returned to Helena, going thence to Little Rock, in the same state, where they occupied the city, the first time it had been in the hands of the Federal forces. The next move w.is to New Orleans, thence to Ft. Morgan, near Mobile, on the entrance to the city, and from there to Spanish Fort, which was evacuated by the Confederates and occupied by the Union troops. After the surrender of General Lee, the order came for Mr. AVatson's regiment to go to Texas; cross- ing the Gulf of Mexico, it landed at Brazos Is. land, and marched to the mouth of the Rio Grande, thence to Brownsville, where it was mustered out of service. Mr. Watson received his honorable and final discharge at Madison, Wis., on the 23d of August, 1865, and returned to his home to don the civilian's garb. During his term of enlistment he was appointed Corporal of Company F, Twen- ty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry, the commission be- ing issued by Col. James M. Lewis, "For reposing special trust and confidence in the patriotism, valor, fidelity and ability of Mr. John Watson." Mr. Watson was never off duty, on a furlough, or in the hospital, but was prostrated on the field PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 405 from exhaustion and exposure. His record as a soldier was an honorable one, and such that lie may justly feel proud. All honor is due to the men who braved the hardships of a soldier's life that the proudest nation of the glolje to-day might he perpetuated. When Mr. Watson came to Wisconsin, lie was a poor boy; he had 111), which he lo.nned and fi- nally lost, so that all that he has has been accumu- lated since his residence here, .and by adhering to correct business methods this was made possible. From the penniless boy, he has advanced to a high position among the leading and representative men of the township, by whom ho is esteemed for his integrity and honor.

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T7> MANUEL COOK. Among the many \ CS worthy early settlers of Waukesha Coun- ty of English birth, must be mentioned the gentleman whose name appears at the head of this article. For fifty j^ears he has been a citizen of this country and since 1851 of this county. A na- tive of Yorkshire, England, Mr. Cook was born September 30, 1827, at Scarborough, distant about twenty miles from the city of York, he being the eleventh in a family of fourteen children, compris- ing six sons and eight daughters, of whom but two survive, the other being Robert, who resides in Treini)ealeau County, Wis., where he is engaged in agricultural pursuits. The parents were Joseph and Esther (Patch) Cook, both of whom were na- tives of Yorkshire, where the father followed tlie avocation of a farmer. He and Captain Cook, the discoverer of the Sandwich Islands, whom the can- nibals killed, were cousins. In 1842 Joseph Cook, accompanied by his wife and family, embarked on board the sailing-vessel 408 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. "Patrick Henry " at Liverpool bound for New York. They were four weeks in crossing tlie Atlantic Ocean. Wlien lliey uomraenced life in America the father liad very little means, but by industry and economy became well-to-do. Hisflrst location was near I'tica, N. V., vviiere he rented a farm and tlierc remained some six or seven years. At the expiration of that time he came to Wisconsin, the trip Ijemjr made from Home to Ruffftlo on tlie Erie Canal, thence to Milwaukee by way of tlie lakes. That populous city of to-day was a miseral)le little place; the ground upon which it is built was low and swampy, while some of the walks were first laid with brush on lop of whiili phuik were placed, as this was the only way lo make tlie streets passa- ble. They lauded at a rickety old pier and spent their first night in Milwaukee at a little tavern kept by Mr. l'liel|)s. doing lo Lisbon Township, Waukesha County, Father Cook rented a farm, and in this neighborliood both husband and wife passed the remaining 3'ears of their lives. They were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and were esteemed U>v the many excellencies of charac- ter they possessed. Ml. Cook, the subject of this biography, ac(|uired the most of his educaliou in the Sabbath-school of his native land, which has been supplemented by reatling, observation and practical experience. He was always a kind and dutiful son and did all he could lo make the declining years of his i)arents full of peace and contentment. On the 2oth of August, 184S), Mr. Cook wedded Miss Hannah Brown, a native of England, who bore him one child, Mary .1., who became the wife of George Wilson, of the village of Pewaukee. Mrs. Cook was born .January 19, 1821, and died on the 3d of February. 188(). Mr. Cook was again married, the lady of his choice being Mrs. Sarah A. (Wilson) Cook, their marriage occurring .luly H, 188(). Mrs. Cook IS a native of Canada, born August 6, 1847, near Toronto. Her parents, John and llursley (Myeis) Wilson, were natives of Yorkshire, Eng- land, and emigrated to Canada about 1844, the voyage across the Atlantic consuming nine weeks and three days. Mrs. Cook has been twice mar- ried, lier first husband, Thomas Cook, being a brother of her present liusband. By her first mar- riage Mrs. Cook had five children, two sons and three daughters, of wliom the following survive: Hester E., wife of Alexander Balzcr, of Waukesha; May E., wife of Warner Shonat, of Trempealeau County, Wis., and Robert S., of Pewaukee Town- ship. The latter resides on the Cook estate and is engaged in farming. The father of this family, Thomas Cook, departed this life .June 22, 1876. On coming to Wisconsin Mr. Cook purchased eighty acres of partiall_y improved land, though as he says, May of 1851 saw his poor little farm with- out a house and almost devoid of imiiroveiiients of any kind, 'riie wildness of the surroundings of his future hcune turned his thoughts back to the comfortable home left across the sea, but for tlie active and enterprising man there was no time to be spent in useless regrets. His first house w.as a small frame one l()x2il feet in dimensions and one and oiie-h.'ilf stories high. For the first railroad built in the state, the branch of the Milwaukee & St. Paul now known as the Prairie du Chien Di- vision, Mr. Cook got out ties from his timber and hauled them to help lay the track, llis lirst crop of grain was cut with a cradle, after which he threshed it out with a Hail, lie was here early enough to see many Indians, while deer vverc often seen upon his i)ieniises. Of the development of Waukesha County', as well as this part of the state, he has been a witness. I\Ir. Cook came to this county a [)oor man; went in debt for his first purchase of eighty acres of land, but by toiling incessantly and depriving him- self of many of the comforts of life has accuimu- lated valuable property. He owns a good farm of one hundred and thirty-six acres in the town of Pe- waukee, the land being well supplied with running water and springs. It is to such men of sterling character that the generation of to-day is indebl- ed for the many comforts and luxuries it enjoys. Mr. Cook in his political sentiments is a Demo- crat, but he lias voted forsuch men as Abraham Lin- coln. He does not confine himself to any particu- lar party, but supports those measures bestada|)led to the wants of the people rather than the party. He has never had any political aspirations, but was one of the first R(jad Commissioners, in which po- sition he served for fifteen years. He was also TUDGE MARTIN FIELD. SARAH I'. FIELD. PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 413 Thistle Commissioner for two terms. In religious belief Mr. iiiid Mrs. Cook are members of the Methodist Kpiscop.il Churcii of Lisbon, to the sup- port of which tiiey contribute.

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JOHN .SCHLICHER, now one of the leading farmers of Lisbon Township, residing on section 18, entered the harbor of New Yoik on the 12lh of April, 1862. On the 16th of March he had sailed from Havre, France, to South- ampton, England, where he took passage on the "Bavaria," bound for the I'nited States. In this country he has become widely and favorably known and we feel assured that the record of his life will prove of interest to many of our readers. Mr. Schlichcr was born in Prussia, January 28, 1844, and is a son of John J. and Susan (Porr) Schliclier. The father was born in Rhenish Prus- sia, June 30, 1813, and became a stone cutter, dresser and contractor. He whs extensively en- gaged in government work and did a large and lucrative business. For six years he served in the German Arm}', and his father was an otlieer under Marsliall Davoust for eleven years in Spain and Russia. In 1862 lie came to America, and located in Waukesha County, where he spent his remain- ing days, his death occurring May 24, 1890. In politics he was a Republican, and he and his wife were members of the (ieiman Hcfunncd Church. The lady is still living at the .age of eighty-four and makes her home with her son John. In the family were two sons and a daughter, namely: John, of this sketch; Jacob, a retired farmer of Merton, Wis.; and Susan, deceased. Our subject was a young man of eighteen when he came to America. He acquired an excellent education in the gymnasium of his native land ond is quite proficient in the French and Latin 438 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. lano;u.ij;res. It was liis desire to enter one of the learned professions, but eircunistant'es have altered this determination. When lie reached America he was *()0 in debt and in order to pay this amount he worked as a farm hand for six months at 810 [ per month. About tliis time his father came to i the Inited States and purchased eiiihty acres of ! land in the southcMstern part of Menomonee Townshii), where to<;ether they carried on agricul- tural pursuits for live years, when a farm of one hunflri'd and seventy-six acres on section 18, LisboD Township, was purchased. On the 8tli of February, 1868, Mr. Schlicher wedded Caroline Haass, and they have six chil- dren, .lohn .1.. the eldest child, graduated with the degree of H. A. from tiie Mission School of Sheboygan County, and then took a four years' course in the State I'niversily at Madison, gradu- ating with honor from that institution. For two years he has lilled the chair of languages in Mt. Morris College of Mt. Morris, 111., and is very profi- cient in German, Greek, Latin, Ilcbiew and Sanscrit, lie also possesses consideralile musical abiliti', and it is his desire now to take a thorough course of study in the Universily of Chicago. In his politi- cal views he isa Kcpniiiican. .lacob, who acquired a good education and is a (ierman student, is also an ailvocate of Hcpublican i)rinciples. Peter and William aid their fatlier in carrying on the home farm. Lizzie Is still with her (jareuts, and Henry completes the family. Mr. and Mrs. Schlicher are justly proud of their children and to them they have given good educational privileges, sparing neither labor nor expense in thus (itting them for the duties of life. Mrs. Schlicher was born in Bavaria, March 18, 1819, and is a daughter of Jacob and Charlotte (Zink) Haass, who came to America in 1870, but are now deceased. Our subject cast his first Presidential vote for General Grant and the Hcpublican party has since found in him one of its stanch and earnest sup- porters. He has been honored with several public offices, was several times elected Supervisor of Lisbon Township, and was selected as a juror of the United States Court at Milwaukee in 1889. His public duties have ever been discharged with a promptness and fidelity that have won him the commendation of all concerned. He and his wife are leading members of the Evangelical Church of Mcrtoii, cnniribuling liberally to its support, and Mr. Sehlicher has been President, Secretary and Trustee of tlie Cliurch Board. He was also Superin- tendent of the Sunday-school for some years, and in 1882 drew the jilans for the erection of the house of worship. His farm comprises two hun- dred and fifty-six acics of valuable land on sec- tions 18 and 19, Lisbon Townsliip, where lie has resided since 186.5. lie has made it one of the best improved farms in the locality and has erected one of tlie largest barns, its dimensions being 36x110 feet, with eighteen foot posts and a nine foot b.asement. He has also erected another barn 36x60 feel, and a third 10x34 feet. The improve- ments upon the place and its ncatand thrifty appear- ance well indicate the careful supervision of tlie owner, who is regarded as one of the most practical and progressive (Jerman agriculturists of Waukesha County. His possessions liave all been acquired since his arrival here and liis success comes as the crown of earnest labor.

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r~y EORGE BROWN, Ju. The year 1854 wil- ^ T nessed the arrival of Mr. Brown in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, Wis. lie is a native of Kent County, England, born January 29, 1835, and the third in a family com- prising seven sons and three daughteis, whose par- ents were (ieorge and Catharine (Hopkins) Brown. Of llieir childien five are yet living. The father was also a native of Kentshire and spent his entire life as a farmer, lie had scarcely any advantages for educating himself, and all that he acquired was picked up at intei'vals. Jn 1854, accompanied by his family, he sailed from the port of Liverpool in one of the old sailing-vessels bound for the haven of New Yoik. They were ten weeks crossing the Atlantic, the trip l)eing made perilous by many severe storms, and many times was a silent prayer sent heavenward for the safe arrival of the ship in the western harbor. W^hen the Brown family landed at Castle Garden, in New York, the whole sum of their cash possessions amounted to 4S2,000. They had come to a distant land to lay the foundation and build their fortunes, but lacking the pecuniarj' means with which to make a beginning, they were dependent upon their pluck antl determination, which have brought success. For three years the family remained in New York in order to earn sullicient means to carr}' them farther westward, Wisconsin being tlie desired point. At the end of that time they resumed their journey, coming b}' way of the lakes to Milwaukee, thence to Lisbon Township, where they worked land on shares. The lirst work which the father of our subject did after arriving in the town of Lisbon was the digging of a ditch for Hon. James AVeaver, near Templeton. The boys worked out by the month, and Mr. Brown of this biography informed the writer that his first wages were a bushel of wheat per week, which shows that he began his life in Wisconsin at the lowest round of the ladder, but backed by his English grit and tenacity of purpose he has made his career a successful one. The father's first purchase of real estate was of forty acres of unimproved land. Their home was a log cabin, and to carry on the work of improving and cultivating the land they were aided by an ox team. All their grain was cut with the old fash- ioned cradle, which our subject has swung many a day from daylight till dark. Deer were often seen on the premises, and throughout the country were other indications of the primitive condition that prevailed here. In political faith the father was a sui)porter of the l\cpul)lican party and princii)les, and in relig- ion he and his wife were members of the Episcopal Church of Sussex, Wis. The former died in 1884 and the latter in 1891. Side by side they rest in the Episcopal cemetery at Sussex, where a suitable monument stands at their heads. (ieorge Brown, Jr., was reared to hard work, which he has continued all his life. He received a limited education, as in those early days it was considered more profitable to improve and develop a farm than to spend time in accpiiring book PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 419 knowledge. He remained with his parents till the age of twenty-three years, giving- them the benefit of iiis hibor. When he i)egan life on iiis own re- sponsibility lie liad not a smpliis dollar to liis name, and at the time of his marriage could not ex- hibit >!l(). ]\Ir. Brown wedded Miss Kleanor I\us- sell, also a native of Kent County, England, their marriage oecnrring on Ihi' 17tli of August,, 1857. Of this union live children, two sons and three daughters, were born; all are deceased but one son, Alfred G. His birth occurred in Waukesha Coun- ty in 185!>. His education was obtained in the common schools, and thus far he has devoted his time to agricultural pursuits, making his home with his i)arents. He is a Republican in politics, and voted first for the lamented .lames A. Gar- field. Mrs. Brown was a maiden of sixteen 3'cars when she came .\merica,and consequently .acquired her education in the land of her birth. In politics our subject is a Republican, and by that party was elected .Side-Supervisor of the town of Lisbon. lie has been connected with the pub- lic schools of his district as an ofHcial for a number of years. lie and his wife are inembeis of the Episcopal Church, in which he is .luiiior Warden. The eigiity .acres which Mr. l'>rf)wn owns is one of the beautiful tracts t)f land in Lisbon Township, and his comfortable country home is ever open to his friends. Ills large barn, erected in 1893, is (idx.'il feet in dimoiisioiis, with eighteen fool posts and having an eight foot stone basement. His tool sheds, new granaries and other iinprovemenls have all been made by him and are the results of hard toil and economy. Mr. lirowii may well be proud of ills achievements .as a successful farmer; he com- menced life with nothing and in debt at that, but by industry and frugality he has. with the aid of his wife, made for himself, an honorable pl.ace among his fellow-men, and is esteemed an upright and industrious citizen.

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HON. KLISH A I'K.VKL. For lifty-lwo years has this sterling old gentleman been an honored citizen of Waukesha County, having located in this part of Wisconsin in the spring of 1812. Mr. Pearl is a native of Windham County, Conn., where his birth dccuired March 7, 1819, he being the third in a family com[)i-ising two sons and a daughter born nnlo Kufus and Ab- igail (Hyles) Pearl. Of this family our subject is the only survivor. His father, who was a native of Windham County, Conn., was born in 1787 and died on the '22d of June, 1819. He received such educational advantages as the times of his youth afforded, and on reaching maturity engaged in the manufacture and sale of cotton goods, being one of the first to embark in that business in this coun- try, to which occuiialion he devoted his entire life, lie was a Christian gentleman and often ex- horted in public. His wife, who was a native of the .same county as her husband, was born on the 14th of January, 1799, and died on the 13th of February, 1894, at the advanced age of ninety- five years and one month, her death occurring in Ashford, Conn. Elisha Pearl grew to manhood in the New Eng- land States and there received an academic educa- tion. He learned the trade of cabinet maker in Brookfield, Mass., though he well remembers the old mills in which his father carried on business. At the age of twenty-one years he began life on his own responsibility with a cai)ital of *2,(I(I0. In 181 1 Blr. Pearl and Mr. Richmond came tv> the west on a prospecting tour, their destination being Wis- consin, while the object of the trip was twofold, namely: to secure for the former a promising field in which to locale and to recuperate the hitter's health. Tliey landed in Milwaukee in the spring, from which place they went overland to Prairie du Chieii, thence by boat to St. Louis, and from there to Cincinnati, where a few days were spent. From the (Jueen City the journey was continued by canal to Cleveland, thence by the lake to their home in the east. However, this was not the first visit Mr. Pearl had made to the territory f)f Wis- consin, having made a trip west in lf<;i9. In 1842 iMr. Pearl bade adieu to his New Eng- land home and emigrated to Wisconsin. (Joing to New York City he took a steamer on the Hud- son River to Albany, thence to P>uffalo by way of the Erie Canal. From that city he shipped on a side wheeler bound for Milwaukee, and on arriving at the latter port was taken .ashore on a "lighter." There were not more than one hundred houses in Milwaukee at that time and they were poor at that. There were |)eilia|)s twelve stores in the place, one of which was carried on by SoUmion .hineau, who was a conspicuous person in the hamlet. There was not a railroad in the present state of Wiscon- sin, nor were there any of the factors of civiliza- tion that go to make a great state save in their in- fancy. Air. Pearl first stopped at the "Cottage Inn," well known to many of the earlier settlers of this part of the state, at which he had put up in the summer of 18;i9. Where the large depots of the different railroads now stand was a swamp, the old light house stood near that of the Chicago & Northwestern, and in 18.'^9 he said he could have gone over the entire Third Ward in a boat. From this state he has witnessed the growth of the city until it is one of the most prosperous in this sec- tion of the country. Coming at once to Wauke- sha County, Mr. Pearl located on a claim of three hundred and twenty acres of land in the town of Lisbon, a part of which forms his present farm. His first habitation, which still stands, was a board- PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 459 ed up shanty, and so far in advance of the log cabin was it that it was at once conceded by the settlers to be tlie home of an aristocrat. Indians and deer abounded in the country; tiie former often passed by his liome, while he has seen as many as fifty of the latter in one drove. Ox teams were used in carrying on the work of liie faiinand for drawing the grain to market, which, almost without exception, meant hauling it to Milwaukee, that being the nearest market. The roads were what were called corduroy, made of logs and laid side by side across the road and were most misera- ble. Mr. Pearl was a resident of tiie county when it was set off from that of Milwaukee, and has tlierefore been identified with it since and before it liad an existence as Waukesha County. The first school house erected in the town of Lisbon W!is built a little northwest of his iiome and was known as No. 2, thougii tlie location was afterward changed. In the early days tiie settlers met at the iioiisc to hold churcli services and their first churcli, which was erected by tlie Baptist organization, was built at Merton. February 22, 18-14, Mr. Pearl married Miss Sarah Trowbridge, a native of Asiifoid, Windham Coun- ty, Conn. Mrs. Pearl's birth occurred on the 13th of January, 1820. She grew to womanhood in the "Nutmeg State" and there received a common school education. Mr. and Mrs. Pearl became the parents of four sons, two of whom are living, namely: Edward S., who was educated in the com- mon schools, is engaged in agricultural pursuits at Merrillon, .lackson County, Wis. He was one of the brave boys who went in defense of his country and served faithfully as a soldier. For a wife he chose Miss Louisa Eastman, by whom lie has tiiree dauglilers. Eugene, the youngest of the family, is an artist by profession, liis place of residence being in the city of New York. His education is largely the result of his own exertion. His wife was Mrs. Julia (.Sherwood) Saunder. The deceased sons are: Pliilip H. and Frank Hichinoud. Philip H., the eldest of tiie family, was born Xovember 17, 1844, and died August 14, 1887. His primary education was aciiuired in tlie public schools, after which he was a student in Waylaii<l .\cademy at Beaver Dam for one year. He also pursued his studies in Wesleyan Academy, where he remained a year or two, at Wilbraham, Mass. In the latter institution he wjis a tutor for some time. He was a successful teacher and was employed in the schools of Hartford, Conn., for seven years, being Princi- pal of the Union Graded School. In ijolitics he was a Heiniblican. He married Miss Mary .lane Spencer, by whom he had a son and daughter. In his political sentiments Mr. Pearl was an ul- tra Aliolilionisl, but on the organization of the Republican party he espoused the principles advo- cated by it, and has ever continued to support its men and measures. He has voted for such men as John P. Hale, Gen. John C. Fremont, Abraham Lincoln, and well remembers the Harrison and Tyler campaign. As an ollicial Mr. Pearl has been a valuable citizen, having served as Chairman of the Town Board one year; he was Assessor of his town- ship for several terms, and was connected with the public schools as an officer. In 1853 he was the choice of his district to represent their interests in the Assembly, and it was during this session that Judge Hubbel was impeached. In religious faith Mr. and Mrs. Pearl are members of the Baptist Church of Merton, in which he has been a Trustee since the organization of the society'. Of their means they give liberally to the support of the church and its various benevolences. The Pearl estate now comprises one hundred and seventy-eight acres of the original tract, and lies within three miles of Pewaukee. The beautiful farm house that adorns it is one of the comforta- ble residences in the township, and the family' who reside in it are numbered among the honored and worthv pioneers of the town of Lisbon.

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/•^ E. MAT TESO N, llie subject of this bio- ^^/ graphical sketch, is classed among the ris- ing young agriculturists of the town of Lis- bon, and in connection with his farming interests IS engaged in the poultry business, in which he has a most llattering outlook for fiiUire success and growth. He is a native of Waukesha County, born May Ifi, 18r)9, and is a son of H.N. and Eliza J. (Ray) Matteson, who were the parents of twelve children, comprising seven sons and five daughters, ten of whom are living. Mr. Mat- teson 's father was a native of New York, and there grew to nianhond. In an early day he emi- grated to Wisconsin, in which he settled while it was yet a territory. In his political life he was a Republican. He died at the age of sixty-live years; his wife, who resides in .luiieaii County, still survives, being aged sixty-live 3ears. The maternal grandfather of Mr. Matte^^on lived to the remarkable age of one hundred and four years. C. E. Matteson was reared in .hineaii County, Wis., that having been his home from the time he was six years of age until he w.as sixteen. He received a common school education in the public schools of that county, his time being di- vided between farm duties and the school room. At an early age he began laboring on the farm, receiving for liis services *1 2 per month, and he has been an earnest toiler and tiller of the soil all his life. November 27, 188L My. Matteson wedded Miss Maggie Rigne^-, a native of Waukesha County, and a daughter of Patrick and Margaret (Dwyer) Rigney. Mr. and Mr.s. RLatteson have two chil- dren, a son and a daughter. Mary (Jertrude, the elder, is in school, while Charles R., the younger, is at home. Mrs. Matteson was reared in this county and received her education in the public schools. In May, 1893, Mr. Matteson located in Lisbon Township, where on section 29, he erected a beau- tiful frame residence, in every way a model coun- try home. As stated, he has embarked in the poultry business, his object being to supply, in so far as he can, the demands of the neighboring re- sorts, and to fficilitate the process as well as in- crease the profits therefrom, he uses an incubator. He makes a specialty of the well known pure blood "Barred Plymouth Rock" (B. P. R.). Mr. Matte- son has made a careful study of the business, and his ideas on the same are both practicable and sensible. His first incubator was set February 1, 1894, with one hundred and ninety eggs, which resulted in a hatch of one hundred and twenty- six chicks, which is a good percentage. Fp to April 24, 1894, he had set nine hundred and ninety eggs. He superintended and constructed his entire plant, which is valued at ^2,000. Ttfe a model of neatness, and adapted to accomplish the best results at the least expenditure. At pres- eut Mr. Matteson h.as orders for all his chicks in sight, and as his home lies within a short distance of Pewaukee, a summer resort, and close to the depot of the Chicago, Milwaukee ,^- St. Paul Rail- road, he is bound to receive ready sale for all pro- ducts when he becomes better known. He also ex- pects to merge into the cultivation of small fruit-s, such as strawberries, raspberries and blackberries, for which he will find a ready market. His farm is located in the southwestern part of the town of Lisbon, two and a-half miles from .Sussex, two and a-half from Pewaukee, a like distance from Mer- 474 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. ton, and twenty miles from the city of Milwau- kee. Politically Mr. Matteson is a tnie blue Re- publican. His first Presidential vote was cast for the lamented .lames A. (iarfield. Socially he is a member of Merton Camp, M. W. A., at Merton, Wis., and in religious faith, he and his wife are members of the C'alholic Church of Pcwaukee, of whicli Father N. D. Decker is pastor. An industrious and energetic young man, Mr. Matteson is an honor to his town. Hy untiring effort and economy, he has made a commencement in life, which if well managed, will place himself and family in easy circumstances. Full of busi- ness push and energy, he is a man who enjoys the good will of all who know him.

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ii~^ A\'II) N. IlOLLY is a worthy representa- I I live of the agricultural interests of Wau- kesha County, and now resides on section ; ), liislif)!! Townshi(). His residence in this com- munity dates from June 17, 1811, and he is there- fore numbered among the honored |iioneers. A native of the Kmpire State, he was born in (Jreene- ville, (Ireene County, November 27, 182:5, and is a son of John and Irena (Palmer) Holly. The father was a native of New England, born Sep- tember 23, 1790, and when a child of three years was taken by his parents to New York, wliere he spent his life as an agriculturist. He was drafted for service in the War of 1812, but hostilities were soon afterward ended. In politics he was a Whig until the organization of the Republican party, when he joined its ranks. In early life he and his wife belonged to the Presbyterian Church, but afterward joined the Uaptist Church. In their family were six sons and three daughters, but only two are now living, the brother of our subject be- ing Charles Holly, of Riti, Columbia County, Wis. During the late war he served for three years in a Wisconsin regiment, and participated in many bat- tles and in the famous march to the sea under Sherman. He is now married and follows farming. In the usual manner of farmer lads David Holly spent the days of his boyhood and youth, and in the common schools .acquired his education. In June, 1844, he determined to seek a home in the west, and by way of the Erie Canal and the (ireat Lakes came to Wisconsin. It was then aterritoiy. He landed at Milwaukee, a small town, and many years had passed ere the place became a citv of importance. Mi . Holly took up his residence on section 18, Lisbon Township, where his brother and uncle had purchased a claim of two hundred and forty acres. In the community there were few improvements, nnich of the land was still in the po.sse.ssion of the Government and the work of progress and civilization seemed hardly begun. In 1849 Mr. Holly returned to New York on a visit. He was married December31, 184G, to Eliza Calkins, who was liorn in Columbia County, N.Y., July 24, 1817, and was called to the home beyond Januarj' 10, 1891. They had traveled life's jour- ney together for almost half a century, and the lady had been to her husband a faithful compan- ! ion and helpmate. They had begun their domes- tic life on an eighty acre claim where they lived ' in true jiioneer style. In January, 1854, they re- moved to a farm of eighty acres on section 5, Lis- ; l)on Township, and it is still the home of Mr. i Holly. The best interests of the community have ever found in our subject a frieutl. He h.as aided !'tisL6v.'!o i LI PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPinCAL RECORD. 511 ill llic erection of tlnee sclioolhouses and has ever Iiornc his part in the work of dcveloi)nient and improvement. In politics he is a stalwart advo- cate of Repiihlican jirinciplos, and his lirst vote was cast for Hon. John C". Fremont. He has wit- nessed tiie entire jjrowth and development of the country, and amoii<r the honored pioneer settlers

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HON. VERNON TICHENOR. Few if any of the old settlers of Waukesha County will read this sketch without recalling some pleasant remembrance of this venerable law- yer, the first of his professicm to locate in what is now Waukesha County, and who for fifty-three years was so prominently identified with the his- tory of its courts of law, and whose honorable ca- reer was brought to a close through the course of nature on the 2l)th of January, 181(2, at the ripe old age of seventy-seven years. Mr. Tichenor was born in the town of Amsterdam, Montgomery (now Fulton) County, N. Y., on the 28th of Aug- ust, 1815. His literary education was received at Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., from which in- stitution he was graduated in the Class of '35. Having luiisued a law course in his native town he was admitted to the [>ar in the Supreme Court at Albany, in October, 1838. On the IDtli of August of the same year, he was married at New Scotland, Albany County, N. \., to Miss Charlotte .Sears, a native of Balston Spa, Saratoga County, of the .same state. In August, 18.'?0, Mr. Tichenor emigrated to the territory of Wisconsin and located at Waukesha, which was then Prairie Village of Milwauk(;e County. He at JOHN HOWITT. PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 617 once opened an office in tliat villasjc, which on the orjjanization of Waukes^ha County became tiie county seal, lie look prominence as a man of affairs at tiie start, and on tlie or<j;anization of the town of Waukesha was chosen Town Clerk, which position lie held for a number of years. He was elected -Tustice of the Peace at an early day, and was often re-elected to the same position. In 18.')5 he was chosen Village Treasurer, Village Trustee in 18(!2, Vill.age Clerk in IH()7, and Pres- ident of the ^'illagc in 18()8, being re-elected to the latter olHce in 1871-72-75 and 1876. lie was appointed Draft Commissioner in 18C2; was chosen to repre.sent his district in the Wisconsin Assem- bly in 1869; and for over twenty-live years was Court Commissioner of Waukesha County. For many years he was President of the Board of Trus- tees of Carroll College; and was a charter member of the Congregational Church, being one of its pil- lars. With the Abolition movement and with the Under-ground Railroad he was prominently iden- tified. During all his residence here he was in every respect one of the foremost citizens. His life, both in ])ublic and private, was irreproachable and was characterized by the strictest integrity and honor. He \yas public-spirited, with a conserva- tive tendency, that made his opinions of value, and his advice eminently safe. Among his legal associates, as well as by the public in general, he was highly esteemed, being known to nearly ever}' person of mature years in the county. Mr. Tichenor was an old man, and years had begun to press upon hin), but his death was a sad loss to the public, as well as to many personal friends, llis good wife hail preceded him to the spirit world but a short time. About a year prior to his death, Mr. Tichenor associated with him in the practice of law his grandson, N'ernoii II. Tich- enor, a ca))able young lawyer, now a member of the firm of Armin it Tichenor. Mr. Tichenor left two children, Willis \". and Mary C. The former, who came with his parents to this county while an infant, dro|)ped his work as a law student to enter the service of his country, on the -2 1st of August, 1862, becoming a member of Company O, Twenty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry. He was mus- tered in as ."x'cond Lieutenant, and on the 3(>th v( March, 1864, \Ya.s made Captain of his company, ' which position he held until mustered out on the 23d of August, 1865. He married Miss Helen K. Howard and to them have been born two chil- dren, Vernon IL, a g'-aduate of the Wisconsin .State University in the Class of '91, whose name has been before mentioned, and Charlotte S. On the death of Hon. Vernon Tichenor a meet- ing of the Waukesha County Bar was held at the court room, where appropriate addresses were made by A. Cook, .ludge M. S. (Jriswold, Hon. K. S. Turner, Hon. I). H. Sumner, Judge P. H. Carney, T. W. Ilaight, T. E. Ryan, T. W. Parkinson, Col. W. Parks, D. .1. Hemlock, E. Merton, W. 11. rhom.-is, C. E. Armin, and Judge A. Scott Sloan, who pre- sided over the meeting, all attesting the ability, character and worth of the deceased. JOHN IlOWITTisone of the well known edu- cators of Waukesha County, having made this his home for thirty-eight years. The family from which this gentleman springs had its origin in England. Kainilv tradition says that three brothers emigrated from that country to Scotland. Andrew Howitt, the father of the gen- tleman whose name heads this account, is a direct descendant from one of those brothers, and was born in A^'rshire, where he grew to manhood and married Miss Agues McKerrow, a native of the same shire. About 1825, they emigrated to Can- ada, and subsequently to the town of Avon, Liv- ingston County, X. V. Mr. Howitt was a machin- ist by trade, but after coming to the United Slates chielly devoted himself to agricultural pursuits. In Livingston County he became quite an exten- sive farinei'. In 1856, he removed with his family to this county and settled in the town t)f Lisbon, where he and his wife spent the remainder of their days. Both were active workers in the Presbyter- ian Church, and were much beloved in the com- munity in which they resided. Being well edu- cated and thoroughly informed on all the living issues, Mr. Howitt took a deep interest in political affairs, adhering unswervingly to the principlesof 518 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. the HepiiMiean party. The family of this estima- ble coup!*! coii!>i>te(1 of ten chililieii, five sons and five daugiiters. Tliree of the boys served the Union cause during the late war; Janies, as a member of the Missouri Stale Militia; George, in the Thirt^'- third Missouri Iiifaiitiy, and Andrew in the Tenth Wisconsin Infantry. The last two died in the service, the former at Helena, Ark., and the latter at Elizabethtown, Ky. .lames survived the war, and is now a fanner of Einpiiv I'rairic. Mo. The remaining children are, Matthew, a farmer and miller of Pewaukee; Elizabeth, wife of William Simpson, a farmer of the town of Lisbon; .Jane, who died in Waukesha; Mary, who married Will- iam Weaver. and died in the town of Lisbon; Jean- nctte, who liecnmc the wife of .Joseph Cook, and died in Waiike-lia December!), 1891; Agnes, who became the wife of A. Rodgers, and died aged about sixty years, and .lohn, who completes the family. John Howitt was born April .'ill, ItSlS, in the town of Avon, Livingston County. N. Y. As he was but thirteen years old when bis parents emi- grated to this county, he might be considered al- most a iiroduct of Wisconsin. His early life was devoted to labor on the farm and attendance at the district school. Later he became a student in Carroll College, and finally at the State Univer- sity. Returning to this county he engaged in teaching school during the winter season, and farming in the summer time until 1875, when he was chosen .as County Superintendent of Schools, whicii position he filled ably and satisfactorily for eleven years, giving his undivided attention to the work. During his admini,>trati()n he did much to systematize the course of study for the district scliools and to elevate the standard of teaching. In 1878 Mr. Howitt in partnership with his brother, Matthew, purchased the mills at Mukwon- ago, and after carrying them on together for sev- eral years, the former became sole proprietor and has continued to conduct the business there since, though for the past seventeen years he has made his home in Waukesha. A strong believer in Uepublican principles, Mr. Howitt does all in his power for the success of the party advocating them. He is also an active worker in the Presbyterian Church. Perhaps there is not a man better known in Waukesha Conntj', and few men have a firmer hold on the confidence and esteem of their felbnv-citizens than he.

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C A »ji|j,iAM WEAVER, .Second. This V/ V/ sturdy' farmer is too well known to • the people of Waukesha County to need any special introduction, since this has been his home for over a half-century. Mr. Weaver is a native of the county of Sussex, England, where his birth occurred October 3, 1824, being the third child ilia family iniml)eringsixteen children whose parents were Hon. .lames and Elizabeth (Fielder) Weaver. When a lad of only five summers he accompanied his parents to America, and after a residence of eight years in New York, came to the territory of Wisconsin in 1837. The trip was made on the old vessel '-.Tulia Palmer" by way of the (ireat Lakes to Milwaukee. As no pier had yet been constructed the passengers, as well as their goods, were brought to shore at the mouth of Milwaukee Kiver by means of an old Hat bot- tomed boat. As Mr. Weaver remembers it, there were not more than a hundred temporary houses in the village at that date; while the onl3' means of crossing the river was by a ferry-boat drawn by hand, along a rope stretched from shore to shore. Where the great railroad depots, the prin- cipal factories and Pabst's brewery now stand was a tamarack swamp made joyous at evening by the croaking of hundreds of frogs. East Water and Wisconsin Streets were the principal thoroughfares. He often saw the great Indian trader, Solomon Juneau, whose name is a household word tbrough- ont Wisconsin. All the industries that go to make AVisconsin one of the greatest states in the Union have sprung up since his arrival here. The screech of the steam engine, the click of the tele- graph, the "hello" of the telephone, the sound of a church or school bell had not as yet been heard within its borders. When Mr. Weaver's father enleied huid iii Lis- bon Township there were but three log houses to be seen in the town. The first habitation of the PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 510 Weaver family was a cabin having a Brc-place ex- tending nearly acroso one end, and covered witli a sliake roof. As not !i furrow li:id been turned the older Mr. Wciivcr set liiniself zeukiusl}- to improve a f.iriu. Tlie hospitable homes of the pioneers furnished places for keepiiiij school and conduct- ing church services, as well as for enjoying social intercourse. Mr. Weaver has seen many Indians with their ponies, papoosts and squaws pass in single lile the home of his father. They were never troublesome however, as ihcy belonged to the friendly Winnebago and I'oltawalaniie tribes. They were ever ready to exchange the product of the chase for the product of tlie white man's toil. !\Ir. Weaver says that for a pot of potatoes he could get a large buck's pelt. These liard^' pio- neers harvested their first grain witli the old Eng- lish sickle, and to this dny the subject of this ar- ticle bears a scar on his left hand made by one of them. After a time a wonderful invention was made, the four-fingered cradle. Threshing was done in those days by clearing off a patch of ground, spreading the grain thereon and beating it out with a Hail. Instend of the modern fanning- niill the grain was cleaned by being tossed in the air to let the wind blow away the chaff. The breaking plows were drnwn by o.xen, and when they needfd sharpening it was necessary to take them to I'rairieville, a distance of ten miles. In fact, oxen were about the oidy means of locomo- tion, while the vehicle used was nearly' ahv.ays a sled or a cart. The roads were tortuous, winding through forests and around swamps, and where a soft piece of ground w-as to be crossed a corduroy road was constructed. Mr. Weaver located in this county nine years before it was set off from Milwaukee County; he witnessed the erection of the first schoolhouse that was built in the town of Lisbon, it being made of stone and located on section 36. His father's house, which stood on the same section, was the first meeting place for the communicants of the English Episcopal Church, and at the or- ganization of that society, the house being too small, the congregation assembled in the barn, the choir occupying a lofty position in the hay- mow. Bishop Kemper had charge of the work iu baud, which was suddenly brought to a standstill: the strains of the choir so strained the floor of the loft that it gave way, precii)itating the singers to the ground below. Mr. Weaver has made agriculture his chief call- ing in life. Ills education is of the practical kind, mostly ac<iuired by reading and observation. When a youth he worked in his father's sawmill, and after attaining his majority, being haiid^' with tools, he helped to erect many of the houses an<l barns in the community. When Air. Weaver began life for himself his only capital was a |)air of willing bands and the indefatigable industry for which the English peo|)lc are noted. His first venture as the owner of real estate was the pur- chase of forty acres of wild land on section 20. >No improvements of any sort had been made, but during the first winter he succeeded in clearing ten acres which he sowed to wheat the following spring. In order to meet the payments he had to borrow money, paying twenty-five per cent. i)er annum for the use of the same. Later he pur- chased another forty for i!500, going in debt for it. .\ fertile soil rewarded his untiring efforts with abundant harvests so that he was enabled to meet his obligations as fast as they came due. Mr. Weaver has been twice married; his first wife, to whom he was united in 185.'?, bore the maiden name of Mary Howitt, and was a native of Scotland. Six children were born to this union, two sons and four daughters, of whom two are de- ceased. The oldest living, .Jennie, is a bookkeeper at Racine. Mary, the next, makes her home in the .same city. George, who graduated at Rush Medical College, of Chicago, is a successful physician and surgeon of that city, and is also an in- structor in the laboratory of his Alma Mater. On the 3d of January, 1874, Mrs. Weaver, who was born on the 17th of October, 1828, passed to the spirit world. Ten years later, on the 2ytli of Jan- uary, the subject of this article wedded Miss F. Louise Pettias, a native of New York. Nettie Louise, who is the onh' child of this marriage, is being educated in the public schools of Sussex. Mr. Weaver cast his first Presidential vote for James K. Polk, and since that time has been a warm advocate of the principles held by the Democratic party. He lia.s served as Cbairniau of his town, and lins ever been an active woiker, and one in wlioni tiie people reposed the utmost con- fidence. He lias ever taken a deep interest in pub- lic cduealioii, and has given his cliildren the best school advantages. Both Mr. and Mrs. Weaver are members of .St. Alban's Parish at .Sussex, in which the former has been serving as Vestryman since its organization, and as Warden for many years. In everything lliat pertains to the best interests of society he is ever found ready to do his part. Possessed of am|)le means, the subject of this biography is living retired in Sussex. In con- nection with farnjing he has been extensively en- gaged in the hop business for thirty jears, being associated willi his brother, Richard, under the firm title of R. Weaver & Bro. They began op- erations in 1853, and increased their trade until it amounted to $600,000 in 1882. Being widely known as men of integrity, their credit was al- most unbounded, and their success phenomenal. Mr. Weaver has truly been the architect of his own fortune, beginning his career in a little frame house 16x24 feet in size, which is still standing, and having a mortgage on the forty acres sur- rounding it; lie has risen to a place among the men of wealth in Lisbon Township.

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JOHN  SMALL,, one of the enterprising young farmers of Lisbon Township, living on section 21, is a native of Waukesha Coun- ty. He was born March 22, 1859, and is the only child of Hon. William and Margaret (Marsh- all) .Small, who are rc^piesented elsewhere in this work. He acquired a good education in the com- mon scIkioIs, which was supplemented by study in Carroll College. He was reared U) the occupation of farming and has made that his life work. M'. Small remained with his parents until his marriage, which was celebrated May 12, 1881, Miss Ida J. Elliott becoming his wife. She was born in this county, February 2fi, 18(;i, was edu- cated in the Su.sse.x schools, and for some years successfully engaged in teaching. Three children graced the union of our subject and his wife: Will- iam (Jeorge, who died at the age of six months and sixteen days; Allen H., who was born April 25, 1885; and Isabel M.. December 2, 189.3. Mr. Small is a warm advocate of Republican principles, and is one of four men known on ac- count of the earnest work which they do for their party, as the "Big Four," the other three being, .John A. Rodgers, .lames Teinplelon, AV. H. Ed- wards and.Iohn R. .Small, of Lisbon Township. His first Presidential vote was cast for .lames A. Car- field. His fellow-townsmen, appreciating his worth and ability, have frequentl}' called upon him to serve in positions of public trust. He was for two terms Township Clerk, was Chairman of the Town Board two terms, was District Clerk twelve years, and in all these oKlces has discharged his duties with a promptness and fidelity which have won him universal commendation. Socially he is a mem- ber of the Modern Woodmen of America, and for three 3'ears was Venerable Counsel of Morris Camp.  Both he and his wife are members of the Episcopal Cimrch of Sussex, of whicli tiie Hev. L. P. Holmes is Hector. The greater part of his lime and attention Mr. Small now devotes to the cultivation of his eighty-acre farm, which is pleasantly. located a mile west of Susse.v, and he is regarded as one of the leading agriculturists of the commu- nity.

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©HAKLKS A. HOSE, one of the enterprising and progressive citizens of Lisbon Town- ship, who carries on farming and the dairy business on section '.t, has the lionoi' of being a na- tive of Waukesha County. He was born August 29, 1855, and is the only child of Albert and Catherine (Innes) Hose. The fatiier was a native of New England, followed agricultural pursuits throughout his life and died in J855. His mother is still living in Chippewa P'ails, Wis. Charles A. Hose was reared in his native ct)untv, and the public schools .afforded him his education- al i)rivileges. He started out In life for himself at the age of eighteen, and when he purchased his farm he thereby contracted an indebtedness of ^J I, - 500, but he was energetic and industrious and h.as made the most of his opportunities through life, so that he is now comfortably situated. Indolence and idleness are foreign to liis nature and as the result of his persistt^nt efforts and good manage- ment he is now the owner of one hundred and (ifty-five acres of land on sections 1 and 9, l>isl)on Township, of which one hundred .acres are undera high state of cultivation. Mr. Hose w.as married February "i'i, 1882, to Miss Margaret Davidson, who was born and reared in Sussex, Wis., and is a daughter of A. L. and Mar- garet (dray) Davidson, early settlers of Lisb(ui Township. They have two children. Edith M., a bright little maiden now attending school, and Kittie I., at home. Thejr residence is a neat and pretty country dwelling, a credit to the Qomniuni- ty and in the household hospitality reigns su- preme. In connection with general farming Mr. Ho.se is engaged in the dairv business, and sells the prod- ucts of his dairy in Milwaukee and Menf)monee Falls, where he linds a good market for the same. In politics he has been a stanch Hepublican since casting his lirst Presidential vote for H. 15. Hayes, and ha.s fre(|uently served as delegate to the con- ventions of his |)arty. He has also be(!n called upon to fill public ollices of honor and trusi. He has been a member of the School Board for five years, and the cause of education finds in him a warm friend who has done n)ucli to advance its interests. At tiie election In the spring of 1894 he was chosen As.sessor of the township, and is now discharging the duties of that otiice in a i>rompt and capable manner. Socially he is a member of liark Hiver Camp No. 1.307, M. W. A. of Merton, Wis., of which he is now Worthy Advisor, lie has many friends in Waukesha County and is highly respected by all.

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HENRY R. SAVAGE (deceased) was a well known pioneer of Waukesha County. He was a native of Great Barrington, Mass., where he was born May 11, 1822. When he was a mere child, his parents emigrated to western New York, and settled in Monroe County, resid- ing first in llu^ town of Chili, but afterward re- moved to Chuichville Township. Mr. Savage was educated and grew to manhood in Monroe Coun- ty, and was there married in 1842, to Miss Sarah A. Hawley. Two years after their marriage the young couple came to the territory of Wisconsin and located on a farm in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County. About a year after coming to Wisconsin, Mr. Savage was bereft by death of lii.^ wife and their 3oung babe. He was an active worker in the church and was especially useful in leading the singing. He prom- ised the congregation that if they would excuse him six weeks he would return and bring with him an alto singer. Accordingly he went back to New York, and on the lllli of M.ay, 184(), wedded Miss Fidelia E. Tuller. Accompanied by his young bride he again came to his western home. The first Sunday they went to church in a borrowed buggy and everybody gazed at thern inordinately, as a buggy and a bride were rare objects of attrac- tion in those early days. After the Hist Sunday they went in an ox wagon, ami tliougli the cliurcli was four miles distant lliey were never late. The oxen were chained to a stump while Elder Palmer would preach one of his long sermons. By that time the beasts were so restless and anxious to go home that Mr. Savage could not trunt himself in the wagon, but would have to walk or run at their side. Mrs. Savage thought if they could only have a span of horses she would be perfectly satis- lied, iie\er dreaming of being able to own and ride in a buggy. Mrs. Savage was born in Mtniroe County, N. \'., Octolier .'51, 1823. By this union three children were born, one son and two daugh- ters. The latter are Ida R., wife of Dr. J. E. Bacon, of Waukesha, and Cora E.. wife of C. A. Mead, of Liiverne, Minn. Their only son died in infancy. In the spring of 1884, Mr. Savage sold his farm and removed to Waukesha, where his death occur- red .Taniiary 10, 1802. He was a man well known and esteemed as a citizen. Retiring in manner, he was never ambitious for public proiiiiiienee; on the contrary, preferred the (piieter walks of life, finding his greatest enjoyment and comfort in the society and happiness of his family. Politically Mr. Savage was identilied with the Republican part\'. He lilled numerous local otiices, and was ever active in any work calculated to benefit his community. In his religious connection, he, like all of his family, was a faithful and consistent member of the Baptist Church. His last illness was a long and

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ROBERT W. BROWN, a prosperous farmer '^A and stockman of the town of l/isbon, is a scion of one of the pioneer families of Waukesha Count}'. He is a native of this county, his birth occurring on the 3d of August, 1848. He is the second in a family numbering five children, of whom two sons and two daughters are still liv- ing. His parents, Robert, Sr., and Lucretia (West) Brown, are spoken of elsewhere in this work. The early life of the subject of this biography was spent on his father's farm and in attendance at the pub- lic schools. Since reaching manhood he has been wholly occujiied with farming an<l stock-raising. On the .')th of January, 1881, he was united in mar- riage with Miss Mary A. Taylor, a native of the town of Pewaukee. Four daughters were born of this union, but one of them h.as passed awa}- The living are Maude B., Blanche C. and Ruth T. The two eldest are in sclif>ol,and Ruth, the young- est, is the sunl)eam of the household. The mother of this famil}' was Imni .luly 27. 18u4, and is a daughter of William and Barbara (Capslitk) Tay- lor, who had a large family of children, of whom five are living. Mr. Taylor was a native of York- shire. England, where he made his home till he emigrated to this country. His death occurred in 188(). Politically Mr. Brown is a Democrat. His first vote was cast for .Samuel J. Tilden, since which time he has supported the nominees of his party. Aside from serving as School Director and Trea.s- urcr, he has never accei)ted any otilcial position. The Brown estate of Lisbon Township comprises one hundred and eighty-five acres of land, on which stand a g(Jod residence, barns and other out- buildings. Its thrifty owner also owns eighty . acres in Eau Claire County, Wis., one liunflred and twenty acres in Conway County, Ark., besides much valuable stock. He is making a specialty of the Red Polled or Norfolk cattle, and is the only breeder of them in his township, and one of a very few in the county. His success as a finan- cier has been achieved by carefully looking after the details of his business and exercising good judgment.

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SILAS AINSWORTH. One of the grand cy^ old pioneer settlers of Lisbon Township IS the gentleman who heads this memoir- All honor is due those who braved the hardships and adversities incident to life in a new country, in order to make a home for themselves and their posterity, and especially should those who have aided in perfecting this beautiful and picturesque county of Waukesha receive the highest commen-dation from those who are to enjoy the best fruits of their years of toil and jirivation. Mr. Ainsworlh comes from good old Knglish and New England ancestry, being a son of Thomas and Hannah (Converse) Ainswortli. He was born in Stafford, (iencsee County, N. Y., April 27, 1817, and was the youngest in a family numbering two sons and a daughter, of whom but one other sur- vives, William, who is living a retired life at Wheaton, Du Pago County, 111. He is married and m has one son. The father, Thomas Ainsworth, was a native of Derbyshire, England, and by occupa- tion was a sailor on a British man-of-war. The mother of our subject died when he was a very small child, and at the age of one and a-half years he went to make his home with a family by the name of Norton, in (Genesee County, N. \., where he was reared. He received but a common school education, and whatever advantages were enjoyed by him were made possible through his (,wn"efforts. He grew up to the life of a farmer, and thus far that occupation has been his chosen work. Until his majority he remained in the home of Mr. Norton, but soon after that event be- o-an life on his own responsibility. " On the 19th of October, 1837, Mr. Ainsworth wedded Miss Roxanna Robe.a native of Simsbury, Conn., born ,1 une 30, 1 8 1 6. Mrs. Ainsworth 's an- cestors came from Scotland and settled in Con- necticut, where she lived until the age of eighteen years. To this union five children, four boys and one girl, were born. Henry Norton, the eldest, was a soldier in the late Civil War, having enlisted at Madison, Wis., in the i'lrst Wisconsin Cavalry. He was sent to Tennessee with the forces, and participated in some actions. In a skirmish he received a wound in the arm, whicii disabled him to such an extent that he was sent to the hospital at Memphis, Tenn., where he died of paralysis of the heart. He was a bright young man, having been educated in Carroll College, and at Wayland Academy at Beaver Dam. He was one of Waukesha County's successful teachers, and at the time of his enlistment cancelled an en- gagement to teach in order to enter the service of his country. Roderick, the nexl, superintends his father's estate. Clara, the only daughter, was educated at Normal University, Normal, 111., fin- ishing in the Episcopal Ladies' Seminary atOcono- mowoc, after which she taught in the schools of this county. She became the wife of Dr. (t. T. Loomis, deceased, of Minneapolis, Minn., who graduated from Michigan University, and was a successful physician and surgeon. Dr. Loomis left three children, Delmar, May and Ella. The next child in Mr. Ainsworth's family, Arthur, died in childhood, while the youngest, Everett, passed away at the age of nine years. Mrs. Ains- worth died" on the 28th of February, 1801, after a married life of more than fifty years. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Ainsworth rented land for a time, but in 1839, accompa- nied by his brother, William, he turned his face toward the west, purposing to secure a location in Illinois. They started with a team and wagon, by which they came to Buffalo, where they shipped unwittingly aboard a vessel that was running away from the officers. When the boat touched at Toledo, Mr. Ainsworth and his brother took their horses on shore to give them a short rest, and while there were arrested for debt. They were about to be carried back to Buffalo, and were only prevented by the prompt action of Mr. Ains- worth, who hurried up town in search of an offi- cer. Fortunately he at once met one, and with him went before a Justice of the Peace and se- cured papers of detention, with which he hastened back to the vessel and stopped the Captain at once, when he, his brother, and other passengers were' transferred to another ship, on which they went to Detroit. From there they went to Chi- cago, or Ft. Dearborn, by train, where they rested one night on an eminence that stood on the site of the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, which was then a waste of sand hills and marsh. The only streets in the then village were Lake and South Water, while there were as yet no bridges across the Chicago River. At that time the streets and surrounding country for eight miles was low and wet, and in the opinion of our subject lacked everything that would make it a desirable place of settlement. At Warrenville, about thirty miles away, the Ainsworths had a sister living, and thither wended their way. William Ainsworth at once began work with his brother-in-law, while Silas went to work with his team on the Henne- pin Canal. He has been up and down the whole length of that water-way, and was in that country before they had a railroad. Remaining in Illinois from Mav till November, Mr. Ainsworth then re- turned to New York by way of the Great Lakes. Before departing for his home in the east, he disposed of his team, the man promising to pay him when he should come back to Illinois, but by ^^^^i^^-o/O) PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 577 that time the purchaser had disappeared, and he was the loser. In the fall of 1810, Mr. Ainsworth returned to Illinois with his wife, where lie worked as a renter for some time. However, he was not very suc- cessful, and in February. 1844. removed to AVau- kesha County, where for IIU he bought an eigiity acre claim, on which stood a partially finished log cabin. His capital on arriving in this county con- sisted o( fourteen head of cattle, which he had driven from Illinois. This start was made by cut- ting and splitting fifteen thous.Hnd rails and doing Other work. Mr. Ainsworth became a resident of Wisconsin a number of years before it was admit- ted into the Ihiion.and some two years before the present county of Waukesha was set off from that of Milwaukee. Their principal market was Mil- waukee, to whicii he had many times hauled wheat that sold at fifty cents a bushel. On these trips he drove ox teams, and was out all da^- and all night ere he reached home. Indians still inhabited this section of the country, often p.issing their humble home. Mr. Ainsworth was an energetic and un- tiring worker, and in those early days could cradle grain with anybody, he being an expert in swing- ing that instrument. Politically Mr. Ainsworth was an old line Whig, and well remembers the Harrison and Tyler cam- paign of 1840. On the rise of the Republican party he joined its ranks, voting for the first can- didate put forward — John C.Fremont. In an of- ficial capacity he has served as Assessor and Su- pervisor of Lisbon, and when Waukesha County was organized took an active interest. Mr. Ains- worth aided in organizing the first school district in his part of the township, and in the erection of the first schoolhouse, as well as the first Haptisl Church, in tins part of the county, was prominently identified. He is a respecter of all moral and re- ligious teachings. A Master Mason, he belongs to Hark River Lodge No. IG'J. When Mr. Ainsworth came to Illinois in 1840, he had for a capital, as he says, a sick wife and child, half a barrel of whitefish, and iji5 in money. From this small beginning he has accumulated till he owns a good farm of one hundred and twenly-five acres, which is under a high state of cultivation, with good buildings thereon. His declining years are being spent on his old home- stead with his son Roderick, and though (piite ad- vanced in life, being on the day that this bio- graphy was written, April 27, 1894, seventy-seven, the years rest lightly on his shoulders. Numbered among the earliest pioneers, Mr. Ainsworth has been closely identified with the various interests of his town and county. Honorable and upright in all the walks of life, he enjoys the esteem of a wide circle of friends and acquaintances.

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JAMES TEMPLETON. Since IH 13 this gen- tleman has Iteen a resident of Waukesha County, Wis., the time of his coming hav- ing been five years before the admission of the state into the Union, lie is a native of the town of Avon, Genesee County, N. Y., born Octo- ber •2H. 184 2. and is the eldest of the two sons of Andrew and Agnes (llowitl) Tempieton. The other, Andrew, passed hia boyhood in the old home in the town of Lisbon, but in 18(i4 turned his face westward and is now living a retired life in Denver, Colo., having engaged very successfully in business. He wedded a Michigan lady and has one daughter. The father was a native of lionnie Scotland, his birthplace being near the city of Kil- marnock, lie was reared as a common lal)orer. but through his own efforts secured a liberal edu- cation. Like a dutiful son, he gave his services to his father, who died at the advanced age of one hundred and two years. After the death of his father he decided to try his fortune over the sea, and in .accordance witli that decision, in 1839 he bade adieu to his boyhood home and took passage on a sailing-vessel bound for Canada. (Joing to Lockporl, N. V., he was employed for a time on the Erie Canal, lie afterward settled in Genesee County, where his marriage with Miss Agnes Ilowitt was solemnized, lie and his wife were both members of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, that being the established church of .Scotland. In 1813 Andrew Tempieton, accompanied by his wife and our subject, who was an infant of but six months, came to Wisconsin. The trip to Mil- waukee was made hy way of the (ireat Lakes. Coming direct to Waukesha County he located CD section 28, in the town of Lisbon, where be secured one hundred and sixty acres of wild land. The cabin home erected on this place was six logs high, covered with a -'shake roof" and had a mud and stick chimney; it was lighted by one window, while one door furnished the means of ingressand egress. Indians were |ilentiful and often the good wife of this primitive home fed them at her door. One day an old Indian took her son James up in his arms and carried him (juile a distance from llie house before he let him go. Her brother, .lames Ilowitt, more than once supplied the table with prairie chickens shot with a rillc from the one lit- tle windr)w in their home. Mr. Tempieton carried on his farm work by the aid of two ox-teams, but the task of clearing and improving his land was soon laid down never to be resumed. In .lunc, 1846, he passed from among the living, leaving his wife with two small ehildren to care for. .She married again about 185(1, becoming the wife of Archibald Rodgcrs. .lames 'I'empleton was deprived of a father's love and protection at the early age of four years, and was thereby soon thrown largely upon hisown responsiliililies. What educational advantages he enjoyed were furnished by the .schools of tlio.se times, he and his brother being pupils for a time in the old log schoolliouse in the town of Lisbon. This primary education, which was most meagre, has been broadened by reading and by contact with the business world. Mr. Tempieton was reared as a farmer boy, but on reaching his ma- jority commenced to learn the miller's trade with lienjamin Hoorman, in whose employ he remained two years. At tlic time of beginning his trade he had not a surplus dollar to his name, his only cap- ital consisting of a strong constitution and a sturdy determination to succeed. On completing his time with Mr. Uoorman, Mr. Tempieton went to Neosha, Kan., in 1865, where he spent the following win- ter in a mill. In 18GG he crossed the plains to Denver, Colo., to join his brother, whom he found located in a cabin in the mountains, thirty-eight miles from the city. On arriving there he had *150 left. In company with his brother he engaged in herding stoc-k until 18(;8. when he returned to tliis county. Mr. Tempieton was married September 1, 1868, 584 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. to Miss Esther A. Cooling, by whom he has had two cliildren, Andrew R. and Cora Etta. The former, vvlio is associated with his father in the grain business, wedded, September 6, 1893, Miss May .Tones, a native of Waukeslia County, and a daughter of .John C. and Gr.ace (Hughes) Jones, who emigrated from Wales to this county, locat- ing in the town of Delafield, where Mr. Jones carried on • the trade of a carpenter and joiner. Mr.Templeton has given his children good oppor- tunities for education, the son having taken a course at tiic Milwaukee Business College, and the daugliter special instruction in music. In addi- tion to assisting his father in the grain business the son is si)ecial agent for the .Etna Life Insur- ance Company, whicli is one of llio most substan- tial in this country. In 18!t:5 In- was Clerk of the town of Lisbon. Politically Mr. Templeton is a true-blue Hepub- lican, having cast his first Presidential vote for Lincoln, while his son first supported F.enjamin Harrison. He has often been called upon to rep- resent his fellow-ciiizens in state and county con- ventions, where he has proved an intluential and energetic worker. He has also been chosen Chair- man of the Town Board, and has been a school official for a nunilter of years, being a warm friend of public education. In the Independent Order of Odd Fellows lie has passed through all the chairs to the encani))ment. The year after his return from Colorado, the subject of this sketch embarked in the mercantile business at Sussex and continued until 1888, when he removed to his present location in Templeton. His well .assorted stock of dry goods, groceries, boots and shoes is well suited to the demands of the country. On establishing himself in Sussex he was made l)ei)uty Postmaster, and in 1874 re- ceived a commission as Postmaster of the village, the ollice issuing both registered letters and money orders. In addition to merchandising Mr. Tem- pleton and his son are dealing extensively in grain under the lirm nanie of Templeton A Son. Their business amounts to about ^1'2.5,0()0 annually, and the grain handled by them runs from one hundred and twenty-five thousand to two hundred and twenty-live thou.sand bushels, making a specialty of barle3-. They also deal in salt and feed. They have a well appointed elevator at Templeton, which was erected in 1887 at a cost of ^8,000, and which is run by a twenty-horse-power engine. During the month of August alone, in 1890, the business amounted to over ^16,000. Thej- also handle from forty to fifty thousand bushels of grain at Van Dyne, Fond du Lac County, Wis., the business having been established there in 1891. Mrs. Templeton was born March 29, 1846, in the village of Susses, Lisbon Township, being a daughter of Richard and Mary E. (White) Cooling. The former, who was born in Dorsetshire, England, August 19, 1813, died in Waukesha County, April 29, 1881. The latter, born April 4, 1820, in Ver- mont, died in this county October 2f), 1874. In 1838 Mr. Cooling came to America, and after spending some years at Oeneseo, Livingston Coun- ty, N. Y., came to Wisconsin in 1842, locating at Sussex, where he resided until his death. B}- trade he was a bl.acksmith, though for some fifteen years he was engaged in mercantile pursuits. He was a leading member of the Episcopal Church, ever ready to serve in any capacity to which duty called him. Mrs. Templeton is also an active worker in the same church, belonging to St. Al- ban's Parish, .Sussex. Mr. Templeton is one of the most enterprising business men of Lisbon Townshi[). He has no lea- son to be ashamed of what he has achieved through industry, close application and the exerci.se of good judgment. Mr.Templeton is one of the "Big Four" in the Lisbon Republican politics, the other gen- tlemen being John A. Rodgers, John K. Small and W. H. Edwards.

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MRS. ELIZABETH R. (MARTIN) CHAMPEN Y has been a resident of Waukesha County since 1846, and has therefore been an eye-witness of the many wonderful changes that have been made in this part of the country during the last half-century. The ladies of our nation, no less than the men, have performed an important part in its history; in this county among those who participated in the events incident to pioneer life may be mentioned the lady whose name appears at the head of tliis article. Mrs. Champeny is a native of Somersetshire, England, born June 12, 1824, and w:is the fifth in a family comprising five sons and four daughters. The parents, Thomas and Maria (Russell) Martin, were natires of the same shire. The father, who was a farmer by occupation, was boin on the 21st of March, 1791, and died in England February 23, 1879, aged eighty-seven years. Of their children. Mrs. Champeny and one brother, James Russell Martin, alone survive. The latter, who grew to manhood in his native country, is a successful merchant in the city of Mclhourne, Australia. Mrs. Champeny' spent her girlhood and youth in England, and on reaching maturity became the wife of Edward Chami)eny. their union being solemnized at Priddy Wells, Somersetshire, England, on the 28th of April, 1846. Mr. Champeny was born in Somersetshire, England, on the 16th of September, 1816, and died at his home in Waukesha County, Wis., September 7, 1891. Deciding to try his fortune in the New World, in 1842 he bade adieu to home and friends, and sailed from 19 Bristol for New York, arriving at the latter port after a voyage of six weeks. Coming direct to the territory of Wisconsin by way of the Erie Canal and the Great Lakes, he landed at the ham- let of Milwaukee, that being before any pier had been constructed. After prospecting for a location he selected a claim of eighty acres; it was wild land and covered with timber. He immediately began to improve his property and remained here till about the fall of 1845, when he returned to England, where he wedded Miss Elizabeth R. Martin, as above stated. Soon after their marriage the young couple turned their faces toward the home in the far away Wisconsin, almost five thousand miles distant, taking passage on a sailing-vessel bound for New York. After a voyage of three weeks' duration they landed in the United States, and on the 28th of June, 1846, arrived at Sussex. Mr. and Mrs. Champeny began their domestic life in a log cabin. Like their neighbors, it was a primitive affair, board partitions dividing the interior into rooms, but they made of it a cozy and comfortable home in which some of the happiest days of their lives were passed. Their first grain was harvested with the old fashioned four-fingered cradle, and In harmony with the times other kinds of farm labor were carried on. Mr. Champeny followed agricultural pursuits until 1852, at which time he engaged in general merchandising in Sus- sex, continuing in that line until 1884, when he disposed of his business to A. J. Elliott. A Democrat in politics, Mr. Champeny was called upon by that party to serve in various offi- cial positions; he was Side-Supervisor and Asses- sor. In religious belief, he and his wife and family were members of St. Alban's Parish in Sussex. Af- ter walking side by side for almost a half-century, Mrs. Champeny was called upon to mourn the death of her husband, who passed away on the 7th of September, 1891. He was a man universally respected, a kind and loving father and husband. Mr. and Mrs. Champeny were the parents of seven sons and three daughters, five of whom are living, in 1894, namely: Anna M., who was educa- ted in the public schools and the Young Ladies' Seminary of Milwaukee, is at home; T. M., who is 598 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. the next, is a successful business man of the town of Lisbon; Frank G., who was educated in the White "Water Normal, is engaged in mercantile business at Mitchell, S. Dak.; Charles C, the next, is associated with his brother, Edwin C, in business in Mitchell; Edwin C. is also living in that city. Mrs. Champeny with her daughter, Anna M., is living a retired life in her comfortable home in the village of Sussex, where she hopes to spend the evening of life, surrounded by hosts of warm friends.

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IRA BENJAMIN ROWELL, an early settler and a prominent business man of Waukesha County, was born in Naples, Ontario County, N. Y., January 19, 18.'}3. His parents, Ira and Lucy Maria (Ford) Rowell, were also natives of the Empire State. In early life his father learned the plow manufacturing business, and after work- ing for others for some time, established himself in the same line of work, which he carried on in a small way until liis emigration westward. Ilcalso owned and operated a small farm. From his home in Livingston County, whither he had moved, Mr. Rowell, accompanied by his family, started by team and wagon for Buffalo, N. Y., in company with half a dozen others. Having crossed Lake Erie, they continued the overland journey, com- ing by way of the villages of Chicago and Milwaukee. At Wauwatosa Mr. Rowell left his family with a friend until he could locate a tract of land, as his purpose was to engage in agriculture. This was in 1842, which makes Mr. Rowell one of the pioneers of this section. In the town of Lisbon, near Lake Five, he purchased at the Government price one hundred and eighty-six acres of heavily timbered land. While a crude cabin was being erected, the Rowell family, consisting of parents and eight children, lived in their wagon. The first cabin gave way to a large hewed log house, which in turn was supplanted by a good frame residence. Their first home stood not more than two rods from the old Chicago and Winnebago In- dian trail. In their passage back and forth the redmen often stopped at Mr. Rowell's and some- times became an annoyance. .Mrs. Howell, a woman of undaunted courage, would with her broomstick drive the savages away. With the a,ssistancc of his sons, Mr. Howell de- veloped a good farm, on which he lived until late in life, when he moved to Hartford. There bis  wife died, and later he went to Menonionee Falls and spent Ins last days with his son George. Tliough not professing Christians, it would be hard to lind two better people than this pioneer couple. Politically, the husband was a strong Democrat until the rise of the Free Soil party, whose principles he heartily endorsed; later he be- came a stanch Republican. In the family of Mr. and Mrs. IJovvell were eleven children, three hav- ing been born after their arrival in this county, all of whom save one are living. The oldest, John K., is traveling salesman for I. B. Rowell & Co.; Lewis F. is a farmer of Lyon County, Minn.; E. Gilson is a horse breedei- of Hartford, Wis.; Ira B. comes next; Gilford D. is a partner in the Valley Iron Works at Appleton, Wis.; Mark M. resides at Grand Meadow, Minn.; A. Dwight is a partner in the Hartford Plow Works; Lucy Matilda wedded Michael Bush, and resides in Milwaukee; George W. belongs to the firm of I. B. Rowell &, Co.; Charles S. died when about five years old; and Horace V. is a dealei- in farm implements at Hart- ford. Ira B. Rowell was but a child of nine years when he became with his parents to Waukesha County. He had no chances for schooling, and what educa- tion he has was obtained by reading, observation and practical experience in the business world. At that early age he commenced to help in the work of clearing a farm by piling brush and in various other ways making lighter the labor of his father and older brothers. Like a dutiful son he gave his services to his father until twenty-one years of age. The father had established a shop for mak- ing i)lows some years after coming to this county, and in that the son familiarized himself with the business. In 1861 Mr. Rowell married Miss Eliza Osborn, and thereupon settled in Wauwatosa, where his wife died about eleven months later. Having lost his companion, he returned home, and in 1863 en- listed in a company called the Merton and I^isbon Invincibles, but as that company, as well as others, was not full it was necessary that they should be consolidated. This caused a surplus of oflicers, and notwithstanding the fact that the comi)any of Invincibles was much fuller than others, by skillful scheming its officers were dropped, and in conse- quence many of the boys refused to go. Had Mr Rowell been treated with any degree of justice, he would have been an oHicer in the volunteer serv- ice. The same 3'ear he went to California, b}' waj' of the Isthmus, and worked in a wagon shop at Mar^-sville. The following spring he continued his journey to Pioneer City, Idaho, in which place he was engaged in gold mining. From the gold dug with his own hands, he and his wife have souvenir rings. During seven months he never lost a day, in fact he gained a day by working over time. The gold which he received in payment for his services, he sent to Portland and traded for greenbacks, getting 12 for *1. In the year 18C.5 Mr. Rowell' returned by wagon, taking sixty-eight days to reach home, and with the exception of three nights he slept under no shelter of any description during the trip. On reaching the Black Hills, the United States sol- diers tried to prevent their coining farther for fear of massacre by the Indians, but the hardy miners, who had learned how to take care of themselves, had made up their minds to come home, and were not to be deterred even by uniformed men with glistening bayonets. On the 31st of .lanuaiy. 1866. the subject of this biography was again married, the lady of his choice being Miss Louisa Chipinan, a native of Merton Township, this counl3', and a daughter of John B. Chipman, one of the pioneers. For some two years after his marrige, Mr. Rowell operated the farm of his father-in-law. At that time Gil- ford D. Rowell, a brother of our subject, owned the shop established by his father south of Lake Five. With him became associated in business I. B. Rowell and A. D. Bradley. The shop was at once moved by teams to Menomonee Falls, where the citizens generously gave them a lot on which to place it. Some three years later the shop and contents burned, being practically an entire loss. Again the generosity of the citizens of that vil- lage manifested itself in helping to rebuild. About two years later I. B. Itowell and John Gray became sole' proprietors, the latter having acquired Brad- ley's interest previously. In 1880 the firm of I. B. Rowell 6i Co. was established, the members of  which are I. B. and G. W. Rowell, C. K. Schlafer and W. T. Camp. Tlicj' liavc a substantial factory and a lar<;e warcliousc in which they employ from liflcen to tvvent^'-five men in tiie manufaclurc of plows, cultivators, tedders and other farm imple- ments. For three years our subject was a jjartncr in the Menonionee Fails l^oller Mill Company. In addition to other interests, he owns seventy acres of land adjoining the village of Menomonec Falls. INIr. and Mrs. Rowell had a family of three chil- dren: Mable M., who became the wife of Myron Woldish, died December 3, 18'J3; Harry H. and Kdilli L. still malve their home with their parents. For nineteen years Mr. Rowell has been an hon- ored member of the Masonic fraternity, belonging to Lincoln Lodge No. 18.'5, of Menomonee Falls. His wife is an active worker in the Metliodist Epis- copal Church. Politically the former has been an uucomproniising Rc|(ulilican since casting his first Presidential vote for Fremont. Mr. Rowell is a genial, whole souled man, and has done a great deal toward advancing the business interests of Menomonee Falls.

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ST. ALBAN'S PARISH, Sussex, Wis. This <!-yj parish celebrated on the 2d and 3d of October, 18!)2, its fiftietli anniversary. In the year IH 11, Messrs. .lames and William Wea- ver, members of a settlement of English peo- ple in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, hearing that the missionaries, Hreck, Hobart and Adams were in the village of Prairieville, now Waukesha, sought them out and reipiested that they give them the services of the church. They did so, and for a time held service in the houses of James and William Weaver and George Elliot. October 1, 1842, Rev. Mr. Hobart walked from Prairieville to James Weaver's, and prepared the barn on his farm for use the next day, for the Bishop's first visitation. A table was placed at the south end of the barn door, to serve as an altar; rough planks formed the seats for the con- gregation; the choir was ))laccd in the hay mow. Bishop Kem|)er in his robes, Rev. Messrs. Adams and Hobart in surplices and Rev. Mr. Brack in his cassock, conducted the services. The exercises having Ijcen closed the men met and organized St. Alban's Parish, electing David Ilartson, Senior Warden; George Elliot, .luiuor Warden; James Weaver, William Weaver, Ed- mund Ihaiiiard and Ebulius (J. Ilartson, Vestry- men. Of these men, one only survives, viz.: William Weaver, Sr., who is now within a few days of ninety years old, yet walked down the old trail, across lots to the barn, for this Fiftieth Anniversary service. The meeting on the first day of this celebration was held at the church, but on Monday morning, service w.as held in the old barn which witnessed the organization of the parish. Fifteen persons of the congregation present in 1842 were present again in 1892, and some four or five others were present at the rectory grounds during the day. The congregation, as many of them as could be accommodated, were seated on planks as in 1842; the choir being seated on a large dry goods box, to the right of and behind the clergy present. Morning Prayer was begun by Rev. Dr. Wright, reading from the prayer book presented to the parish by the Nashotah brethren on Whitsunday, 1844, when the little frame church was first opened, which book is con.sc(iuentl3' forty-eight years old. .St. Alban's Church has never looked prettier than it looked when the busy workers completed their labors on Saturd.ay night. A rude screen had been erected, consisting of five Gothic aiches, trimmed with wheat and oats in the straw, and garnished with ears of blight golden corn, bunches of grapes, and dahlia hlo.ssoms. Behind the altar and organ, and in the windows, was a magnificent array of potted plants and cut flowers, including a small orange tree with three ripe oranges on it, which stood before the lectern and served to give point to some of the Archdeacon's illustrations in his addresses. A former Sunday-school teacher and organist had with happy forethought prepared banners, bearing the dates 1842 and 181)2, which were hung conspicuously above the choir. Tall stalks of green corn and vegetables of various kinds were placed here and there to evidence the. fact tliat we celebrate our Harvest Home in con- nection witli our Jubilee. 'I'lie parish has given two of her sons to the sacred ministry, Rev. Leverett D. Braiiiaid, Rec- tor of St. John's Church, Glen wood, Iowa, and Rev. Colin Campbell Tate, Rector of the Church of the Holy Comn union, Maywood, 111. Another of her young men, Claude Greengo, is lay reader for the parish at the present time. The parish has built two churches and two rectories during the past fifty years. The present beautiful stone church was erected twenty-eight years ago, with- out the tower. Under Dr. Wright's rectorship fourteen years ago the substantial tower was added, and a sweet-toned bell purchased, which DOW calls the people to the services of the church. The place of tlie bell was supplied on the original frame church by a huge triangle, which still holds a place in the memoi ies of the older members of the parish. St. Alban's boasts a rectory which is the surprise of all visitors for its size and con- veniences. The property of the parish consists, besides the church, rectory, barn, etc., of four acres of ground, one-half of which is a (iod's acre, where lie the bodies of those who have gone before. The church stands in the center of the grounds, divid- ing the rectory grounds from the cemetery; and between the church and the rectory is a spacious lawn, and grove of evergreens making an ideal spot for parish picnics. Here the Jubilee dinner was eaten. The parish has a membership of nearl3' three hundred persons, and has one hundred actual communicants. At the above mentioned festival the following- poem was read: Fil'ty Years Ago. BY ADA R. W HAVER. A glorious time we've had to-day! 'Tis our d.ay of Jubilee! When, as the hearty hand grasps hand Old faces dear we see. The forms once straight are bended now; Once rai)id steps are slow, And the voices tremlile as they speak Of "P'lfty Years Ago." Where has the time so swiftly sped ? It seems but a few short years Since we sailed from Merry England, With e3'es all dimmed by tears. But we look at the heads now whitened B3' many a winter's snow; And say, "Yes, we'ie the bo3's and girls Of Iift3' 3'ears ago." We think of long-loved faces, Now lost from our longing view; As we pause by the mounds in God's acre And old mem'ries sweet review, While in fancy we hear their voices As soft, and sweet, and low As we heard their loving accents Full fifty 3-ears .ago. The parish of St. Alban's now Is half a century old; And its past and present are dearer far Than the wealth of untold gold. 'Tis a blessed heritage to us. This growth so sure, if slow. And we lovingl3' thank the pioneers Of "Fifty Years Ago."

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ROBERT BROWN, Sk., deceased, w.i.s for t~^ over fort3' years well known Uj the people of Waukesha County, lie was born in Suffolkshire, England, February 22, 1821, and died on the 20th of April, 1888. lie was brought up on a farm, and remained in his native land until his maturity. His education was very limited, as all he enjoyed was obtained outside of the walls of a school-room. Possessed of much natural ability, great persistency and energy, he was enabled to carve out for himself a most successful business career. On Christmas Day, in 1814, he wedded Miss Lucretia West, a native of .Somersetshire, England, who had received a moderate education. In the month of April of 18)5, the young couple bade farewell to home and kindred, and sailed over the sea to make for themselves and their children a home in the New World. The voyage was made from Liverpool to New York, and consumed some thirty-six days. From the latter port they came at once to Wisconsin, making the inland trip by W!»y of the Erie Canal and the (Jreat Lakes, landing at the old north pier in Milwaukee on the 8lh of .lune. Coming direct to Lisbon Town- ship, then a part of .Milwaukee County, .Mr. Brown bargained with a '-squatter" for sixty-seven acres of land on section 7, where his son W. W. Brown now resides, the specified price to be paid being $180. lie h.ad not a farthing to advance on this purch.'ise, and as he was direct from the Mother Country, was not acquainted with the Yankee ideas of business. That the "squatter" was a ras- cal was shown in t!ie contract made by the parties, which stipulated that In case Mr. Brown did not receive the money to pay for the claim on the ex- act day mentioned in the writings upon which the payment w.as to be made, the property and all the improvements thereon should revert to the former owner. As the system of postal service was very ?Iqw »Dd uncertain in those early days, it became a vital question whether thej- could get a letter to En<flaii(I and the return in two months or not, for u)x)n this alone they must depend for securing the claim. However, good fortune favored Mr. Brown, and two days before the payment was due, the iDonej' was received to the consternation and dis- gust of the unscrupulous fellow who had the contract drawn up. When Mr. Brown and his wife arrived in this county their possessions consisted of two watches, one of which thuy traded for a feather bed, and the other for a clock. Tiius it is seen that they began life in this new country under very unfa- vorable circumstances, but possessed of that per- sistency and determination so characteristic of tlieir countrymen, they were not to be discouraged. As the years passed, Mr. Brown became one of the most prosperous farmers of his town, and was known for his honesty and fair dealings. They began their domestic life here in a "squatter's" cabin, built with a slanting roof held in place by logs put on horizontally. Through the crevices in the roof the snow would sift, and often times on rising on a winter's morning, they would find floor and bed covered with two or three inches of snow. The chimney was built of sticks, stone and mud, while the earth was the only flooring with whicli it was furnished. In the course of time this rude structure was replaced by a more comfortable and substantial building. Wandering bands of Indians often passed their doorway, but thej' were always most friendly. For all purposes, whether farm labor or driving, ox-teams were used. In promoting the welfare of his community, Mr. Brown took an active part, and especially in ad- vancing the cause of education; being deprived of the privilege of attending school in his youth, he was determined that his children should receive far better advantages than were possible to him. He was one of the organizers of the first public school in his immediate vicinity and aided in construct- ing the first schoolhouse. For several terms Mr. Brown served as Supervisor of Lisbon Township, and besides held various other offices in the gift of his fellow-citizens. He and his wife were both members of the p4)iscopal Church of Sussex, to- ward the erection of which building he had given liberally. A kind and indulgent father, an es- teemed neighbor and friend, he died lamented by all who knew him. His life was well and worthily spent, and throughout his career he was blessed with abundant success. He began in this country without means, in fact he borrowed the money with which he made his first payment on land purchased here, but by his indomitable will and perseverance he surmounted all obstacles and became well off, at the time of his death owning four hundred and twenty-five acres of finely improved land, besides a beautiful home in Waukesha, where his two daughters reside. At their death Mr. and Mrs. Brown left to their son, Robert W., a number of family souvenirs, among which is a copper tea- kettle that was brought by them from England; another is a flowered sugar-bowl that they purchased in Lisbon Township in 1845, which is still doing service.

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JAMES RODGERS. For over half a century has this honored old Scotchman been a resi- dent of Waukesha County. A native of Perthshire, Scotland, he was born in 1811, and was the eleventh in a family of twelve chil- dren, including seven boys and five girls, whose parents were Alexander and .Janet (Mcl^agan) Rodgers. Of this family but two are now living, Mr. Rodgers, who is the eldest, and Margaret, widow of Richard Craven, of the town of Lisbon, who is about eighty years old. The fatiier and mother were also natives of Perthshire, their births occurring respectively in 1765 and 1767. The former, who was a linen weaver by trade, received but a very limited education; his father dying when he was eleven years of .age, he was forced to begin life on his own responsibility early. A devout member of the Presbyterian Church, he died as he had lived, passing away in his native land in 1837. The mother's death oc- curred in America, whither she had come with her children after her husband's death, in 1848. Mr. Rodgers of this biography has been twice married. Previous to his emigration to this country he was united in marriage, July 12, 1H38. with Miss Margaret Imrie, also a native of Perthshire, Scotland, who died in 1857. There are no chil- dren living of this union. On the 17th of December, 1857, Mr. Hodgers wedded Mrs. Rlioda B. (Look) Botsford, who was born March 26, 1H21, in Sniithlield, Madison County, N. Y. Mrs. Hodgers was a dauglitcr of .Joseph and Silence (Bond) Look, and was one of a family comprising four sons and four daughters, of whom but three are living at the present time, the other two being liudolphus, who is an agriculturist of Onondaga County, N. Y., and Miranda, the wife of Thomas O'Brien, a retired farmer of Tierce County, Wis. Father Look, who was born in Ashfield. Mass., in 1785, died in 1874. He was a farmer by occupa- tion, that being liis life work. About 1815 he emigrated to the west, locating in Walworth County; from tiiere he went to .Jefferson County, thence to Waukesha County, where he lived until his death. Mrs. Rodgers was reared in her native state, where she acquired a good education, largely through her own efforts, as she earl}' formed the habit of devoting her spare moments to self-improvement. On the 15th of June, 1843, she be- came the wife of Sherman Botsford, and by this union became the mother of five children, all of whom are living as follows: James S., who has adopted the legal profession as his life work, is a resident of Kansas City, Mo. He is a talented ora- tor, and is considered one of the able attorneys of the southwest. His education is largely the result of his own efforts. In politics he is a thorough Republican. For a companion he chose Mrs. .Sal lie (Warner) Nutter, a Kentucky lady. The second is Clarissa, who is the wife of Amos Allen, who superintends a ranch in North Dakota. She was a student in the Normal University, at Normal, III., after which she taught successfully in the public schools for a number of terms. She is the motlier of four children, a son and three daughters. Martha, the third, wedded David Muir, an exten- sive farmer and stock-raiser of Franklin County, Iowa. She was also educated in the university at Normal, III. Mrs. and Mrs. Muir have three sons and one daughter. Charles L. is the fourth in order of birth. He is an attorney-nt-law, k)catcd at Norman, Okla. His professional education was obtained in the Michigan University at Ann Arbor, being a graduate of the Law Department of that institution. He is also married and has four children. Pho-be J., the youngest, became the wife of J. 15. Wilcox, who is engaged in mer- cantile business in Scdalia, Mo. Mrs. Wilcox has been a teacher in the graded schools of Sedalia for many years. She was a student at Waukesha, at Normal University, and at Newark, 111. They have two sons. Mr. Botsford was a native f)f Madison Count}', N. Y., born in November, 1815, and died in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, Wis., on the 3(lth of October, 1851. He w.is by occupation a farmer. In 1833 he emigrated to Wisconsin, and located wilii his mother in Lisbon Township, though Waukesha County was but little more than a wilderness at that early day and Lisbon Town- ship had no name. , His first home was a log cabin which his brother Lucius had constructed; it was covered with bark, had a puncheon floor, and a mud and stick chimney. The country was inhabi- ted by many Indians at that time. Mr. Botsford was a resident of Wisconsin ten 3'ears prior to its admission into the Union, and was closely identi- fied with the early growth and lii>t((ry of his town. Politically he was a Republican wlien that party was organized, but at first he was a strong Abolitionist, and was ever ready to lend a hand to the oppressed and down trodden slave. In relig-* ious faith he was a member of the Congregational Church. After the death of Mr. Botsford, Sirs. Rodgers continued her residence in the old home until her marriage with our subject, she having resided con- tinuously in Waukesha County for the period of fifty-one yeare. Mr. and Mrs. Rodgers are the parents of two children. Anna and John A. The former married John Rankin, a merchant of the village f>f Waukesha. She was educated in the common schools, in Carroll College, and in White Water Normal School, and was a successful teacher in the schools of this county, also in the state of Iowa. On the 12th of May, 1841, Mr. Rodgers sailed 622 PORTRAIT AND BIOORAPfflCAL RECORD. from Dundee, Scotland, on the good ship "Peru- vian," and after a voyage of seven weeks' dura- tion, landed in New York, July 4, 1841. In November of the same year he came to Wisconsin, which was then under a territorial form of govern- ment. The trip to the west w.as made by the lakes to Milwaukee, but as the vessel could not make a landing he was carried on to Chicago, at that time but a small and uninviting place, the greater part of the present populous city being prairie and marsh land. lie came on to Burlingtou, Racine County, by wagon with another man, and from that point to the town of Libson, AVaukesha County, he walked. Upon his arrival here Mr. Rodgers had only money enough to buj' an ax. He at once commenced work in order to earn enough with which to purchase the necessities of life. He made a claim of fifty acres of wild land on section 27, in the town of Lisbon, which was without a vestige of improvement. The first home he owned in the county was a balloon frame structure filled in with poles, while he himself built the chimney' of stones, sticks and mud. If his house was primitive it was not out of harmony with its surroundings and the houses of his neigh- bors. Indians would pass his doorway, while the woods abounded with deer and other wild game. His first grain was cut with the cradle and threshed with a flail, implements with which the early settlers were very familiar. After the threshing was over the ox team was hitched to the wagon, the grain loaded and hauled to the market at Milwaukee. Mrs. Rodgers remarked that she made her first two trips to Milwaukee by riding on a load of potatoes drawn by an ox team. At that time the beautiful Cream City was al- most an entire tamarack swamp, especially the western part where now stand the most substantial business lilocks. They have witnessed the wonder- ful dcvelopement of Waukesha County into one of the most beautiful and prosperous counties to be found in the state, or in many states. In politics our subject was a strong Abolitionist, but when the Republicau party came into being he espoused its principles, and has to the present time been a stanch adherent to its men and measures. His first Presidential vote was cast for the Abolition candidate, John P. Hale. Mr. and Mrs. Rodgers are members of the Methodist Epis- copal Church in the town of Lisbon. They are living a retired life in their country home, situated within a few rods of tliat of their son, John A., and are passing their declining years in pe.ace and contentment. This record of their lives will be cherished by their children, when they who have given them so worthy an example of riglit living have passed to that bourne from whence no trav- eler returns.

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MATTHEW HOWITT, a farmer and dealer in grain and stock of Pevvaukee, is one of the well known business men of this county, wh'ch h.as been his home for nearly forty years. Ilis native place is Livingston County, N. Y., whore his liirtli occurred January 2, 1838. When eighteen years of age he accompanied his parents, Andrew and Agnes (McKeriow) Howitt, to Wisconsin, the family locating in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County. On reaching his ma- jority he entered the rtouring mill of B. Boorman, at Pewaukee, where he served three years, receiv- ing $70 for the first year's work, and ^300 for the third. Having completed his trade, he and his employer purchased the Kellogg mill in the town of Vernon, which they operated for two years. In 1878 Mr. Ib)witt, in company with his hrother John, bought the water-power and mill at Muk- wonago, but after running it for some time the former disposed of his interest and invested in a farm of one hundred and twenty acres in the town of Mukwonago, where he carried on farming until 188G. Removing to Pewaukee, he operated the mill for three years, since which lime he has been dealing in grain and stock. i\Ir. Howitt was married to Miss Mary Vass, a native of Vernon Township, who died in 1872 after a wedded life of only live years, leaving a son, John W., who assists his father in business. On the 1.5th of July, 1874, was celebrated the union of Mr. Howitt and Miss Mary J., daughter of John Small. Mrs. Howitt is a native of Waukesha County. Of this marriage have been born three children: Belle, George R. and Harvey M. Both husband and wife are active church workers, he being a Presbyterian and she a Baptist in religious PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 655 faith. Politically he has been an ardent Republi- can since lie cast his first Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln. By his fellow-tuwnsnien he has been callt'd upon to fill a number of ollicial positions, having served as Chairman of the Hoard of Supervisors, both of Mukwonagoand Pewaukee Townsliips, Assessor of the former, and also as President of the village of Pewaukee in 18!)3. During the same year he was(Jeneral Superintend- ent of tiic Waukesha Count}- Agricultural Society. He is now serving .is Treasurer of the .School Board of Pewaukee. While a member of the County Board, from the town of I'ewaukcc, Mr. Howitt performed an important part in securing the erec- tion of the new court house, a much needed build- ing, and one of which the people of the county have just reason to be proud.

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HUMPHREY RANKIN has for more than half a century been numbered among the leading citizens of Waukesha County, and with pleasure we present to our readers this record of his life, knowing that it will prove of interest to his many friends. A native of JJoston, Mass., Ue was born June 28, 1840. His father, James Rankin, was born in Ireland in 1804, was reared in his native land and became a farmer. At the age of eighteen he sailed for America a penniless boy, hoping to earn a good living in the land of freedom. He married Mary Keyes, who was born on the Emerald Isle in 1811, and they became the par- ents of seven sons and three daughters, nine of whom arc yet living, namely: William, a farmer of White Water, Wis.; Jo, an agriculturist of Wash- ington; Margaret, wife of A. D. Calkins, a resident farmer of Saline County, Neb.; Humphrey, of this sketch; Mary Jane, wife of Henry W. Howard, who carried on agricultural pursuits near Waukesha; James, deceased; John, a resident of Waukesha; Stephenson, a resident of Lisbon Township; David a farmer, and Martha. In 1843, with his family, .lames Rankin started for tlie territory of Wiscon- sin, and in Waukesha County purchased a claim of eighty acres, upon which not a furrow had been turned or an improvement made, but with the aid of his sons he developed a fine farm, placing it under a high state of cultivation and making many improvements thereon. He was regarded as one of the progressive and public spirited citizens, and all who knew him held hiih in high regard. He votes with the Republican party. His death occurred in 1874, and his wife passed away in 1880. They were laid to rest in Cemetery 16, where a beautiful monument has been erected to their memory. Humphrey Rankin is a self-educated and self- made man. " He pursued a full course in the Spen- cerian Business College of Milwaukee, and became one of the successful teachers of Waukesha County, following that profession for a period of four- teen years. He remained with his parents until after he had attained his majority, and at the age of twenty-three began life for himself. On abandoning the teacher's profession he took up agricultural pursuits, and now owns forty acres of well improved land within two miles of Sussex. Mr. Rankin was married May 15, 1875, to Miss Charlotte Greengo, a native of this county, and a daughter graces this union, Mary Keyes. Mrs. Rankin was born March 23, 1849, and was edu- cated in the common schools. Her parents, Jesse and Mary Ann (Potter) Greengo, were natives of  England, and are represented elsewhere in this work. Mr. and Mrs. Rankin have resided at tiieir present home since 1S71, and are higlily respected people, who hold an enviable position in social cir- cles. Our snbject first voted for Abraham Lin- coln, and was a Republican in politics until a few yeai-s since, when he joined the Democracy. He has served as Township Treasurer, was Clerk of the Board of School Directors, and has frequentl}' been a delegate to county conventions. He is a man of firm convictioVis, fearless in expressing his convictions, and in no uncertain way he indicates on which side of llio cjnolion lie may be found.

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AUGUST J. MINDEMANN, one of the rep- / — \ resentative (Tcrman farmers and worthy citizens of Lisbon Township, Waukesha County, residing on section 23, is a native of Mecklenburg, Schwerin, Germany. He was born December 24, 1841, and is the sixth in a family of nine children. The father, Carl Mindemann, was also born in Mecklenburg, and there spent his entire life. He wedded Mary Appel, and thej- be- came the parents of four sons and five daughters, of whom four are yet living, namely-: Mary, wife of Josepli Clossen, a farmer of Oconomowoc, Wis.; Christina, wife of John Ohmcke, an agriculturist of Pewaukee Township; and Charles, who with his family resides in Lisbon Township, where he car- ries on farming. Both Mr. and Mrs. Mindemann were members of the Lutheran Church. August J. Mindemann acquired his education and spent the days of his boyhood and youth in his native land, but at the age of twenty-four bade adieu to early home and friends, preparatory to his emigration to America. The last view of the Fatherland which he caught was at Hamburg, where he boarded the sailing-vessel " Deutsch- land," which after a voyage of seven weeks and three days dropped anchor in the harbor of New York. Some severe storms were encountered while en route. Our subject landed at Castle Garden, and at once made his way to Wisconsin, arriving in Waukesha on the 20ih of January, 1866. He found himself a stranger in a strange land. He could not speak a word of English and had no capital on which to live. He began chopping cord wood, and in this way made a start in life. The first land he purchased was a tract of eighty acres, which became his property in 1868. Two years later he sold the little farm and rented seventy- three acres of Hon. Richard Weaver. This he rented for five years, after which he purchased it. He made a iiayment thereon of $2,100, and as the result of his industry, economy and perseverance in course of time the indebtedness of *3,400 was paid off. In 1887 he erected his beautiful country residence, pleasantly located a half mile from Sus- sex. On the 22d of July, 186(5, Mr. Mindemann wed- ded ]\Iiss Wilhelmina Hermann, who has been to him a faithful companion and helpmeet. She was born in Mecklenbiu'g, (iermany, August 31, 1846, and is a daughter of John and Marie (Knagen- dorf) Hermann. Her father was a German farmer, and in 1866 crossed the briny deep, taking up his residence in Waukesha County, where his death occurred at tiie age of eigiity years. His wife passed away in 1882, at the age of seventy-one. To Mr. and Mrs. Mindcmann have l)oen born twelve ciiildren, four sons and eigiil daughters, of whom eight are yet living, namely: Libbie, wife of Louis Scliroeder. a tanner b^- trade, of Milwau- kee, by wliom she lias one daugliter, Kleanor; Miu- nie, Freda, Paulina, Mary, F'ritz, Ella and Carl, all at home. Mr. and Mrs. Mindemann began their domestic life in Duplainville, and their outfit was of the simplest character. Their furniture was of a very primitive character, and limited in (luanlity, but they managed to gel along, and as the result of their united efforts they are now numbered among the substantial citizens of the community. They have one of the beautiful homes of Lisbon Town- ship, and their residence and its tasty surround- ings indicate that it is the property of a thrifty owner. Mr. Mindemann votes the Democratic ticket, and by his first ballot supported Horace (Ireeley. He has served as Township Supervisor, but has never sought political preferment. His life has been well and worthily- spent, his career has been an honorable and upright one, and his word is as good as his bond. He and his wife are both mem- bers of the Lutheran Church.

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JOHN HLOOR, who carries on general farm- ing and stock-raising on section 32, Lisbon Township, is a native of Cheshire, England, his birth having occurred near Newcastle, May 26, 1826. His parents, Thomas and Sarah (Beech) liloor, had a family of five sons and one daughter, and he was the third in order of birth. The children still living are, William, a farmer of Dodge Count}', Wis., who is married and has six children; .lames, who is married and lives on a farm in Summit Township, and George, an agri- culturist and physician of Pewaukee Township. In politics they are all Republicans. The father of this family was born in .Staffordshire, England, in 1791, and died in 1886. In the spring of 1842, with the familj', he emigrated to America from Liverpool, landing in New York after a voyage of six weeks and three days. His destination was the Badger State, and thither he came by waj' of the Hudson Uiver, the Erie Canal and the Great Lakes, reaching Milwaukee in .luly, 1842. There he w.is taken sick and confined to his home for two weeks. His wife and daughter, Sarah, died during that time. Mr. Bloor then came to Lisbon Township, and secured a claim of one hundred and sixty acres on section 32, and also located one hundred and sixty acres on section 6. Pewaukee I'ownship. Here he carried on farming until his death. He took n<j active part in politics, but voted with the Kepublican party. He and his wife were members of the Episcopal Church. IIis death occurred in 1886, at a very advanced age, and Mrs. Bloor, who was born in Staffordshire, England, in 1801, died in 1842. John Bloor spent the first sixteen years of his life in England, and there obtained his education. He has alwa^'s been a farmer and stock-raiser, and now owns one of the fine farms of Lisbon and Pe- waukee Townships. In IHHt) he erected a beauti- ful country residence which stands in the midst of well tilleil fields and good improvements. In 1816 Mr. Bloor returned to his native land, and in February, 1847, married Miss Mary Barker, a native of Staffordshire. By their union were born four daughters .ind one son, three yet living. Ellen E., the eldest, is the wife of Charles Veitch, a farmer and stock dealer of Galesville, Wis. They have three children. Pearl Imogene, .John P. and Leslie. The mother possesses considerable musical ability. In politics Mr. Veitch is a Democrat. Emma L., the second child, was educated in the common schools and in Pewaukee, and for some years successfullj' engaged in teaching. She is now the wife of Albert H. Chaiinell. an agriculturist of .Summit Township, and a Republican in his politi- cal views. Eliza M., the youngest, who was edu- cated in Pewaukee, and has also received instruc- tion in music, was married Januar}' 3, 1894, to Charles Bartleit, and they reside on the old home- stead. Mr. Bartlett votes the Republican ticket. For forty-three years Mr. and Mrs. Bloor trav- eled life's journey together, sharing with each other its joys and sorrows, adversity and prosper- ity, but death separated them November 18, 1890' when Mrs. Bloor was called to the home beyond. Her loss w.is widely and deeply mourned. Mr. Bloor cast his first Presidential vote for Gen. Win- field Scott, and is now a stanch Re|)ublican. The cause of temperance finds in him a warm friend, and he is a stalwart advocate of educational inter- ests. He and his family hold membership with the Episcopal Church. The Bloor estate comprises two hundred and seven, acres of fine land, on which he erected a beautiful country home in 1889. The farm with all of its surroundings indicates the thrift, enter- prise and good taste of its owner. By those who have had business dealings with him, Mr. Bloor is known to be a man of strict integrity and honor. For over a lialf-century be has been a resident of Waukesha County, which at the tinieof his arrival formed a part of Milwauiiee County. Of all the progress which has been made liere during that time Mr. Rloor has been an eye-witness. Since he came to the county every mile of railroad has been built, every foot of telegraph wire has been hung, and every large city within the state has made its growth.

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RICHARD CRAVEN, .Ik., who is both wide- ly and favorably known in Lisbon Town- ship, follows farming and stock-raising on secticm 27. He is a native of Waukesha County, and a representative of one of the |)rominenl Eng- lish families which was here established at an early day. He was born Eebriiary .'J. 1845, and is the eldest in a family of two sons and live daughters, whose parents were Richard and Margaret (Rodg- ers) Craven. Three of the children are still liv- ing, namely: Richard, and Loui.saand Adeline, both of Waukesha. The father was born in Yorkshire, England, .lune 17, IHI2, and died April ii, 1881. He received a common school education and fol- lowed farming throughout his life. In 18,30 he emigrated with his parents to America, crossing the Atlantic in a sailiiig-ves.'-el from Liverpool to New York, which after a voyage of nine weeks reached its destination. Mr. Craven resided in Westmoreland, Oneida County, N. Y'., until lH.'i7, when he started for the territoiy of Wisconsin, and 111 Lisbon Township, Waukesha Countv, his remaining days were passed with the exception of the (irst two years, which were spent at Waukesha. At that time T. S. Redford, Mr. Ralph, Mr. Bon ham, Edward Smith and .lohn Weaver, with their re- s[)ective families, were the only residents of the township, which was then in its primitive condi- tion, just being opened up to civilization. The father began w(jrk here as a common laborer. Having saved his entire wages for one year. ILOO, he loaned this to a supposed friend, who never re- paid him. He also ha<l to overcome the dilliculties of pioneer life, but his earnest labors at length brought hi HI prosperity. His widow is still living on the old homestead. The gentleman whose name heads this record was early inured to liard labor, becoraina; familiar witli the arduous task of developing a farm. His education was acquired in the common schools prior to the age of twelve years, from wliicli time he had to give his entire service to the labor of the farm. Me continued to work with liis father until tiic latter's death. Wiien he attained his majority be had not ^\0 whicli he could call his own, and no settlement was made upon him unlil he reached the age of thirty-(ive, but he now owns one hundred acres of fine land on sections 26, 27 and 34, Lisbon Township. The place is supplied with never-failing water, which makes it valuable as a stock farm, and the fields are highly culti- vated. For a fpiarter of a century the owner has also been extensively engaged in threshing. Mr. Craven was married Fcliruary 13, 1866, to Miss Elizabeth Ottawa, a native of Kent County, England, and to them have been born eleven chil- dren, live sons and six daughters, nine yet living. William R., the eldest, acquired a good English education, and in politics is a Republican, his first vote having been cast for Benjamin Harrison, and in religious belief he is a Methodist. George E., a farmer of Lisbon Townshii), wedded Harriet Butler, and they have a little daughter. Myrtle J. Everett A., who pursued a course of study in the Milwaukee Business College, and learned teleg- raphy in Templeton, Wis., is now an ojierator on the Wisconsin Central Railroad at Neenah, Wis. M.iggie became the wife of (ieorge H. Weaver of Lisbon Township, December 27. 1893. .She re- ceived a good literary education and a special training in instrumental music. Ida E., at home, was a student in Carroll College for two terms. Myron J., Homer W. and E. Belle are all attend- ing school at Sussex, and Amy ,]. completes the family. Mrs. (Graven was born November 3, 1845, and when a child of two years was brought bj' her parents, Edward and Elizabeth (I)ungey) Ottawa, to Wisconsin. They sailed from Liverpool and for a number of years resided in Oneida County, N. Y., but in 18.')7 came to the Badger State. The father made farming his life work. In the family were six daughters and a son, and four are yet living: Mrs. Craven; Hannah, wife of Thomas Beach Audley, a prosperous farmer of Delafield Township; John, who isliving near Oconomowoc, and Hattie, wife of William Peeper, who carries on a summer resort for a gentleman of Milwaukee, at. Wauwatoosa, Wis. I n politics Mr. Craven is a stanch Republican and has supported that party since casting his first vote for General Grant. He was elected Side Super- visor in 1880 and 1881. and in 1883 was elected Chairman of the Board. He is one of the School Directors of Su.ssex and a friend to education, and has given his children good advantages along that line. He and his wife are prominent members and active workers in the Methodist Episcopal Church of Lisbon, in which he is serving as Trustee. The home of this worthy couple is the abode of hospi- tality and they have many friends throughout the com m unity.

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T. S. REDFORD is the oldest living settler of Lisbon Township. He came herein April, 1836, and was the third to make a claim in the township which is yet his home. He was born in Genesee County, N. Y., July II, 1818, and is the second in a family of five sons and two daughters born to A. A. and Mary (Scott) Red- ford. His (grandfather Redford was a native of England and a soldier in the Revolutionary War. His father was born in Livingston County, N. V., and served his country in the War of 1812. In the fall of 1836, by way of the water route, became to Wisconsin, landing in Milwaukee when it was a mere hamlet. In the spring of 1837 he removed to ^[cnoITlonee and made a claim of one hundred and sixty aiu-es entirely destitute of improvement. There was not a settlement between his home and Milwaukee. His last days were spent in Monroe, Wis. In ills early life, Mr. Redford was a Jack- son Democrat but afterwards became an .\boli- tionist, and on tlie or<?aiiizalion of the Republican party joined its ranks, lie and his wife were members of the Methodist Church and were high- ly respected citizens. Their children are Krnest, a farmer of Menomonee Township; T. S., of this sketch; Krwin, a miller of Winchester, Tenn.; Morris W., a fanner of South Dakota; Ira S., an agriculturist of Menomonee Falls; .lane, wife of Henry Weaver, of Monroe, Wis., who is engaged in drilling hydraulic wells; and Kinily, wife of Joseph Cook, of Empire Prairie, Mo. T. S. Redford was reared in tlie usual manner of farmer lads but at the age of eighteen learned the carpenter's trade, lie had attended the common schools of New York, l)ut after coming west felt the need of a better education and entered the College of Milwaukee, lie emigrated westward February 28, 1836. He left Genesee County, N. Y., and on foot traveled across the country to Milwaukee, where he arrived on the 15th of April. Wisconsin was then but sparsely settled and this locality was then an unbroken wilderness. Milwaukee contained few inhabitants and what is now the business center of the city was then an uncultivated swamp. The most far-sighted could not have dreamed of the rapid development which would transform this section into one of the most populous and richest sections of the state, for at that time the Indians were more numerous than the white settlers. Mr. Redford took part in one of their councils of war and knew many of the red- men. This council arose on account of the Indians being cheated by white traders, who got them drunk and then bought their ponies for a pint of "fire water." Solomon Juneau, the famous Indian trader, declared that if the Indians were not fairly compensated there would be an uprising and the people would be massacred. May 15, 1836, Mr. Redford made the first claim in Lisbon Township and it is still his home. He built a cabin of basswood logs and did his cooking over a fire built outside of the house. During the summer he worked at the carpenter's trade in Milwaukee, and did not locate permanently on his claim until the following year. He lived alone until Christmas Day of 1818, when he married Caroline Van Vlack, a native of Dutchess County, N. Y. They had two sons; Adelbert, who is married and has four children, is a success- ful farmer of Cambridge, Neb. Sylvester T. is married and has four children and follows farming in Pewaukee Township. Both are Rei)ubli- cans. ISIr. Redford married his wife in New York, and while there built a saw and grist mill in Cattaraugus County. Mr. Redford then returned with his bride to Wisconsin, but in 18.")3 was called upon to mourn her loss. He afterwards married .lane Realy,a native of England, who died February 14, 1864. They had two daughters. Emily A. is the wife of William Hodsen, who is living retired in California. They have three children. Martha J. is the wife of William II. Edwards, formerly a successful teacher and now a prosperous farmer of Lisbon Township; they have two daughters. On the nth of July, 1864, Mr. Redford married Abigail Newell, who was born in Dutchess County, N. Y., A\n-\\ 3, 1835. They have one daughter, Mapleb B., who was educated in Carroll College and received instruction in music. When a child of four years, Mrs. Redford came with her parents, Whipple and Matled (Newman) Newell, to Wisconsin. She is a lady of pleasant manner and genial disposition and her years rest lightly upon her. All his life Mr. Redford h.as engaged in hunting and in the early days has killed as many as five deers in an afternoon. He used ox teams for farm- ing and for hauling his grain to Milwaukee. In 1840 he hauled eleven hundred bushels of wheat to that market and sold it for fifty cents per bushel. He cut his grain with a cradle and threshed it with a Hail. He went through all the experiences of pioneer life and aided in the organization of the first school district in the township. He well remem- bered the Tippecanoe campaign and at the last elec- tion he voted for the grandson of the Tippecanoe hero. He took an important part in the Lincoln campaign, and during the parades would engage in splitliiiio; rails on wagons in tlie procession. Tie and his wife arc incinluMs of the IMelliodisl ("liurch and have done thi'ir pait in proniolini; the hesl interests of llie coniniunity. Nnnihered among the most lionored pioneers of Waukcslia County, they well deserve representation in its liistory.

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RODERICK AIN'SWOHTII. llie ellioient Chairman of tlie Uoard of Supervisors oi Lisbon To\vnshi|), and a representative farmer i>f this section of the county, is a native of On Page County, III., born Septenibei' 22. 1812. His parents, Silas and Koxanna (Kobe) Ains- worlh, were pioneer settlers of Waukesha County, having become residents here when this son was a child of two years. His boyhood and youth were passed on his father's farm, where he learned les- sons of thrift and economy that have been of un- told value to him in his successful career as an agriculturist and stock-raiser. His primary edu- cation was obtained in the public schools of Wau- kesha County, after which he was a student in Normal University, at Normal. III., when I)i-. Richard Edwards was President of the school, but he left that institution one year before grad- uatini;. On leaving the university, Mr. Ains- worth engaged in the profession ot teaching, and for fifteen years was one of Waukesha County's successful teachers. Among the positions held during that time was the principalship of the schools at Merton and . 'It Ibirthiud. Many of the sulistantial citizens of llie count}' were numbered among his pupils. November 24, 1868, is the date that the gentle- man whose name heads this account was married to Mi.-is Iluldah Phillips, a native of the town (jf Lisbon, and a daughter of Henry and .Sarah (Mil- ler) Phillips. One child was born of this mar- riage. May C, who received both a literary and a musical education, having been a student at Car- roll College. Mr. Ainswortli has often been selected as a dele- gate to the county conventions of the Republican party, with which he has been identified since he supported "Honest Abe" for the presuleiicy in 1864. He has been a valued citizen, not only by his political party, but by the entire community as well. For a number of terms he was Township Clerk, and for five or six terms has been chosen Chairman of the Town Hoard, being the [tresent incumbent. Having been an educator for so many years it is needless to say that he takes great in- terest in having good schools and competent teachers. He strongly advocates employing com- petent instructors, even if they are somewhat more expensive. For a number of years he has been otlicially connected with school work. Of the Lisbon Mutual Fire Insurance Company Mr. Ainswortli is the eflicient .Secretary. The company has a good record, as is shown by the statement of January 1. 1894. It was organized in Jlay, 1874, and on the lOth of .lune of the same j-ear began business, which has rapidly in- creased, .IS m.iy be seen from the following state- ment: Amount insured since organization ..* 1,494,050.00 " in force January 1, 1894 . . . 408,969.00 Losses paid since organization 9,872.25 RKCEllTS OK 1893. Cash on hand January 1st i!525..32 Interest received 21.50 Received from premiums and fees 203.31 Total receipts *750.13 KXI-KNIIITIKKS OK 1893. Losses by lightning * 13.00 .Services of Directors 1 5.59 Salary of President 5.00 Fees of Secretary 65.00 Miscellaneous 2.OO Total expenditure? ^100.50 Balance in treasury 1^649.63 The otiicers of the company are: William Wea- ver 2d, President; R. Ainswortli. Secretary; and Richard Craven. Treasurer. The Hoard of Di- rectors consists of William Weaver 2d, William Small, Richard Craven, T. M. Champenv, II. T. Jeffrey, W. W. Hrown and R. Ainswortli. .Socially our subject is a member of the Masonic fraternity, belonging to Hark Hiver Lodge No. i 169, of Ilartland. For years Mr. Ainsworth has made a spi'cialty of raising fine sheep; the Meri- noes claimed lii.s atlention at lir.st. hut now lie is engaged in raising tiie Oxford Downs and Slirop- sliires. Besides condiifling the lionie farm he has forty acres of land in the town of Mertf)n. He is numbered among the intelligent and progressive agriculturists of the county.

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HON. WILLIAM SMALL. For over one half a century has this honored gentle- man been a resident of Waukesha County. As a citizen and an ollicial, he is so well known that he needs no especial introduction to the people of the county, much less to the town of Lisbon, the interests of which he has been identified with for the long pericid of fifty-two years. A native of Perthshire, Scotland, Mr. Small was born on the 5th of October, 1824, being the oldest and only son in a family of seven children. There are live of this number living, the four sisters be- ing named as follows: .lenette became the wife of Isaac Smith, a pioneer of Waukesha Count}-, but now a resident of Wauwatosa, Wis.; Elizabeth, the widow of Russell Waite, resides in Pewaukee, Wis.; Isabelle wedded Josepli Counsel!, an agri- culturist, though now living retired in the village of Ilartland, this count}'; Mary Jane, the young- est, is the wife of Matthew Ilowitt, of Pewaukee, also living retired. The parents, ,Iohn and Isa- belle (Rodgers) Small, were natives of Perthshire. Scotland. The former wjis born in 170!), and died in 1877, and the latter, who was born about 18(M), died in 1886. John Small, who was a weaver by trade, received a common school education in his native land, where he grew to manlK>od and married Isabelle Rodgers. In 1841, with his wife and family, he emigrated to the United States, sailing from Dun- dee, Scotland, on board the "Peruvian,'' .NIessrs. .lolin and Gilheit Watson being passengers on the same trip. Upon landing in New York, Mr. Small had scarcely *10((, but with his family continued the journey as far as Buffalo, going by w.'iy of the Hudson River to Albany, thence on the Erie Canal to Buffalo, where he remained for a short time, being employed as a common laborer. In the fall of the same year, 1841, he decided to re- move to the far west and there lay the foundation of his future prosperity. The trip to Milwaukee was made on the old steamer "Bunker Hill;" it was their intoiition to take passage on the ill-fated "Lady l*^lgin," which burned on Lake Michigan, a catastrophe remembered by many, but Uncle Ar- chibald Rodgers would not go on this vessel, and they were thus detained until the coming of the former, and by this seeming whim the lives of the family were spared. Where the city of Milwaukee stands was, for the most part, a tamarack swamp; some of the trees had been chopped off, but the ground was covered with stumps. The principal street in the village was East Water, while the number of stores did not exceed four or live, and, perha])s, the largest store w.as owned by Solomon .luneau; the only l)ridge across the Milwaukee Hirer was a pontoon on Grand Avenue. Proceeding to the town of Lisbon, Mr. Small made a claim of a (|uarter-section of wild land, whicli had not a sign of an improvement thereon. He immediately set about the construction of a log cabin, which whcif completed w.as inlial)ited by the family. When he arrived in Milwaukee he had $10, and $8 of that w.as spent for a cow, leaving him a cash capital of ^2 with which to begin life in the new country. In politics Mr. Small was a Republican, and in re- ligious sentiment lie and his wife were idenlilied with the Congregational Church. Mr. Small of this biography was a youth of seventeen years when he came to America, and conse(iuently :ill the education he obtained in the school room was ac(|uired in his native laud. His fatiier not having the means to defray his ex- penses to Wisconsin, he remained behind and for about a year was employed at Buffalo. On the 4th of .luly, 1842, he landed in Milwaukee, going thence to his father's cabin home. The impression made upon his mind upon his arrival in Wiscon- sin will never be erased, tliere being such a marked contrast between the Wilderness predominating liere and tiie heath of his native country. Mr. Small aided his father in carrying on his farm, re- maining at lionie and giving his parents tlie bene- fit of his labor till his marrhige, which occurred on the 27lh of November, 1856. Mr. Small wedded Miss Margaret Marshall, a native of Fifeshire, Scotland, and to them was born a son, ,Iohn R., a prosperous farmer of tlie town of Lisbon. Mrs. Small was educated in the common schools, and grew to maturity in her native shire. Her mar- riage to Mr. Small occurred after her emigration to tlie United States. She has ever been a kind and affectionate mother and a faithful wife, shar- ing alike the joys and sorrows that have come into tlie lives of those most dear to her. Mr. Small h.as been an ardent Republican since the inception of the party, though his first Presi- dential vote was cast for Martin Van Buren, the Free-Soil candidate. He has always stood by his party, advocating and defending its principles, .as in his estimation thej' were best calculated to bet- ter the condition of the masses. By his fellow- townsmen he has been elected to fill various po- sitions of honor and trust, in all of which he has performed the duties devolving upon him in a manner to win the confidence of his constituents. As Chairman of the Town Board he has served four different terms, two in succession; he was As- sessor of his town for three terms, and Justice of the Peace for ten years. In 1880 Mr. Small was the choice of his i)eople to represent their interests in the State Legislature, performing most faithfully and creditably the work of thatofflce. He has been connected vvith the public schools as Clerk and Treasurer for a number of years, and all measures that promise to be of benefit to the count}' and town are sure to find a warm supporter in him In the contest that arose when Waukesha County w.as set off from that of Milwaukee, Mr. Small cast his vote for the division, and though it was hotly 0])po.sed, the Waukesha people were success- ful, and ill 1846 the county was organized. When Mr. Small became a resident of this coun- ty there were many Indians here, and they often came to his father's door to beg for food: deer were yet loaiuiug throu^ii the forest, and many times was the table supplied witii venison that had been furnished by some member of the family. All heavy work was accomplished by the aid of ox teams, and when the grain was ready to harvest it was cut with an old-fashioned four-fingered cradle. The first threshing w.as done by hand, using the fiail, but after a time cattle were used to tramp out the grain, which was considered a wonderful improvement over the earlier way. Their closest market was Milwaukee, to which place the produce and grain was hauled by ox teams. The first church services in tlie town were held in the schoolhouse on section 35. Our sub- ject aided in the erection of the first church, which was located on the Lisbon Plank Road, and which was used by both Congregationalistsand Method- ists, Rev. Mr. Baker being the first pastor. Mr. Small is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the town of Lisbon, and his wife of the United Presbyterian Church of the same township. The Small estate comprises one hundred and seventy acres of land in section 21, situated about one mile from the depot. It is well watered and is one of the desirable stock farms to be found in this section of the county. Besides his farming interests Mr. Small manages the grain elevator at Sussex, Wis; the shipment of barley alone amounts annually to about sixty thousand bushels, the major part of which is shipped to William Gerlach & Co., well known malsters of Milwaukee. Mr. Small has been one of the leading and prom- inent citizens of his township, and has the confi- dence and high regard of all who know him. Honorable and upright in all the relations of life, he will leave to his son one of the richest heritages that a parent can bestow upon his child, that of a life full of good deeds and in harmony with the Divine will.

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CHARLES HOWARD, decea.sed, was for .<onie years an influential citizen of Wau- kesha. He was born in llornscy, Eng- land. December «, 1810, and died April 6, 1873. He became a landscape gardener, following that business in England. In liis native land he mar- ried a Miss Wilsfin. and to them were born four children, three of whom are yet living. Charles, a widower, is now engaged in fruit growing in San •Jose. Cal.; Henry, who served during the late war and now follows farming in Waukesha Township, wedded Mary Jane Rankin, by whom he has three children, and Ellen is the wife of Samuel Himp- bell, of San Jose, Cal. After the death of his lirst wife, Mr. Howard married Miss Harriet A. Stevens, also a native of Hornsey, England. Their wedding was celebrated April 15, 1844, and they immediately sailed for the New World, leaving Liverpool on the s.niling- vessel "Montezuma," which after a voy.ige of six weeks reached New York. By way of the Erie Canal and the Great Lakes they made their way to Milwaukee, where Mr. Howard left his wife while he sought a location for a home. At length he purcluised a claim of forty acres on section 15, Lisl)on Township, upon which a little log cabin had been built and a few acres of land broken. There in true pioneer style, Mr. and Mrs. How- ard began life in Wisconsin. Their capital was very limited but they determined to make the best of their opportunitiesand in course of time became owners of a comfortable farm. In the early days harvesting was done with the cradle and Hail, and in the home their furniture was very primitive, but at length success crowned their efforts and brought them a comfortable competency, their farm com- prising one hundred and forty acres of rich land which yielded to them a good income. To Mr. and Mrs. Howard were born three sons and three daughters, namely: Harriet A., wife of Edward .1. Weaver, an agriculturist of Cambria, Columbia County, Wis.; Sarah .\., wife of Alfred A. Weaver, a soldier of the late war, who now fol- lows farming; Ruth A., wife of Richmond T. Weaver, an agriculturist of I^isbon Township; George A., William F. and Robert, all successful farmers of this locality. Mr. Howard was a man f)f strong convictions, steadfast in purpose, honorable in all <iealings, and his word was as good as his bond. He voted the Republican ticket but never sought political pre- ferment. He aided in building the lirst school- house iu his locality, and in the erection of St. .\lban's Episcoi)al Church of Sussex. His death occurred in Lisbon Township, and his wife, who was born March 3, 1826, passed away January 3, 1892. They were numbered among the best citi- zens of the community, and their loss w.as mourned by many friends who held them in high regard.

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MRS. MARGARET (RODGERS) CRAVEN is still living at the old home on section 26, Lisbon Township, which has been her place of residence since 1844. She is a native of Perthshire, Scotland, born December 25, 1814. Her parents were Alexander and Janet (McClagen) Rodgers, and in their family were twelve children, of whom Mrs. Craven is the youngest. Her maidenhood days were passed in her native land, and at the age of twenty-eight years she bade adieu to the home and friends of her childhood and sailed from Dundee in the ship "Peruvian" bound for New York. Of those who made the voyage at the same time there are yet living, A. V. North, James Rodg- ers, John Watson, Thomas Welch, Mrs. Craven, Mrs. Isaac Smith, of Wauvvaloosa, Mrs. John Wat- son, Mrs. Isabel Couucel, of Hartland, and Mrs. Elizabeth Waite. Accompanied by her mother Mrs. Craven went from New York to Albany, thence by canal to Buffalo, and by steamer to Milwaukee, which was then a small village, containing only one tavern and a few houses. She at once took up her resi- dence in Lisbon Township, and has witnessed al- most the entire growth and development of the couuty. She has seen many Indians in the neigh- borhood, and wild deer and feathered game were very plentiful on the prairies. On the nth of April, 1844, was celebrated the marriage of Richard Craven and Margaret Rodg- ers. He was born in Yorkshire, England, June 17, 1812, and in 1837 came to Wisconsin, eleven years ere the state was admitted to the Union. Through- out his life he carried on agricultural pursuits and was a hard working man. His integrity and honor nuniliered him among the best citizens of thecom- munit3- and won iiim the high respect of all. In political views he was in early life an old line Whig, but on the organization of the Republican party joined its ranks, and was one of its stalwart supporters until his death. He served as School Director, and ever supported the best interests of the community. When called to the home beyond his remains were interred in the Scotch cemetery' on section 21, Lisbon Township, where a beautiful monument marks his last resting place. In her native land, Mrs. Craven belonged to the Presbyterian Church, but now holds membership with the Methodist Episcopal Church. She is still living on the old homestead and a part of the or- iginal dwelling still stands, one of the few land- marks of pioneer days which yet remain. The present residence was erected in 1864. She has now reached the advanced age of eighty, but her years rest lightly upon her, and with her many friends we join in the wish that she may yet be spared for many years to come.

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ALEX MELVILLE, who is both widely and y — \ favorably known in Waukesiia Count}-, now resides on section 2, Lisbon Town- ship. He belongs to that class of sturdy Scotch- men who are numbered among America's best adopted citizens. He was born in Perthshire, Scotland, Jaiiuar}* 28, 1834, and was the second in a family of four children, whose parents were Peter and Amelia (Bruce) Melville.. His sisters were Janet, wife of .James Will, an early settler of Lisbon Township; Mary, wife of Edward Mc- Carten, a retired farmer of the same township, and Elizabeth, wife of David Will, an agriculturist of Blue Earth County, Minn. The father of this fam- ily was born in Perthshire, Scotland, November 22, 1801, and died in May, 1884. He carried on business both as a teamster and grocer, his wife having charge of tlie store. In 1845, he bade adieu to friends and native land, and with his family crossed the Atlantic in the sailing-vessel "Hector" which left Liverpool, and after a voyage of five weeks and two da^-s dropped anchor in the harbor of New York. He then went up the Hud- son River to Albany, by the Erie Canal to Buffalo, and by the Great Lakes to .Milwaukee, where he arrived in September, 1845. He purchased (ifty- two acres of canal land, upon which not a tree had been felled, a furrow turned, or an improvement made, but he at once began to plow and plant and at last developed a good farm. The log cabin home was 22x30 feet in size, and in a garret above the living rooms the children slept. Indians were in the neighborhood, all kinds of wild game could be had, and many of the now thriving towns and villages had not yet sprung into existence. Farm- ing was done witii crude machinery, but at length civilization and progress brought its comforts. In early life Mr. Melville was a Democra'., but after- ward became a Republican, and he and his wife were members of the Congregational Church. His death occurred in May, 1884, and Mrs. Melville, who was born in 1801, died in 1857. Alex Melville was a child of about eleven years when he came to the Badger State. He remained at home until twenty-five years of age, when, on the 17th of March, 1859, he married Nancy Tracy, by whom he had three ciiildren, two yet living, Amelia, now the wife of Charles Weeks, a leading farmer of Lisbon Township, by whom she has two sons and a daughter, and Edward, an expert car- penter, who resides in Grand Porks, Minn. The mother of this family was born in Rhode Island in 1837, and her death occurred in 1867. For a second wife, Mr. Melville chose Elizabeth Gilmour, and their union, celebrated March 17, 1868, has been blessed with six children. Agnes, the eldest, was graduated from Carroll College in the Class of '89, and is now a successful teacher in the Mary Allen Seminary of Crockett, Tex., an in- stitution for the education of freed men. She has been a teacher and missionary at that pl.ice for four years; John, who was also a student in Car- roll College, is his father's assistant. In politics he is a Republican; James, who was a student in Carroll College and graduated from the Normal College of Valparaiso, Ind., in the Class of '94, is a young man of marked ability. Thomas, who graduated from Carroll College in the Class of '93, is now studying for the ministry in a Lulled Pres- byterian College of Tarkio, JIo.; David and Har- vey are still with their parents. Mrs. Melville was born in Waukesha County, December 19, 1842, and is a daughter of John and Ann (Chambers) Gil- 764 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. mour, who were natives of Scotland, and oame to this country in 1842. The father died May 12, 189-1, and the mother passed away some years pre- vious. Tiiey were both iiigiily respected citizens. Mr. Melville became familiar with all the hard- ships and trials of i)ioneer life, and is familiar with the histor3' of the county in its early da\'S. When he began life for himself he went in debt for forty- seveu acres of land, but now owns one hundred and eighty acres on section 2, Lisbon Township, free from all encumbrance. It is under a high state of cultivation and well improved, and is a monument to the thrift and enterprise of the owner. Since casting his first vote for Oen. John C. Fremont he has supported the men and meas- ures of the Republican party. For nine years he was oflicially connected with the schools of this community, and the cause of education finds in him a warm friend. He and his family are all members of the United Presbyterian Church, and are peoi)le of prominence in this community, who hold a high position in social circles.

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WILLIAM II. S. EDWARDS, an agricul- turist of Lisbon Township residing on section 27, is numbered among the na- tive sons of Waukesha County. He was born on the old Edwards homestead. May 14, 18(51, and is a son of John and Mary (Mclntyre) Edwards, who are represented elsewhere in this volume. He be- gan his education in the common schools and his early privileges were supi)leinented by two years' attendance at Carroll College. He thus .acquired a good education and for a number of years he en- gaged in teaching in Waukesha County, being quite successful in this work. He won sin enviable reputation and for nineteen terms he w.-is Princi- pal of the schools of Sussex. He also taught four teniis in the Plank Road District and an equal pe- riod in District No. IG. As a companion and helpmeet on life's journey Mr. Edwards chose Miss Martha J. Redford, and their marriage was celebrated October 2!l, 1881. B}' their union have Ikcii born two bright little daughters, Mi'rtle and Florence, who are the life of their parents' home. In his political views Mr. Edwards is a stanch Republican, and with .lohn A. Ro<lgeis, .lohn A. Small and .lames Templeton is regarded .as one of the "Big Four" leaders of the party in this locality. He cast his first Presidential vote for lion. .lames G. lilaine, and has ardently supported Hepiihlican principles. He has been honored with some pub- lic offices, for two years w.as Chairman of the Town Hoard of Supervisors, was Township Cleik for two terms and has frerjuently been delegate to the  county conventions. His public duties liave ever been discliarged with a promptness and fidelity which have won liini high commendation. Socially Mr. Edwards is connected with the Masonic fra ternity, being Secretary of Ashlar Lodge of Sussex. He is also Secretary of Morris Camp No. 1126 M. W. A. His life has been well and worthily passed and those who know him esteem him higlily for his sterling worth. He and his wife hold an en- vial)le position in social circles and arc numbered among the best citizens of their natrvc county. Mr. Edwards is a member of St. Alban's Church at Sussex, Wis.

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MICHAEL H. PENDEHGAST. One of the young and representative farmers and worthy oflicials of the town of Lisbon is the gentleman whose name heads this biography. He IS a native of Waukeslia County, born Novem- ber 30, 1865. and is a son of Michael and Mary (Eaiinon) Pendergast, who were the parents of nine children, comprising three sons and six daugh- ters. The members of this family are all living save one and are named as follows: Anna is first; Thomas and Michael II. are twins; Thomas is a physician and surgeon of Milwaukee. His primary education w.as obtained in the public schools and supplemented bj' a course in Carroll College. His professional course was pursued in the Chicago Medical College, from which he graduated in the Class of '93. The next is Jennie, who was also educated in Carroll College. She is now employed as a saleslady in Milwaukee. Agnes was educated in the same institution. Kate, Lucy and W'illiam are at home. The latter was a student at Carroll College and at the Northern Indiana Normal School of \'alparaiso, Ind. .Sallie died January 2G, 1881, aged four years. The parents, both of whom are still living, were natives of Ireland. The fatiier came to America in the early days and first located in Wisconsin, buying land in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, where his present home- stead of one hundred and sixt^' acres is situated. What education he received was acquired in the common schools, and when he commenced life for himself he possessed but a small amount of capital. In politics he is a Democrat, and in religion he and his wife are Catholics, holding membership with St. James' Church of Menomonee Township. The gentleman wht)se name appears at the head of this biography was reared to the occupation of a farmer, which he still pursues. He was educated in the public scliools of his town and at Carroll College, where he was a student for three years. After leaving college Mr. Pcndergast taught suc- cessfully in the schools of Waukeslia County for five terms. Mis entire life thus far has been spent in Ids native county and at his old home. Indus- trious and energetic, his life has been a busy, help- ful one. Politically he is a true Democrat, his maiden vote being cast forGrover Cleveland at his second candidacy. lie takes a lively interest in political affairs, and has been chosen b3' his fellow-towns- men to fill the office of Clerk of the District Schools for the last four j'cars, and also is the present in- cumbent. At the spring election of 1894, he v^as again elected Town Clerk, making his fourth term of service, in all of which he discharges the duties devolving upon him in a most satisfactorj' man- ner, and thereby has gained the confidence of the people. He is also Deputy' .Sheriff of Waukesha County, holding that position under .Sheriff Charles Deissner, and served in a like capacity under the administration of Chris Gaynor, the jiredecessor of the present incumbent. Like his parents, Mr. Pendergast is a member of the Catholic Church. A young man of sterling qualities, honorable and upright in business and social relations, he commands the respect of all who know him, and in the coniniunity where his bo^iiood and youth were spent is numbered among the representative young men.

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JOHN TEMPERO has the honor of being one (if the native sons of Waukesha County and is one of her progressive and prominent farmers, living on section 34, Lisbon Town- ship. He was born October 31, 1850, and is a son of Charles and Helen (Runcliman") Tempero. The father was born in Oxfordshire, England, about 1808, anil died in 1881. lie received but a limited education and was early inured to hard labor. With the hope of bettering his linancial condition he came to America in 1842, sailing from Liver- pool to New York, where he arrived after a voy- age of seven weeks. Joining some English friends in Rochester, N. Y., he there remained for about a year, when he came to Waukesha County, which was then a part of Milwaukee County, while the state was yet a territory. He at that time had only l>8, but he was industrious and enterprising; he entered a claim of one hundred and sixty acres of canal land, broke the first half acre with a spade, and continued its cultivation until he was the owner, of a rich and fertile farm. His first home was a log cabin and he did his work with ox-teams. The wheels on his first wagon were cut from ends of logs and a hole bored through the center for *.he axle. Farming was done w^ith an old-fashioned cradle and flail, and though there were many hardships to be borne, those pioneer days were happy ones. In politics Mr. Tempero was a Republican and in religious belief was an Episcopalian, but his wife held membership with the United Presbyterian Church. She was born in Glasgow, Scotland, April 6, 1830, emigrated to America in 1849, and died February 24, 1890. This worthy couple were parents of six chil- dren, three sons and three daughters, four yet liv- ing, namely: John is the subject of this sketch; William, who wedded Mary J. McGill, is a prosper- ous farmer of Lisbon Township; David R., who married Agnes E. Davidson, is a farmer of the same township; and Agnes, wife of William How- ard, resides in Lisbon Township. Under the parental roof John Tempero was reared to manhood and was early inured to the arduous labor of developing a new farm. On at- taining his majoritj" he started out for himself and as a companion and helpmeet on life's jour- ney chose Miss Jane Davidson, daughter of A. L. Davidson, one of the pioneers of Lisbon Town- ship. They were married November 8, 1871, and two children grace their union: Charles J., who acquired a liberal education in Pewaukee, the I'nion School of Waukesha and Carroll College, now aids his father on the farm. Marnie has also ac(iuired a good literary education, having re- ceived her diploma from the district schools. The mother of this family was born in Linlithgow County, Scothind, February 1, 1847, and was only three years old when brouglit by lier parents to America. Mr. and Mrs. Tempero began their domestic life on the old homestead, but after two years entered a farm on section .35, Lisbon Township. They af- terwards returned to section 9, and our subject purchased forty acres of land, upon which he made his liome for nine years. lie then became owner of his present farm of one hundred and sixty acres and thereby contracted an indebted- ness of i}i4,00t); but tiiis has all been liquidated and he is now in comfortable circumstances, pos- sessed of a competence that supplies him with all the necessaries and many of the luxuries of life. In politics Mr. Tempero has been a stanch Re- publican since casting liis first Presidential vote for (ieneral (Irant. Ho has served as Supervisor, but has never sought otiice. He and his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church and are ciiari- table and benevolent people, friends to all good work. Throughout tiie community they are widely and favorably known and in social circles tliey hold an enviable position.

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CHARLES H. BROWN, a representative of \^ y one of the pioneer families of Waukeslia County, and one of its self-made men, now devotes his time and attention to agricultural pursuits on section 14, Lisbon Township. The record of his life is as follows: lie was born in Genesee County, N. Y., December 7, 1841, and is the sixth in a family which numbered seven sons and three daughters. Seven of the number are yet living. The parents were (Jeorge and Cath- erine (Hopkins) Brown. The father was born and reared in England, and in 1841 came to America, locating tirsl in New York, where he spent about five years. He then came to Wisconsin b3' way of the canal and Great Lakes, and when he first saw Milwaukee it was a small village of little import- ance. He settled in Lisbon Township, then a part of Milwaukee County, and his first home was a log cabin with a bark roof and stone chimney. The Indians still visited the neighborhood and there were no highways or public roads, j)eople crossing the country as they found it convenient. Mr. Brown fii-st secured a farm of forty acres, for which he paid l.")0, and upon that farm made his home until Ids death, which occurred at the age of sev- enty-seven. 1 1 is wife passed away when eighty- three years of age. Both were members of the Episcopal Church of Sussex, and in his political views Mr. Brown was a Republican. Charles 11. Brown was a child of four summers when wiih his parcnls he came to the territory of Wisconsin. Amid the wild scenes of the frontier he was reared and was early inured to the arduous lalx)r of developing and cultivating new land. The greater part of his education was obtained in a little log schoolhouse, which was lighted by a long window placed where two logs had been re- moved. The panes of glass were eight by ten in- ches. The door was hung on wooden hinges, the Boor was made of puncheons and the seats were split logs placed upon wooden pins. The birch rod hung above the te.iclier's desk and was an im- l)ortant factor in maintaining order. Mr. Brown attended this .school for about three months dur- ing each year, and during the remainder of the time worked upon the farm, lie continued to give his father the benefit of his services until twenty-two years of age. when he started out in life for himself with a cash capital of $10 and a team of horses. As a companion and helpmeet on life's journey Mr. Brown chose Mar}' M. Greengo, a native of Waukesha County, born July :i, 1840, and a rep- resentiitive of one of the pioneer families of Lis- bon Township. Their wedding was celebrated in the fall of 18f)(), and their union was blessed with three sons and four daughters. Olive M., now de- cea.sed, was born in 1874, was educated in the .Sus- sex schools and possessed decided musical talent. She became the wife of John Leadle^-, of Wauke- sha County, and they have a daughter, Olive M., who is now four years of age and makes her home with ;Mr. and Mrs. Brown. Mrs. Leadley died April 6, 1889. Nellie G. became the wife of Everett B. (ierken, the wedding ceremony being performed May 1, 1894, by Rev. M. Grant of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Charles is a student in the Sussex schools. Nora is at home, and the other members of the family are deceased. In 1867 Mr. Brown removed to his present farm, upon which rested an indebtedness of *2,000, fnit this he h.is liquidated and now has one of the val- uable and desirable places of this locality. The land is highly cultivated and the place well im- proved with the accessories of a model farm. His home is a comfortable residence and he has a large barn 30x70 feet in dimensions, with sixteen foot posts and an eight-foot stone basement. During the past seven winters, in connection with Messrs. Ed- ward Brown, William Medhui-st. Charles Craven, Richard Greengo and William Brown he has op- erated a clover huUer. Mr. Brown cast his first Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, but usually supports the Democ- racy, although he is not strongly partisan. Socially he is connected with Morris Carap No. 1126, M. W. A., and is a member of the Episcopal Cluireli, while his wife belongs to the Methodist Church. He is a liberal supporter of all charitable and benevolent interests and all wortiiy enter- prises find in iiim a friend. He started out in life empty-handed, but by liis own exertions lie stead- ily worked his way upwnrd and may truly be called a self-made man.

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JAMES STONE, who for more than half a century- lias been numbered among the hon- ored and respected citizens of Waukesha County, now resides on section 84, Lisbon Township, where he owns a good farm. He was born in .Sussex County. England, February 11, 181(), and is one of a family of three sons and two daughters, whose parents were James and Maria (Smith) Stone. Four of the children are yet liv- ing: .lames; .Stephen, a prosperous farmer of Lis- bon Town.sliip; Martha, widow of Thomas Lee, a resident of Milwaukee; and Rhoda, wife of IIon_ Richard Weaver, who is represented elsewhere in this work. The father was a Sussex farmer, but in 1840 crossed the briny deep to America and be- came a resident of Lisbon Township, Waukesha County, Wis. His life was well spent, and his honor and integrity won him universal confidence. Both Mr. and Mrs. Stone belonged to the Episco- pal Church. Our subject was reared and educated in Eng- land, and at an early age began to earn his own livelihood and to aid in the support of the family. He remained under the parental roof until his marriage, which was celebrated April 18, 1831), Miss Frances Sisley becoming his wife. To them were born seven children, foiu- sons and three daughters, but only two are living. William A., born in Ohio, December 11, 1841. was married October 13, 1874, to Miss Hannah Bowes, a native of New York, born -June 29, 1851. Her parents were William and Jane (Thompson) Bowes, the : former a native of England and the latter of the Empire State. William Stone and his wife have one daughter, Effic L., who was graduated from the Lisbon schoo's, and has also been well educa- ted in music. She is a member of St. Alban's Parish. The mother is a member of the Episco- pal Church of Sussex. The father is a Democrat in politics and in pursuit of fortune followed farming. All who know him esteem him highl}' for his sterling worth and sli'ict integrity. Eliza- beth, the surviving daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James .Stone, is now the wife of Hirnm Ilindes, a farmer of Empire Prairie, Mo. They have six children, four sons and two daughters. 5Ir. Stone was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife October 27, 1853. She was laid to rest by the side of her four children in Sussex Cemetery, and a beautiful monument has been erected to their memory. For his second wife, Mr. Stone chose JSIrs. Lucy (Fielder) Chester, but she has also passed aw.ay. When Mr. Stone crossed the Atlantic he sailed from London, and after a voyage of about five weeks landed in New York, whence he made his I way on the Erie Canal to Buffalo. He then pro- ! ceeded to Cleveland, where his money gave out, and he left his family in Ohio, while he continued on to Waukesha County. On reaeliing Milwaukee he made in<iuiry concerning the Bonham and Wea- ver settlement, and there s))enl a few days, after which he returned to Cleveland. In 1842, with his wife and family, he came b3' the Lakes to Mil- waukee, and as there was no pier, Mr. Stone made hi; way to land in a little boat. While he was on shore a storm aroscand the sailing-vessel was driven b.ack almost to Racine, and three days elapsed be- ; fore it again reached Milwaukee. Mr. Stone secured a claim of forty acres of canal land in Lisbon Township for twenty shillings per acre, and afterwards bought forty acres of (lov- ernment land at*1.25. His home wasa two roomed j log cabin 18x24 feet in size, with a shake roof and a rough stone chimney. Indians visited the neigh- borhood frequently, and .Mr. Stone h.as seen as many as sixteen deer in his field at one time. In his f.-irm work he used ox teams, and in that way j hauled his produce to market in Milwaukee. As the years liave pasHul, liowever. liis farm of eighty acres lisis become a hij^hly cultivaled tract, sup- plied with all modern improvements and acces- sories. It is pleasantly located a mile and a-lialf from Sussex, and is a valuable place. In liisliome are two silk embroidered pictures more than one hundrud years old, one representing; the infant Moses in the bulrushes, and the other Joseph and Mary on their llight into Egypt. Mr. Stone for some years has served as vestryman in St. Alban's Episcopal Church, and lias lived an honorable, up- right life well worthy of cniLihilion. He may truly be called a self-made man, for his success is due entirely to his own effoits, and now in his declin- ing years, as the result of his enterprise and indus- trv, he has a com])etence which supplies him with all the comforts of life.

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JAMES SALMON, wlio successfully carries on agricultural pursuits on section 12, Lisbon Township, is one of the worthy citizens that the Emerald Isle has furnished to Waukesha County. He has materiality aided in fhe development and growth of this locality, and well deserves representation in its history. He was born in Longford, Ireland, November 25, 1827, and is a son of Michael and Bridget (Doyle) Salmon. Their familj' numbered four sons and four daughters, of whom four are yet living: Janies, of this sketch; Mary A., widow of Ed New- man, of Lisbon Township; Catherine, wife of Mi- chael Keating, who was formerly a farmer .and a grain buyer for the Pabst Brewing Company', of Milwaukee, but is now retired; and Julia. The father was born in County Longford in 1779, and in 1828 came to the United States in a sailing-vessel. He first located in St. Lawrence Coun- ty, N. Y., where he remained for sixteen years en- gaged in .agricultural pur^iuits. In 1841. by way of the St. Lawrence Hiver and the Lakes, he fol- lowed the course of emigration, which was stead- ily drifting westward, and at lengtli reached Mil- waukee. Mr. Salmon purchased one hundred and sixty acres of canal land on section 12, Lisbon Township, now the home of our subject, and at once began its de\elopment, for not a furrow had been turned or an improvement made on the place. He built a lc)g cabin of two rooms, without a floor, and lived in that until he could buy a butler home for himself and family. He cut his grain with the old-fashioned cradle and threshed it with a flad. There was no church or sclioolliouse in this vicinity, and the work of civilization seemed scarcely begun. The parents were both devout members of the Catholic Churth, and were in- terred in the Catholic Cemetery in Menomonec Township. In his political views Mr. Salmon was a Deu)ocrat. Our subject was a child about a j'ear old when he left the land of his birth, and was a young man of seventeen years when he came to Wiscon- sin. He acquired his education in the common schools and remained with his |)arents until after their decease, when the full care and responsi- bilit3' of the family devolved upon liim. He has been an earnest worker, and his i)ersistent efforts and good management have brought him pros- perity. In 1863 Mr. Salmon wedded Kllen Roche, a native of County Wexford, Ireland. To lliem were born four sons and a daughter, and with the exee|ition of one son all are yet living. Henry, who was educated in the I'uion School of Wau- kesha, in connection with his brother .lames, who is the second child, carries on the home farm; Gretta is a teacher of recognized ability, who completed her education by three years' attend- ance at Cnrroll College; Daniel, who died April 28, 18',I2, at the age of twenty-one, w.as a bright student of the .Seminary of St. Francis, in Milwau- kee, and was fitting himself for the i)riesthood. His loss IS deeply mourned, not only by the fam- ily, but by many friends. Richard is now a stu- dent in St. Francis' Academy, of Milwaukee, and possesses good intellectual ability. For live ^-ears Mi'. Salmon resided in Waukesha, but in 1882 returned to the farm where lie now makes his home. He owns ofto hundred and sixty acres of good laud uniler a high state of cultiva- tion and well improved, but has left iLs operation to his son, while he is now living retired, enjoy- ing the rest which he has truly earned and richly deserves. By his ballot he supports the Democ- racy on (juestions of national importance, but at local elections votes indi pcndciitl.\' of party ties. He has been a member of the Town Hoard of Su- pervisors for several terms, was Town Treasurer, and has Ions; been ofliclally connected with the schools of this community, which find in him a warm friend. He is an oHicer and a faithful mem- ber of St. .lames' Catholic Church, and is a public- spiriled and progressive citizen, warmly interested in everything pertaining to the welfare of the community and its upbuilding.

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THOMAS CAMPBELL, who is numbered among the early settlers of Waukesha County of 1857, is so well known that he needs no sjjecial introduction to our readers. Like the blacksmith celebrated in Longfellow's beauti- ful poem, he is very popular with his fellow-towns- men, and we are pleased to present to them the record of his life. He was born in Rosshire, Scot- land, November 17, 1829, and is the fourth in a family of ten children, four sons and six daugh- ters, of whom eight are yet living, namely: Charles, a merchant of Milwaukee; Belle, who is residing on the old homestead in Scotland; Thomas, of this sketch; Ellen, wife of Mr. Murray, a boot and shoe- maker of Edinburg, Scotland; William, a black- smith of Milwaukee; Catherine, wife of Charles Campbell, an agriculturist of Rosshire, Scotland; Donald, a horse-trainer of Edinburg; and Jessie, wife of Thomas Ingalls, a farmer of Empire Prairie, Mo. The parents of this family were Donald and Catherine (Ross) Campbell. Tlie father was born in Rosshire in 1800, and died about 1875. By trade he was a blacksmith. His character w.as that of a benevolent and kindly man, and no needy one was ever turned from his door emptj'-handed. He and his wife were both devout members of the PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 807 Scotch Presbyterian Church, and their entire lives were spent in their native land. With his fatiicr, Thomas Cainpbell learned the blacksmith's trade and lias made it his life work. t)n the 4th of August, 1854, he boarded a sailing- vessel, "Ilindford of (ilasgow," wliieli weighed an- chor at Greenock. After six weeks and three days they reached Toronto, Canada, and with a cash capital of five pounds, Mr. Campbell landed in the New World. He began working at his trade in Forest, Canada, in the shops of the Grand Trunk Railroad for 4>4.") per month, and there spentabout three years. During thai time Mr. Campbell married Miss Louisa Winn, a native of New York, born in Roch- ester in 1837, and a daughter of George and La- vina Winn. She was left an orphan when quite young and was feared b}' an aunt in Canada. On the 13lh of June, IS.OG, she became the wife of Mr. Campbell, and to them has been bom one son, who now aids his father in business. Donald H. was born .lunc 2, IHo'J, was educated in the com- mon schools, and on the 22dof January, J884, was united in marriage with Miss I']lla Simmons, wlio was born in Lisbon Township, and for some years was a successful teaclier in this county. Her parents were Volney and .lane (Kdwards) Simmons. Her father is a boot and slioe maker by trade, and now resides in Antigo, Wis. To Donald Campbell and his wife have been born three daughters, Winifred Zoe, Jean Louise and Mildred Ella. Mr. Camp- bell cast his first Presidential vote for James A. Garfield and is a firm supporter of the Republican party. He is a Royal Arch Mason, also belongs to Morris Camp No. 1126, M. W. A., of Sussex, of which he is Wortliy Advisor, and of the Good Templars Lodge of Sussex, in which he is now serving as Ix)dge Deputy. He and his wife are members of the Kpiscopal Churcii of Sussex and are leading young peo|)le of the community who occupy an enviable position in social circles. On the 18th of .May, 18.')7, Thom.is Campbell and his wife arrived in Port Washington, Ozaukee County, Wis., where for six years he engaged in bhu-ksmithing, doinj? a successful business. In March, 18G3, he took up his residence in the pretty Utile village of Sussex, and again prosperity has attended his efforts, placing him in comfortable circumstances. He has followed his trade since the age of fourteen and is an expert workman, therefore receives a liberal patronage. Mr. Campbell not only votes with the Republi- can party but also does all in his power to pro- mote its growtli and insure its success. He has been elected to several official positions, has been Treasurer of Lisbon Township, and at this writing is serving as Side Supervi-sor. He is a man of good judgment devoted to the best interests of the com- munity, and the people repose in him tiie utmost confidence. Socially he is connected with Lincoln Lodge No. 183, A. F. & A. M., of Menomonee Falls, Wis. He possesses a kindly, generous spirit and is justly- entitled to the high regard in which he is universally held.

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WILLIAM W. BROWN, the subject of this memoir, is a native of the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, and a scion of one of the oldest pioneer families of the county. He was born July 22, 1852, and was the third in a famdy of five children, two sons and tiiiee daugh- ters, whose parents were Robert and Lucretia (West) Brown. There are four members of this family living at the present lime, tiie other three being Robert, a (n'osperous farmer of Lisbon Town- ship; Betsey W. and Lucretia M., both of whom reside in the village of Waukesha. The}' were educated in the public schools, and given instruc- tions in music. Father Brown was a native of Suffolkshire, England, born in 1821, and died at his home in Waukesha County in 1887. His life, till his emigration to America, was spent as a farmer. He was a man of very limited education, but showed remarkable tact and skill in all busi- ness relations, being verj' successful. In 1845 he emigrated to the United States, setting sail from the port of Liverpool, and thirty-six days later landed in New York. He at once came to the town of Lisbon, Waukesha Count}', then known as Milwaukee Count}', and purchased a claim of sixty-seven acres from Mr. Nichols, who had taken up the original claim, which was included in the Canal Grant. The place had some improvements made upon it, and formed the nucleus of the large estate, comprising some four hundred and twenty- five acres, which he owned at the time of his death, besides a beautiful residence in the village of Wau- kesha. The amount of his capital at the time of his coming to Wisconsin was very limited. His first home in the territory was a slab shanty of a very pinmitive character. Otlicially Robert Brown was a man of honor and integrity, and discharged the duties devolving upon him in a satisfactory manner. The cause of education found in him a warm supporter, ofttimes giving his personal means to aid in .securing the most competent instructors. He and his wife were members of the Episcopal Church at Sussex, and gave liberally towards its support. He was known for his benevolence, and did much to elevate the standard of morality and social purity; was large hearted and |)ublic-spirited. He and his wife are interred in the chiircli}ard cemetery at Sussex, where a beautiful monument marks their last rest- ing place. William W. Brown, the gentleman whose name appears at the head of this article, was reared to the life of a fanner. His primary education, which was acquired in the common schools, was supple- mented by an attendance of one year in Carroll College, after which he pursued a course of four years in the University of Wisconsin. He gradu- ated in the Class of '78, as a theoretical and prac- tical farmer. Mr. Brown has been twice married, his first wife was Miss Nellie Parkhurst, a native of the city of St. Louis, and a graduate of the high school of that city. They were married on the IGth of December, 188t), and to them were born four children, of whom the following are living: Clara M., Robert P. and Nellie. After the death of his wife, Mr. Brown married his present vvife, who bore the maiden name of Ele.anor Sedgwick, June 12, 1888. Mrs. Brown is a native of Waukesha County, Wis., and was educated in the Normal at Oshkosh, Wis. Of this union there are two chil dren, Milo S. and an infant daughter. In his political alliliations our subject is a Dem- ocrat. His first Presidential ballot was cast in favor of Hon. Samuel .1. Tilden, the Democratic nominee in 187G. He has taken great interest in the measures adopted by his party, and by his fel- low-townsmen has been chosen to represent their interests in conventions at various times. In 1884 he was selected as a delegate from Waukesha County to attend the State Convention at Madi- son, for the purpose of electing delegates who PORTRAIT AND HIOORAPIIICAL RKCORD. 819 afterward nominated President Cleveland. Mr. Brown received his commission from Postmaster- General \'il!i.s to be Postmaster of Merton, wliicli olliee lie held for ten months, when tlie death of his father enused him to send in his resignation. He takes a personal interest in the welfare f)f the schools of his town, with which he was connected for years in an otticial capacity, and advocates the employment of only competent teachers, the pay- ment of good salaries, and makinj; the school year nine months. Socially Mr. Brown is a nieinlier of Waukesha Lodge No. 37, A. F. it A. M.. and of Wuukehha Chapter No. 37, K. A. M. lie and his wife are members of the Baptist Church of Merton, he be- ing the present Superintendent of the Sunday- school, whicli lias an average attendance of about sixty-live pupils. Mr. Brown is also an advocate of temperance, to which subject he has given not a little time and thought. Mr. and Mrs. Brown reside on the old home- stead of his father, which consists of two hundred acres of good land in the town of Lisbon, and which they now own. They are representative citizens of the county, and are in sympathy with all measures that are calculated to benc-nt man- kind.

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HERMAN G. BUSSE. Tliis wortliy German is one of the leading and successful farm- ers of llie town of Lisbon, whose farm is located on section 36. Mr. Husse is a native of Prussia, Germany, where his birth occurred March 7, 18,57, being the sixtli in a family of seven living children, four sons and three daugh- ters, born to Samuel and Beate (Gronis) Busse. His parents, who were also natives of Prussia, emi- grated to America in 1860. They embarked from the port of Hamburg on board a sailing-vessel bound for New York. Tlie father brought to this country a capital of about |:4,()(I0. Coming direct to Waukesha County, he purchased seventy-three acres of land in the town of Pewaukee, which was his home for some years, then removed to Brook- field, and there died in 1891. Herman, of this biography, received a common school education in both the (icrman and Knglish languages. He remained with his parents until twenty-five years of age, then began life on his own responsibility. Ilis marriage to Miss Mary Frye, a native of Milwaukee County, was celebrated January 11, 188:i. Their union has been blessed by three children, of wiiom two are living, Lillie and Wesley. Alfred, their eldest child, died at the age of six years. Mrs. Busse was educated in both tlie German and English languages. She has been a faithful, loving wife, and a tender mother. Mr. Busse commenced life with a capital of * 1,900. He went to the town of Lisbon, where he bought ninety-four and a-half acres of land, for whicii he went in debt *4,0{)0. However, he lias cancelled that indebtedness, and now owes no man aught but good will. He Is a man who lias worked assiduously, and one whose means have been carefully expended. Mr. Busse is truly classed among the prosperous and energetic young farmers of his town, and is bound to succeed in his calling. Politically our subject is an ardent supporter of Republican principles, his first vote having been given to the lamented James A. Garfield. He has never been an aggressive partisan, though he takes a lively interest in the successes of his party. Mr. Busse has been connected with the public schools of his district as an official for two years, and in the spring of 1894, the people of Lisbon Township elected him to the office of Side-Supervisor. Mr. and Mrs. Busse are members of the (Jerman Evan- gelical Church at Waukesha, Wis., of whicli Rev. Mr. Speicb is pastor. The Busse farm comprises ninety-four and a-half acres on section 36 in the town of Lisbon, and the brick residence which adorns it is one of the sub- stantial homes in the county. The outbuildings are commodious and well built to meet the de- mands of a farmer and stock-raiser.

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JOHN WARD, M. D., is one uf the younger physicians of Waukesha, and has been in prac- tice in that village since July 10, 1892. Dr. Ward is a native of Waukesha County, and was born in the town of Lislion, August 15, 1859. His fatlier, Bartholomew Ward, was one of the pio- neer settlers of this county. He was a native of Kil- dare. Ireland, and emigrated to this country in his youth, locating on a new farm in Lisbon Town- ship, where the remainder of his life was passed. His death occurred on the 9tli of .lune, 1875. The maiden name of his wife was Mary Dohane^y, who was also a native of the Emerald Isle, and like her husband came to America in her youth. The subject of this sketch is one of a family of six children, comprising four brothers and two sisters. The eldest. Dr. Thomas Ward, died on the Utli of February, 1881. He was a graduate of Wisconsin State University and of Chicago Medi- cal College. For a number of years he resided at Long Lake, Fond du Lac County, where his death occurred. He was a successful and well known physician. The second of the family in order of birth was Margaret, who became llie wife of Will- iam Murphy and died in January, 1890. The third in order of birth is Ellen, and the fourth, Martin, who resides in Milwaukee. The next is John P., while the youngest of the mother's chil- dren is Bartholomew, who also claims Milwaukee as his home. The mother died when the Doctor was but three years of age, after which the father re-married. Of the second union four children were born, three daughters and a son, namely: Mary, Christopher, Ann and Catherine. Dr. Ward received his primary education in the public schools, which was supplemented by a course at Carroll College. For some five years he fol- lowed the occupation of teaching, and in the mean- time pursued his medical studies, having access to his brother's library. He matriculated at Chicago Medical College in January, 18H1), graduating in the Class of '92. .Soon after his graduation Dr. Ward located in Waukesha. He is a well edu- cated gentleman and a popular citizen. In his profession he has a liberal and increasing practice. Hi" pleasant rooms are located at No. 331 Broad- way.

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GEORGE MCKERROW, of Lisbon Town- ^^T[ ship, is one of the best known stock breed- ers in Waukesha County, especially in the raising of thorough-bred slieep, in which he has won more than a local reputation. He is a native of this county, born on the 1st of April, 1852, be- ing the only child of Gavin and Elizabeth (How- ill) McKerrow, both of whom came from Scotland. His entire life thus far has been spent in his native county, where he was reared to the occupation of an agriculturist and stock-raiser. His father, who was born in Bonnie Scotland, w.as reared as a far- mer boy, and when but a youth he emigrated to America, locating first in the slate of New York. About 1849 he came to Wisconsin and in the town of Lisbon purchased an eighty-acre tract of par- tially improved land, his home being the old log cabin in which our subject was born. He was not an aggressive man in his political views, but al- lowed every one the same right he claimed for himself, to support such men and measures as his judgment approved. lie and his wife were mem- bers of the United Presbyterian Church of the town of Lisbon. The latter still survives and makes her home in Waukesha County. Mr. McKerrow lost his father when but an in- fant of seven months, and has therefore never known a father's love and care. He received a liberal education in the public schools and Carroll College, after which he taught successfully in the schools of Waukesha Count}' for some sixteen terms, being employed in the village of Sussex five terms. After the death of his father his mother became the wife of William Simpson, who was born and reared in P^ngland. In that country he had been foreman on a stock farm, and his practi- cal methods were imbibed by young George, who at the early age of sixteen began to cultivate his de- sire to become a stock-raiser. His attention was first directed to raising fine horses and slieep, and also to their importation. His first venture was in the line of breeding roadsters, and afterward Perche- rons. In 1872 he brouglit the first thorough-bred Perchcron horse to Waukesha County. He was bred from stock imported from France and bore the name of Le Grande Monarch III. That he w.is a fine animal his record in the books of the Wau- kesha County Agricultural Society fully attests. For some twent}' years Mr. McKerrow was engaged in handling horses. In the meantime he merged into breeding fine sheep; at first Merino, then Cotswold, and sul)se(|uenlly Leicestershire; the last two varieties he imported. All these, however, were discarded for other kinds. In 1881 he began to raise the Oxfords, the Shropshires two years later, and in 1884, started a fiock of South-Downs. The l.'isl three (locks were the first registered sheep of their kind in this county, and among the first in the state. Of his own raising Mr. McKerrow has shipped to almost every stale in the Union, from Maine to California, and from the Dakotas to the Gulf; moreover one lot has been sent to .British Columbi.i. He early commenced to exhibit his sheep at the best state fairs, and has won the hifjh distinction of iiaving tai<en more premium money than any other exhibitor according to the registration in tiie sheep exhibits. He lias taiten iiis (locks to tlie state fairs at Des Moines, St. Louis, Indianapolis, Peoria and Minneapolis. In the great Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 189.3, he was the most successful exhibitor, capturing three-fourths of tlic proniiuiiis :uid sweepstakes in tiie Oxford-Down class, lie lias won three silver cups, one of them being tlie clianii)ion cup offered by the English Oxford-Down Breeding Association for the best exiiihit. He had the ciianipion ram at the World's Fair exhibit, "llcytiirope I'rince 2d," which is the most noted sheep in the world. The London Lire-SOick Journal \n speaking f)f tlie exhibition on that occasion says: "Mr. McKerrow's shearling, 'Heythrope Prince 2d' champion over this year's 'Batli' and 'West' was a revelation — confessedly the best sheep in the ram classes in the yard." Mr. McKerrow refused $750 for this fam- ous animal, this sum being offered by John Tread- well, one of the leading English breeders of Ox- ford-Downs. Our subject has another, "Royal Warwick," which stood next to"IIcytlirope Prince 2d" in competition. He was the champion ram in the English and American sheep exhibits in 1892. The ewe flock is in keeping with these prize-win- ners, having taken more prizes than any other flock of Oxford-Downs in the world. His flock of South-Downs has also carried away more prizes than any other of this kind in the United States, and is headed bj' "Avon Beau," the World's Fair prize-winner. His entire Hock numbers about three hundred registered sheep and is valued al*lU,000. The owner of this valuable stock has won an en- viable reputation, n()t only in America, but Eng- land .as well. On the 2()tli of Septeml)er, 1877, Mr. McKerrow wedded Miss Belle Rogers, a native of Waukesha County, and a descendant of Scotch ancestry. Mr and Mrs. McKerrow have four children, three sons and a daughter. .lennie Belle is at present a stu- dent in. Carroll College, being a member of the Class of '96. (Jeorge Rodgers, the second child. assists in carrying on the farm. William A. and Gavin W. complete the family. The mother of this family was liberally educated in the public schools and in the high school at Brandon, Wis., and a commendable effort is being made to educate the children in like manner. Politically Mr. McKerrow is now a Prohibition- ist, but was formerly a Republican, having cast his maiden vote for R. B. Hayes. He has often been selected to represent the interests of his peoi)le at County and District Conventions, and in 1890 was a candidate on the Prohibition ticket for the odice of Secretary- of State. On his twenty-first birth- day he was elected Town Clerk, serving two terms, and has been a meml)er of theScluiol Board almost continually since reaching his majority. In the improvement of agricultural methods, and in the growing of the best live stock he takes the deepest interest, consequently he has been honored by election to positions in various organizations hav- ing these object.-* in view: was a director of the Waukesha County Agricultural .Society for two terms; Secretary of the Wisconsin Swine Breeding Association for several years; a member of the Committee on Exhibition of the National Live- stock Association ; is President of Waukesha Coun- ty Sheep Breeders' Association; one of the Direc- tors of the American South-Down Breeders Associ- ation; President of the American Oxford-Down Association; also for the p.ast five yeai-s has been one of the conductors of a series of Kami Insti- tutes, and is now Superintendent of the State Far- mers' Institutes, under the direction of the State University. A logical thinker, Mr. McKerrow is a fine con- versationalist, and as a writer is versatile and pleasing. As a correspondent he contributes to the following periodicals: "Breeder's (iazelte," "American Sheep Breeder," "National Stockman," "Livestock Report," "Farm, Fideand Stockman," "Farm, Stock and Home," "Mutton and Wool," "Grange Bulletin" and "Wisconsin Farmer." He is also a fearless and forcible orator, and as an ex- temporaneous speaker is hard to excel. At the dedication (jf the beautiful county court house at Waukesha, March 29, 1H91, the subject, "To the F'armer — the Bone, Muscle and Sinew of all Mateiial Prosperity," was assigned Mr. McKerrow, and by the request of several his speeeli was print- ed in the Wisconsin Free Press. Mr. McKerrow owns two hiiiHJred and forty acres of valuahle land in tl\e town of Lisbon, sit- uated one mile and tliree-fourths from the depot of the Chicago, Milwaukee ct St. Paul Railroad at Pewaukec, and some three miles from the village of Sussex. The pL^ce is finely watered, making of it one of the desirable .stock farms of this section, while the improvements are of the most modern. His capital at the beginning of his career amount- ed to about |50(», which he invested in a horse. Possessed of good business ability and much en- ergy, his progress has been steady and sure. He and his wife are mombers of the United Presby- terian Church, in which he is an Elder, and for the past sixteen years he has been Secretary of the Hoard. l'>oth are active workers in the Sabbath School, of which he was the able Superintendent for a number of years. J'opular and enterprising Mr. McKerrow is esteemed for his true worth, his course ever being such as to win the confidence of all who know him.

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JAMES MOYES, who is numbered among the honored pioneers of Waukesha County, where since 1842 he has made his home, now resides on section 27, Lisbon Township. He h.as witnessed the development and progress which have taken place during the half-century since his arrival, and has ever borne his part in the work of advancement. A native of Scotland, Mr. Mo3'es was born in Perthshire, May 21, 1837, and is a son of John and Elizabeth (Rodgers) Moyes. The fa- ther was born in Perthshire, in 1810, was educated in the common schools and became a weaver of linen and woolen goods. In 1841, he crossed the ocean, went first to Buffalo, N. Y., and thence to Canada, locating about thirty miles from Hamil- ton, where for six mcmths he engaged in teaching school. In July, 1842, he arrived in Milwaukee, and came thence to Lisbon, where his death oc- curred in 1852. His wife also passed away in this county, and they were interred in the Presbyter- ian Cemetery on section 21. It had been the inten- tion of the family to .have sailed from Dundee, Scotland, but the smallpox broke out at that place and tliej' were detained for some weeks in conse- quence thereof. At length they sailed from Glas- gow, and after a voyage of fifty-three days reached New York. Both Mr. and Mrs. Moyes were mem- bers of the Congregational Church. In their fam- ily were two sons and four daughters, of whom James was the fifth in order of birth. Five are yet living, Janet, wife of William Dopp, an agri- culturist of Portage County, Wis.; Margaret, of Monterey, Wis.; Elizabeth, twin sister of Margaret and widow of Edward Smith, of Portage County; James of this sketch, and Mar^-, wife of Amos B. Dopp, a farmer of Monterey. James Moyes was a child of only five summers, when with his parents he came to the territory of Wisconsin. He was reared to the occupation of farming, and during his earlier years followed teaching for a number of terras, but during the greater part of his life has carried on agricultural pursuits. On the death of the father the care of the family devolved upon John and James, then youths of fifteen and tenj'ears respectively. Later he resolved to learn l)lacksmitliing, and worked at that trade for five months, but at the end of that time returned to the farm. When he started out in life for himself he had a capital of only 1300, but he possessed the sturdy perseverance of his race, and his industry and enterprise have brought him success. Mr. Moyes married Miss Mary Sophia Weaver. Their marriage was celebrated August 28, 1862, and their union was blessed with two children, but Alice M., who engaged in dress making, died at PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. 863 the age of twenty-eight; Eva J. is the wife of Jo- seph Marsden, a native of Dane County, Wis., now residing in Lisbon Tovvnshi|). Mrs. Moyes was born in Augusta, Oneida County, N. Y., July 16, 1841, and is a daiisjliter of Stcpiien and Piicube (Mavon) Weaver. I lor fatlicr, who was a native of England, and a blacksniitli by trade, was born .June 25, 1810, and died August (>, 1891, aged eighty-four years. Her mother was born in Delhi, Delaware County, N. Y., March 18, 1818, and died April 10, 1885. Her great-grandfather was a sol- dier in the Wai of the Revolution, and died at the advanced age of one hundred and one. In the familj^ of Stephen and Phaibe Weaver were eight children, of whom four are yet living. Martin, who is married and has three children, is a fanner and wagon maker of C'l.iy County, Iowa; Allison, who is married and has five children, is an agri- culturist of Hrandon, Wis.; Mrs. Moyes is the next younger; James is a carpenter and joiner of Pe- waukee. He married Maria Pratt, a native of Ha- tavia, N. Y. She displays great talent in the use of a pen, and has produced some ver^- fine pieces of penmanship, one of which is in the home of Mrs. Moyes. During the late war, Mr. Moyes responded to the country's call, enlisting August 21, 18G2, in Company F, 'rweuty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry, under Capt. C. C. White and Colonel Lewis. The}' were ordered to Port Washington to quell the draft riot, and after a week returned to Milwau- kee, taking with them about eighty prisoners. A week later tliey were ordered to report to Colum- bus, Ky., and thence went to llickinan, where they captured a few pieces of artillery and destroyed some of the fortifications. Then returning to Col- umbus, they were next ordered to Helena, Ark., where they went into camp. They marched against vSl. Charles, but the rebels had evacuated it. They took part in the battle of Helena, where Company F, of the Twenty-eighth Wisconsin was stationed on the very extreme right in the very thickest of the fight. After discharging different duties they were sent to support the Twent^'-ninth Iowa, and at Ft. Curtis were detailed to carry cannon balls, grape shot and cannister to the troops in order that they might shell the enemy. During that en- gagement they captured many prisoners, and did very effective and valiant service. After that en- gagement Mr. Moyes was taken ill, and forced to remain in the hospital for a time, was not present at the battle of Little Rock. He participated in the battles of .Mt. Kiba, Saline River, and Longview. Two Lieutenants with fifty men of the Fiftli Kan- sas and First Indiana Regiments captured thirty- three wagons and caissons, cut away a pontoon bridge and succeeded in making prisoners of about three hundred and twenty rebel soldiers. Some- time after this the regiment was ordered to Al- giers, op|)Oslte New Orleans, and after cios-'ing the Gulf of Mexico participated in the siege and cap- lure of Spanish Fort, where they were under fire for thirteen days. They then went to reinforce the troops at Ft. HIakely, and after remaining there a day marched b^' night to lielle Rose Land- ing, where they went aboard a transport and pro- ceeded to the west side of Mobile Hay, south of the city of Mobile. Having camped there over night they made a displ.iy inarcii through tiie city with flags and banners fiying, going to a point northwest of Mobile on the Mobile & Ohio Rail- road. Afterward they went up the Tonibigbee River to F't. Mcintosh, where Gen. Dick Taylor surrendered. Mr. Moyes was present at the terri- ble explosion of the magazine in Mobile. Ala., in 1865. The troops were afterward sent to Santi- ago, Tex., and thence marched to the month of Rio (irande River, where they remained a time preventing smuggling and guarding stores, doing Provost Guard duty. At Brownsville, Tex., they were mustered out August 25. 1865, and in .Aladi- son. Wis., on the 22d of Septemlier, our subject was honorably discharged. in early life Mr. Moyes was a Free .Soiler and I Abolitionist, but his first Presidential vole was cast for .Vbiaham Lincoln, and he has since Ijcen a stalwart Republican. He belongs to Sussex Lodge I No. 224, l.O. (). F.,and toTownsend Post No. 192, i G. A. R., of which he has served .as Vice-Com- mander. He still has in his [jossession the old deed to his homestead, dated November 1. 1816, and signed by Gov. Henry Dodge. It conveyed to his father eight}- acres of land, entirely uniin- ) proved. The firel half-acre of laud was broken 864 PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD. with a spade. The first home was a log cabin with tiie chimney built of stone, uiud and stocks. Tlie door was hung upon wooden hinges and the furni- ture wa-s very primitive. Mr. and Mrs. Moyes passed Uirough all the iiardships and trials inci- dent to pioneer life, but are now conifortaMy situ- ated, and a good propel ty now yields to them the necessities and niany of the luxuries of life.

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C "\ «)II.M.\BU'TLER. Sr., one of the old- \/ \ / est settlers of Lisbon Township, now residing on section I, m.ay well be numbered among the founders of the county, for his name is inseparably connecteil with the history of development and progress iu this locality. A native of Yorkshire, England, he was born ,Iuly 2. 182G, and is the third in the family- of five sons and six daughters. The father was born in York- shire about 17i»l, ac(|uired a good education and became an agriculturist. On tiie 1st of M.iv, 1844, accompanied by his family, he saile<1 from Liver- pool on the "Black Ball" and landed at New York on the 31st of May. lie continued his journe}' to the then far west by way of the Hudson River to Albany, Erie Canal to Buffalo, and the (Ireat Lakes to .Milwaukee, where he arrived on the 2()th of June. After prospecting for a short time he secured three forty-acre tracts of land in Lisbon Township, Waukesha County, and thereon made his home until his death. He first lived in a block hou.sc in primitive style and there the town meet- ings were held. A school-house had not as yet been built and the work of progress and civilization seemed scarcely begun. Both Mr. and Mrs. Butler were members of the Episcopal Church of .Sus- sex. His death occurred in 18.56, and his wife, who was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1800, passed away in 1881. They were interred in the Episcopal Cemetery of Sussex, where a monument marks their last resting place. The members of the Butler family \et living are: William, of this sketch; Thomas, a veteran of the late war, now following farming in Delafield Township; Elizabeth, widow of .Samuel Jarvis, of Vermiliim County, 111.; Martha, widow of Ered Bolirman, of Lisbon Township; and .lohn and James, who are agriculturists of Lisbon Township. William Butler was reared in his native land until his eighteenth year and then came with the family to the United States. Pioneer life in Wisconsin was familiar to him, for he went through all its experiences, shared in its pleasures and bore its hardships. He began work as a farm laborer, but made his homo with his parents until his marriage. On the 4th of December, 184'.), he wedded Agnes Davidson, a native of Linlithgow, Scotland. She was born November 12, Ik2.">, and is a daughter of James and .Marian (Lauder) Davidson. Mr. and Mrs. Butler began their domestic life on section 1, Lisbon 'I'ownship, in a little log cabin minus a floor and covered with a shake roof. Mrs. Butler tells on one occasion when it was raining hard and she had to hold an umbrella over the men wlijle they were eating dinner, as the roof was not sufficient protection. She has ever been a faithful cinnpauion and helpmeet to her husband, and in 18()0, while he was cra<lling the grain, she went into the field ;inil raked and bound it for him. In all her married life she has never paid out but *1 for help in hei- household work. They lived in a log cabin f(M' seven years in true pioneer style, but as his financial resources were increased, a more comfortable and commodious residence was erected. Mr. Butler worked early and late, did his plowing with ox teams and his farming with very crude machinery. Twelve children came to bless the home, and all are yet living within eight nidcs of the parents. William married Ellen Ku.'^sell and is a leading fanner of Lisbon Township. . Marian is the wife of Robert Booth, a farmer of the same township. .Sarah is the wife of George Russell, a retired farmer of Sussex, James and Agnes are living on a part of the old homestead. Oeorgiana resides with her parent.-*. John A-, who married Melinda Russell, owns and operates a sawmill in Lisbon Township. Elizabeth is the wife of George Howard, an agriculturist of the same township. An- drew L. works in a sawmill and also operates a thresher. Maggie (J., who attended Carroll College for two years, is a teacher of recognized ability in Waukesha County. Ilattie P. is the wife of George Craven, an agriculturist. Jane E. is the wife of William Russell, a resident farmer of Lisbon Township. .Andrew, who was a student in Carroll College, li.is also taught successfully. Mr. Butler aided in the organization of the first school district in this locality and has been prominently' identified with the development of this region. lie lias aided in the erection of several churches and is recognized as a progressive citizen. He votes with the Republican party and belongs to the Episcopal Church, but his wife holds membership with the Presbyterian Church. They re- side in a beautiful stone residence, situated in the midst of a fine and valuable farm, which has been acquired through the untiring efforts and good management of the gentleman whose name heads this record.

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RICHMOND S. GREENGO, builder of asphalt walks and gravel roofs, of Waukesha, was born in the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, December 8, 1851. He is a son of Jesse and Mary A. (Potter) Greengo, both natives of Kent, England, where they were reared and married, and where they lived until 1841, when they came to the United States. In England the father was a hop dryer, but after coming to this country, engaged in agricultural pursuits, buying a farm in Lisbon Township upon which he still lives, at the advanced age of eighty-nine 3-ears. His wife passed from among the living in 1885, aged sixty-five years. Both husband and wife were devout members of the Episcopal Church. In political sentiment the former supported the measures of the Republican party. In their family there were eleven children, comprising six sons and five daughters, of whom the youngest three were born in the United Slates, and of whom nine are known to be living at this writing. Richmond S., the subject of this article, is the youngest member in the above family. He grew up on his father's farm, and received his education in the country schools. He remained at home un- til the age of twent3'-one years, then went to Chicago, where for two years he was employed as an engineer. In fact he ran an engine for seven years. On the Gth of M.ay, 1875, Mr. Greengo was united in marriage with Miss Mary W., daughter of Henry Raker, and a native of the town of Ottawa. Of this union two daughters have been born, Lilly Belle and Clara Beatrice. Upon his marriage, Mr. Greengo purchased eighty-seven acres of his father's farm and engaged in fanning, residing there until 1888, when he re- moved to Waukesha and began work at his present business. He has laid most of the asphalt walks in the village which aggregate several miles. In his present line of work Mr. Greengo has been very successful. In politics he is a Republican, though he has never cared for official distinction, preferring to devote his time and energies to his personal interests. Socially he is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Mr. and Mrs. Greengo have a comfortable home in the village of Waukesha, which is the result of careful managerial and good in-vestment. He has made his home in this county all his life, and is numbered among the representative citizens.

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TILEY M. CHAMPENY, the genial and gentleman Ij- proprietor of the Sussex Cream- ery, is a native of Waukesha County, born in the town of Lisbon, September .30, 1859. His parents, Edward and Elizabeth R. (Martin) Champeny, were among the early settlers of this part of the county, whither they emigrated from England. His father being engaged in mercantile pursuits, our subject grew up in that business. He acquired his education in the public schools of his native village, to which instruction he has added by observation and contact with the world at large. On reaching manhood his attention was directed to the dair3- business, especially to the manufacture of butter, in which he engaged on his father's farm for some time. About 1887 he became fully convinced that he could make a success of the business, and with that object in view devoted his tmie and energies to it. January .'), 1892, found him breaking ground for the erection of his present establishment, in the operation of which he has been remarkably successful thus far. The mason work on the foundation of the building was begun March LO, and completed about the 1st of May. On the 26tli of the last-named month the plant was ready for and commenced operations. The factory is one of the best equipped in the county, being fitted up with the most modern appliances; the receiving and opera- ting vats are of the latest and best manufacture, and the power which sets in motion the machinery is furnished by a twenty-horse power Ijoilerand a (fifteen-horse power engine. Mr. Champeny has two of the Alpha separators, manufactured in New York, both making the the same number of revolutions to the minute; His larger one has a capacity of four thousand pounds of milk per hour, while for the same time the smaller one separates two thousand pounds. A Fargo Butter Worker, one of the finest used by practical and progressive butter-makers, performs that part of the work. The annual production of the factory has steadily grown; from a beginning of six hundred pounds May 26, 1892, the output of butter amounted to about six thousand pounds up to the 1st of .January, 1893; and from that date to January 1, 1894, for the year 1893, the output was in the neighborhood of one hundred and sixty-two thousand pounds. The running expenses of the plant have been very large, $.5.50 per month, not counting the interest on the investment, but under the existing circumstances, the newness of the business, and the closeness in financial affairs, Mr. Champeny has no reason to complain. By fair and honest treatment of his customers he has won their entire confidence, and his list of patrons is steadily increasing: First, because he is a young man whose integrity and honesty is not questioned; and second, it is the inclination and wish of the people of the town of Lisbon to patronize home industries. In the spring of 1893, Mr. Champeny made arrangements to open a creamery in the town of Menomonee, which began business on the 6tli of August, and is known as No. 2. He has an excellent plant here, which is also furnished with the latest and best improvements. At the time of the opening the list of patrons numbered thirty-one, but at the present growth will, by the end o*' the year, about double that number. The value of the Sussex plant is some 't4,500, while the one in Menomonee Township is worth $3,000. He ships almost his entire product to Milwaukee, where he finds a ready sale. Mr. Champeny commenced the business under rather unfavorable circumstances, but by his pluck and energy h.as pushed onward to success, an<l now owns and operates both of these enterprises. Besides his creamery interests Mr. Champeny owns a well cultivated farm of two hundred and forty acres in the town of Lisbon, on which he carries on general farming and dairying, keeping a herd of fifty cows. In 1887 he erected, at a cost of $3,000, one of the most beautiful residences in the village of Sussex. Mr. Champeny's marriage to Miss Laura Overbaugh was celebrated November 16, 1886. Mrs. Champeny was born in this county on the 19th of March, 1864, and is a daughter of Jacob Overbaugh. She was educated in the public schools and at Appleton, Wis. Mr. and Mrs. Champeny have three children, two sons and one daughter. Two are living, Talbert E. and Hernice A.; the deceased was a little son, Tiley by name. Mr. Champeny- is a warm advocate of temperance, having first exercised his right of franchise in support of St. .John, the Prohibition candidate for the Presidency; later he became identified with the Democratic party with which he still affiliates. In religious belief he is a member of St. Alban's Parish at Sussex. Honorable and upright in all the relations of life, Mr. Champenj-, though a young man, enj03's the esteem of a wide circle of friends and acquaintances.

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ALEX.WOKH HARRIS, a prosperous farmer / — \ of the town of Lisbon, Waukesha County, Wis., is a native citizen, the date of his birth being September 27, 184.'{, and is the young- est in a family of three sons and a daughter. Be- sides Mr. Harris there arc two living, namely: Ellen, the eldest, who became the wife of William Cook, of Waukesha, and Peter, the next, who re- sides in Andover, Mo., where he is engaged at the blacksmith's trade. The parentis, Alexander and Catharine (Small) Harris, were natives of Scot- land; the former was born in Perthshire, in 17'J3, and died in this count}' in April, 1881. In tbe Old Country Alexander Harris, Sr., was a weaver of woolens, and a fisherman in the River Tay. but after coining over the sea engaged in agricultural pursuits. In April, 1841, he and his wife bade adieu to Honnie Scotland and set sail from Dundee for America. On the same vessel came the Rodgers, Small, Watson and Welsh families, all of whom became pioneer settlers of Waukesha County. On arriving at the port of Milwaukee, the passengers were brought ashore by means of "lighters," there being no pier at which to land. The present beautiful cit}' then was but a small village which, to the majority of travelers, lacked some of the most important elements necessary to make a large city, and one of these was the location; the site upon which it was founded was low and swampy, but the progress of a half century has proven the wisdom of its founders. When Mr. and Mrs. Harris landed in Milwaukee their entire financial capital consisted of $15. Continuing their journey to Prairieville, now Waukesha, which at that time contained but a few houses, they went thence direct to the town of Lisbon, where Mr. Harris took a claim of one hundred and sixty acres of wild land. He at once began to clear and develop a farm, among the first things erecting a small log cabin, having a shake roof and a slick, stone and mud chimney. He felled the first tree on his claim, but as he had never performed a like task in his native land, labored at some disadvantage. When the tree, which he had chopped entirely around the base, began to fall, Mr. Harris ran to get out of the way and escaped with a slight brushing. His first grain was cut with the old-fashioned four-fingered cradle, then threshed out with a flail. Indians were frequent visitors at his humble home. When the land came into market Mr. Harris sold one eighty of his claim in order to get sufficient money to pay for the other. Later lie added to his farm, increasing it to ninety-six acres, which he then traded for a tract of one hundred and twenty acres on section 15. In politics he was a Republican, and in religious belief he and his wife were members of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Mr. Harris of this article grew upon his father's farm, dividing his time between labor and the school room. In those days there was such a demand for the assistance of the boys in Improving and cultivating the land, that but little time was devoted to obtaining an education. Like a dutiful son he remained at home, giving his aged father the benefit of his labor until he was thirty-five years old. For a wife he chose Miss Frances Palmer, a native of Dodge County, born October 17, 184!>. Mrs. Harris' parents. King Hiram and Jane (Vanderhoef) Palmer, were both natives of New York. The former, who was a tailor by trade, was born in 1815, and died in 1892. He and his wife came to the west in 1843 and located in the town of Lisbon, going thence to Columbia County, where they resided for a time, then settled in Dodge County, and afterward for thirty years was a resident of Merton Township, Waukesha County. Of their nine children, six sons and three daughters, but four are living in 1894. Mr. and Mrs. Harris were married on the 13th of March, 1872, and have had four children, namely: Elmer A., born May 9, 1874, is studying telegraphy; Vernon F., born January 11, 1877, received a diploma for high standing in the common schools, and is to enter the White Water Normal in the fall of 1894; Katie Maud, born September 7, 1882, is in school; Bert V., born October 21, 1886, is the youngest. All the members of this interesting family are yet under the parental roof. In politics Mr. Harris is an Independent, claiming the right to choose for whom he will vote, irrespective of party. However, his first Presidential vote was cast for President Lincoln. He is not an aggressive man in his political views, ac- cording to all the right to think and vote as their best judgment would dictate. The public school system finds in Mr. and Mrs. Harris loyal supporters, both having served in the capacity of School Treasurer, the latter being the present incumbent. Mrs. Harris is the first and only lady to hold that position in the town of Lisbon. Mr. Harris favors the Methodists, while his wife is a Baptist in religious faith. His father helped to erect the present edifice of the United Presbyterian Church in Lisbon 'I'ownship. Mr. and Mrs. Harris own one hundred and sixty acres of land in the above township, one hundred and twenty of which is under a good state of cultivation. In 1893 they built a neat and tasty addition to their comfortable home, which is located six miles from Pewaukee, and two and a-half miles from Templeton and Sussex.

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MRS. ELIZABETH McGill. One of the kind and motherly old ladies of Lisbon Township is she whose name heads this record. Mrs. McGill is known all over the town as a charitable and benevolent Christian woman, possessed of many excellent traits of character. She is the widow of the late Charles McGill, a pioneer and representative man of Lisbon Township, who was widely known and honored by all. Mrs. McGill is a native of '"Bonnie Scotland," born in September or October, 1818, and was a daughter of Douglas and Mary (Shealer) McGregor. Both father and mother were natives of Wigtownshire, as was our subject. The former, who was reared to the life of a farmer, spent his entire life in Scot- land, but the latter, after the death of her husband, came to America in an early day. She died in Lisbon Township, and was interred in the Sixteen Cemetery, where a stone stands sacred to her mem- ory. They were the parents of ten children, five sons and five daughters, of whom eight are living, and are as follows: John, who is an agriculturist, resides in Newburg, N. Y.; Jessie, who is the widow of John Wolcolt, is a resident of the same place; William, who is a mechanic by trade, lives in Chicago; Jane, who is the wife of William Scott, is also a resident of the World's Fair Cit}'; Gavin, who IS a mechanic, resides in Newburg, N. Y.; Mary, who is the wife of John Mithely, resides in Chicago; Peter, who is also a mechanic by trade, is a resident of Newburg, N. Y.; and Mrs. McGill completes the family. The lad}' who is the subject of this biography, ?vas reared in her native land, where she received a limited education. In 1847 she came .across the Atlantic with her sister Jane, Mrs. Scott. The}' set sail from Liverpool on the "Siddons," and after a voyage of six weeks and two days cast anchor in the harbor of New York. When Mrs. McGill came to the United States she, like many of our Scotch and English people, had but little money, and began working b}' the week. She remained in New York for three years, then came alone to the state of Wisconsin to meet her promised husband. The trip was made up tlie lakes to Milwaukee, where she was met by Mr. McGill. Their marriage was solemnized on the 22d of July, IS.'iO, at the home, which was then a cabin, of John Watson. To them were born a son and two daughters, but the former, William Douglas, alone survives. He super- intends or operates his mother's homestead. He was born October 6, 1858, and was educated in the common schools. His life thus far has been de- voted to farming and stock-raising. In politics he is a Republican, having cast his first vote for James A. Garfield. He has served as Chairman of the Board of Supervisors of the town of Lisbon, and has been connected, in an official capacity, with the public schools a number of times. A representative young man, Mr. McGill is esteemed and respected by all who know him. Charles McGill was a native of Scotland, born in 1818, in Wigtownshire. He was reared to the trade of baker and what education he possessed was of a practical nature. In 18;54 he came to America and direct to Wisconsin, where he entered a claim of one hundred and twenty acres of wild land. Going back to New York, he was there employed till he returned to Wisconsin and began to improve liis claim. The home in which he and his wife began their domestic life was a log cabin, which is still standing. They were here early enough to see the Indians, who gave the 3'oung wife quite a fright, and there was plent3' of wild game in the country. Their grain was cut with a cradle and then threshed with a tlail, two .-irticles that have been succeeded by more modern and l:\l)()r-saving machinery. Mr. McGill was one of the brave boys who wore the blue and went in defense of his country. Kn- listing in Company F. Twenty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry, in August, 1862, he was sent with his company to Helena. Ark., and thence the regiment went to Little Rock, in the same state. lie participated in tlie battle of Helena, Ark., and many skirmislies. While the command was in Pine Bluff, Ark., Mr. McGill was taken sick, and there died, September 4, 1864, in the service of his adopted country. He was a man universally honored and respected by all who knew him. In political affairs he took but little interest, rather giving his time and attention to his private business. He as well as his wife is a member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of the Scotch family. Mrs. McGill is now living a retired life at lisr homestead, which is located two miles from Colgate and four miles from Sussex. Her estate comprises about two hundred acres, sonic of it being marsh land. She is widely known in the town of Lisbon, and her hospitable home is always open to her many friends. Her many acts of kindness and thoughtful care will be remembered by those with whom she has been intimately associated, after she has passed to the world beyond.

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JEREMIAH SMITH, one of the progressive and public spirited citizens of Waukesha County, who now carries on agricultural pursuits on section 16, Lisbon Township, has resided in this locality since the 22d of June, 1849. He was born in Sussex, England, November 5, 1829. His father, Jolin Smith, was born in the same locality, February 22, 1797, and became a mechanic and land surveyor. He acquired a good education and was a man of more tlian ordinary intelligence. He married Sarah Smith, who was born July 24, 1798, and they spent their entire lives in England. The father was called to the home bej'oud October 8, 1870, and his wife died September 14, 1859. The}' had a family of five sons and two daughters, four of whom are now living: Thomas, a mechanic and surve\'or, who is living retired in Sussex, England; Jeremiah, who was the fifth in order of birth; Charles W., who is a surveyor of Sussex, England; and Sarah M., who is the wife of Herbert Baker, an agriculturist and sheep-raiser of East (Uildeford, Sussex, England. In his parents' home Jeremiah Smith spent his first twenty years. He acquired a good education and became familiar with mechanical work and surveying, in 1849 he resolved to seek a home beyond the Atlantic and in the sailing vessel, "Silas Richards," commanded by CaiH. J. Welch, he left London on the 7th of April. On the 25th of May he landed at Castle (Jarden, New York City, with about *10 in his pocket, and the greater part of this w.is spent in paying his expenses to Milwaukee, where he arrived on the 2 1st of June. He there met Mr. and Mrs. George Elliott, who had formerly lived near his home in England. During the first year after his arrival he worked as a farm hand for *l()(l. He suffered from the chills and found it quite difficult to make a start in his new home. In May, 1850, he secured a claim of forty acres of wild land, partially covered with timber, and at once began to clear and improve this. His first home was a board structure l.Sx20 feet in dimensions, built in the midst of a thicket. Oxen were used in clearing his land but at length crops were planted and in course of time the rich soil yielded abundant harvests. An Indian trail crossed his farm and the redmen were frequently seen in the neighborhood. Deer and feathered game was often killed and the unsettled condition of the county made the hardships of pioneer life familiar to our subject. On the 8th of November, 1854, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Smith and Miss Ann Rebecca Weaver, who was born in Augusta, Oneida County, N. Y., January 25, 1835, and was brought by her parents to Wisconsin in 18.'{6. She is one of the oldest residents of the county and has witnessed its entire development from an unbroken wilderness. Her father, John Weaver, was born in England, about 1804, emigrated to the United States in 1828, and died in March, 1881. He was a member of the Episcopal Church. His wife bore the maiden name of Ann M. Warren, but was known throughout this county as Aunt Melinda. She was born in Augusta, N. Y., February 25, 1813, and died October 24, 1886. Her father, Daniel Warren, was a Revolutionary hero and a relative of (General Warren, who won fame at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Mr. and Mrs. Smitgh be- came the parents of ten children, seven sons and three daughters, of whom seven are yet living. Francis A., a farmer of Juneau County, Wis., mar- ried Eliza Long, and they have one son and one daughter; Daniel is a painter by trade; Caroline M., (George H.. William .1., Charles L. and Thomas (). are at home. They were given good educational advantages and were thereby fitted for the practical duties of life. I'lioii tlicii- marriage IMr. and Mrs. Smith located upon their farm in Lisbon Township, and for fort}' years tlie^' have traveled life's journey together, sharing with each other its joys and sorrows, its adversity and prosperity. Their home is situated in the midst of a good farm of sixty acres and this worthy couple are numbered among the best and most highly respected citizens of the community. Mr. .Smith cast his first vote for Franklin Pierce and has since been a stalwart Democrat. He has served as Town Supervisor, for a number of years was Justice of the Peace, for nine years was School Director, has been .School Treasurer, and for the past six years has been Coroner of the county. He was influential in the organization of the Farmer's Fiiv Insurance Company of Lisbon Town- ship, and is a Master Mason, belonging to Ashlar J^odge No. 193, of Sussex, of which he was Secretary for ten years.

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HON. RICHARD WEAVER. One of the best known men in Waukesha County Is tliis sterlinL( Knijli.sli sjentlemaii, who has been one of its honored citizens since 18.37. He is a native of the county of Sussex, England, where his birtii oceiirred August 2.^), 1827, being tlie fourth in a farail}' of sixteen ciiikii-cn, wliose parents were Hon. James and Elizabeth (Fielder) Weaver. Of the eight sons and eigiil daughters comprising lliis family eleven are still living, and arc named .as follows: William is a retired merchant of Sussex; Ricliard i.s the next; .Toiin is a farmer in Oregon; Edward J. pursues the same calling at Cambria, Columbia County, Wis.; Mary is the wife of James Craven, a farmer of Lisbon Township; Emily married Robert Ei'ost, a retired farmer of Sussex; Lucy is living in the same village; Lydia became tiic wife of John Russell, an agriculturist of Cambria, Columbia County; Ann married James Howitt, a farmer of Empire Prairie, Mo.; Alfred S. is an agriculturist and stock-raiser of the town of Lisbon, and Richmond T. is also a resident of the same township. The father of this family, the Hon. James Weaver, was born in the county of Kent, England, October 17, 1800, and died in Lisbon Township, October 8, 1886. In his native land he was reared to the occupation of gardener, and received a good common school education. In 1830, accompanied by his wife and six children, he set sail in the brig "Emma" from the harbor of Rye on the 17lh of April, and after a voyage lasting six weeks, stepped on shore at New York. On reaching Oneida County, where he made a location, he had just enough money to purchase a cow. He at once turned his attention to agri- culture and to growing hops, which at that time was an important industry. In the year 1837, the westward journey was resumed by w.ay of the Erie Canal and the Great Lakes. The vessel on which they came, the "Julia Palmer," landed at Milwaukee on the Hth of June. The magnificent city was then a hamlet, no pier had been constructed, and the passengers were therefore taken ashore on an old scow. As there was no bridge across the Milwaukee River, they were taken over by means of a crude ferry-boat. The principal part of the business w.is done on East and West Water Streets, and what is now the most valuable portion of the city was then a tamarack swamp. Wisconsin had not dreamed of having a railroad, factory or any other great industr.y. Mr. Weaver came on to Lisbon Township, which was then embraced within the limits of Milwaukee County. There were but three log cabins in the town, the one erected by Mr. Weaver being the fourth. It was .as good as any the first settlers liad, but his son, Richard, says that oftentimes when they arose in the morning, two or three inches of snow covered the lloor and bed. The Indians had not 3-et de- parted for their western home; as many as three hundred Winnebago's camped within eighty rods of the Weaver homestead. Churches and schools, the great promoters of civilization, with their elevating and moralizing influences, as yet had not been established. It w.as the happy lot of Mr. Weaver to assist in creating and promoting these institutions. Having secured three hundred and twenty acres of wild land, this pioneer began its development, and in connection with general farming, raised hops from roots wliicli lie had broiiglit with him from the east, thus becoming tiie fouiuler of tiiat industry in this county. Mr. Weaver was a leading and influential man in his community; ho assisted in the organization of the town of Lisljon, in which he held the ollice of Supervisor and others of minor importance. In 18(;.5 he was chosen as Assemblyman from liis dislricl, and lopresented in a satisfactory manner the interests of his constitu- ents. From the time he cast liis first Presidential vote for Andrew .Jackson until the d:iy of his death, he adhered unswervingly to the principles of the Democratic party. He and his wife were devout members of the Episcopal C'liurcli, being pillars in the congregation that woishippc<l in the beautiful stone edilice erected in Sussex. Mr. and Mrs. Weaver were of that ([uiet, unobtrusive dis- position that never lets the right hand know of the good deeds done b\' the left. Tiie subject of this sketch was a lad of ten years when he came to this county. As the educational advantages were so very meager, his scholastic training has been rather an unimportant factor in his successful career. He is a self-educated and self-made man in the truest sense. Possessed of superior ability, and of that grit and determina- tion characteristic of the Knglish i)eople, he has made his course in life a scries of triumphs. Reared on his father's farm he became thoroughly conver- sant with agriculture and the hop business, and from these has largely come his wealth. At the age of twenty-one Mr. Weaver began business on his own responsibility, his first venture being the purchase of sixt3' acres of wild land, for which he went in debt. At tlie end of three years every dollar hail been paid, and as the possessor of that farm, unincumbered, he felt richer than he has since felt. In IHCO, in company with Ins fa- ther, he began dealing in hops, the partnership continuing three years, when the latter disposed of his interests to his son, William, the firm becoming 1\. Weaver A: 15ro. Their operations were carried on so extensively that they became well known throughout the northwest. Their father had planted the tirst hill of lK)ps in .luue, l.S.'!7, and sold the product of that planting al-'sl per i)ound; from this small beginning the business increased until in 1RS2 it reached .almost $600,000. One check given by the Weaver brothers, on the 17th of November of that year, and drawn on the ''old reliable" Waukesha National Bank, called for%2."),- 607. .51. These gentlemen are recognized as lead- ing financiers in the count}-. In 187!) Mr. Weaver of this sketch, accompanied by his wife, went to the I'acilic Slope, visiting San Francisco, Oakland, Sacramento, Pl.acerville, the mining camps, Port- land, Salem, Eugene ('ity, and making a trip the entire length of the Willamette ^'alley. The object of the lri|) w.as to |nirchase hops. Mr. Weaver bought some fifteen car loads at a cost of i5*28,0()(), being the tirst to ship from that .section direct to the breweries at Milwaukee. In addition to liis possessions in Wisconsin, Mr. Weaver is lafgely interested in real estate in Mis- souri. His home farm in the town of Lisbon consists of one hundred and sixty acres, besides he owns twenty-two acres in Menomonee Township. He is a large stockholder, and is \' ice-President of the Waukesha National Bank, one of the solid financial institutions in the state. Managed by capable business men, this bank passed through the great panic of 1893 unscathed. In company with A. .1. Frame he is largely interested in the New Park Hotel at Sault de Ste. Marie, Mich., which is a magnificent structure, having a dining room with a seating capacity for one hundred and twenty-live guests. This property is owned \t\ an incorporated company, of which Mr. Weaver is President. It is no secret that this gentleman is one of the wealthiest men of the count.y, and this notwithstanding the fact that he began life ^100 in debt. He has sold many a bushel of wheat for fifty cents, and has performed many a day's work for an equal amount. But his time has not been given wholly to personal affairs, indeed he has been a very useful member of society. Both he and his wife are faithful workers in St. Alban's Episcopal Church of Sussex, in which he is also Treasurer and Vestryman. The Weavers, along with a few other good English people who settled in the vicinity, have not only built and kept up the churcli, but also Sussex, which is a typical English village. Our subject has ever given the public schools his hearty assistance, in truth he has favored everything that promised to be helpful to the coiniminity. In a marked degree has Mr. Weaver enjoyed the confidence and consideration of his fellow-citizens, as is shown by the number of positions of honor and trust tliey liave cliosen him to (ill. For several terms he lias served his town as Chairman, was As- seniMynian in 1.S78, and State Senator in 1879-80. In every ollicial capacity his aim was to promote the best interests of the [)eople. Mr. Weaver has been a life-long Democrat, though his (irst Presidential vote was cast for Zachary Taylor. On the 22(1 of November, 1818, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Weaver and Miss Rhoda Stone, a native of Sussex County, England. Mrs. Weav- er was born in the same house .is her husband, which was an old style double house. Two chil- dren were born of this union, Serena .1., wife of D. P. Topping, and Rhoda M., who died at the age of sixteen years. Mr. Topping was born February 9, 1812, in .Schoharie County, N. Y., and on the 24th of December, 18()8, occurred his marriage to Miss Weaver. They have two children, Nellie R. and Estella May, ))oth of whom liave received a literary and musical education. The former completed her schooling at the public schools in Waukesha, and the latter at Carroll College, where she was a stu<lent for three years. The mother of these children was a native of the town of Lisbon, born May l.'J, 18.50. For forty-two 3'ears Mr. Top- ping has been a resident of Wisconsin. His life has been spent in mercantile pursuits, first in Del- ton, Sauk County, then in Kilbourn City, Colum- bia County, and since 1870 he has carried on the same business in Sussex. He handles a good stock of general merchandise, and is doing a prosperous business, tlie volume of which amounts yearly- to about $7,000. By courteous treatment of his cus- tomers he has won their esteem and patronage. Mr. Topping cast his maiden vote for (George R. McClellan, and has since atliliated with the Democratic party. During Cleveland's first administration he was appointed Postmaster at Sussex. So-cially, he belongs to Lincoln Lodge No. 183, A. F. & A. M., of Menomonee Falls, and in religious faith he and his wife are Episcopalians. For over fifty-seven years Mr. Weaver has been a resident of Waukesha County, and Mrs. Weaver has made this her home since she was a girl of thirteen; they have therefore witnessed the development of this county from a wilderness to one of the finest in the state. It is with a feeling of pride and satisfaction that Mr. Weaver can look back upon his career, which was begun as a poor boy and li.as terminated in afHuence. His course in life has been marked throughout b^' fairness, justice and honest business methods. At a reunion of the Weaver famil3', held on the 16th of October, 1875, to commemorate the birth- day of Hon. James Weaver, some reminiscences were given that may prove of interest to friends and relatives of the family. His birthday occurred on the 17th, but as that came on Sunday', Saturday was selected as a more suitable time. There were over one hundred and fifty guests assembled at the residence of William Weaver. Sr., just south of the pretty little village of Sussex, where temporary tables had been prepared to accommodate the large gathering of the descendants of the Weaver fam- ily. The historical narrative of the Weaver family was prepared by Stephen Weaver, Esq., and read by the Rev. Dr. Wright. William Weaver, the father of the Hon. James Weaver, was born in Tenterdcn, county of Kent, England, January 5, 1767, and died on the 3d of July, 1815. All of the children, with the exception of two, Stephen and Thomas, were born in Old Romney, Kent County. Of the entire Weaver family at that date, there were two hundred and twenty-seven members, and of that number there were yet living one hundred and eight3'-four. This was the most notable family reunion ever held in Waukesha County. After due ceremony, the Hon. James Weaver made some suitable and fitting remarks upon the auspicious occasion, in which he expressed his heartfelt thanks to Almighty God for the be- nelicenlcarc that had been exercised over himself and family all these .years. Hon. Thomas Weaver made an eloquent address, and was followed by the Hon. Richard Weaver of this biography as follows: "To the reunion of the Weaver family, greeting. Little, at the time when the four brothers and one sister with their aged father set out on the brig  "Emma," did they expect to see the great change that time has wrought. Neither did they stop to think, but left their Fatherland to better their circumstances if possible for themselves and their families, and on landing on the shores of America, in the slate of New York, by industry and frugal- ity, they accumulated small sums, with which they emigrated to the territory of Wisconsin. Here, after very many hardships and with energy and perseverance, all have made for themselves and families good comfortable homes, and nearly all have lived to see perhaps as great improvements and changes as an}' one generation can expect to see, for on arriving in Wisconsin livit little could be seen save the dense forest, with its large oaks and tall pines, with here and there a large prairie and its wild grass, with but few exceptions, inhabited by wild bands of Indians and tiieir ponies. To-day what do we see where the forest stood and prairie laid.' The highly cultivated fields with fine buildings in the |)lace of the log huts and the Indian wigwam. And to-day we have seen the table covered with the good things of earth, in place of the corn meal and pigeon stew; more tlian that we have seen the once small town of Milwaukee grow to be one of the most beautiful cities of the land; have seen the lirst railroad built, and the steam horse, putting through our forests and across tlie prairies, to-day stretching her lines into almost every nook and corner of the state. Again, look at the wonderful art of telegraphy by which we can in a few moments communicate with our Fatherland. Last, but not least with us, we have seen every house built in our pleasant little village of Sussex, and have nearly every one of us helped to build a standing monument, the church, for future generations, as well as for ourselves. Hop- ing that the present and future generations ma}' still work together in unity and love, and carry forward every good work, marked out by an aged father here, and for our welfare hereafter." Mr. Weaver w.as followed by other speakers on this memorable occasion, namely: Martin Weaver, Jere- miah Smith, George Elliott and Alison Weaver. The whole affair was well conceived and passed ofif most |)leasantl3' •'^"'1 happily. One of the noted social events in Sussex was the celebration of the silver wedding of Hon. Richard Weaver and wife, on the 22d of November, 1873, at which his father presented them with a beauti- ful silver piece, and accompanied it with the following words: "This present is a token of love from j-our Father Weaver to Rhoda. Hoping that you may live together as many more years as hap- pily, and enjoy yourselves as in the years past, is the wish of your affectionate father." Mr. Richard Weaver responded in a few happy remarks, "Our father, brothers and sisters, it is with pleasure that we meet you all here to-night to commemorate an event which look place twenty-five years ago. Richard and Rhoda, having made up their minds to join in the holy bonds of wedlock, started from the house of the late .James Stone to our parish church, where the knot was lied by the Rev. N. C. Armstrong, one of the first graduates of Nashotah (the first couple he married). Back we trudged on foot to partake of the wedding sup- per awaiting us. The next day we went to the house of Hon. .lames Weaver for our wedding trip, which consisted of one day, as that was all we could afford, as it was Richard to the plow and Rhoda to the cows." During that quarter of a century many changes have been wrought: Richard has given the plow over to younger hands, and Rhoda sends a substitute to look after the cows, while in their beautiful home at Sussex they are enjoying the comforts gained by years of toil. Mr. Weaver is known in his community as a ready and pleasing speaker. At the golden wed- ding of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Cooling on Christmas eve, 1892, he was called upon to make a speech, and responded thus: "Mr. and Mrs. Cooling, 1 ex- tend to you many happy returns of this day. For a half-century you have met the duties and shared the trials of life's uneven ways with love to each other, and a faith thai looked to a bright here- after. This half-century leaves him, at seventy- three, as erect in form as when he led her to the altar, and his step is more elastic than that of half of the men at fifty. She too is active and with mind undimmed. It has been my lot to live as neighbor with you for about forty-four years, sharing your J03's and sorrows. While we have passed many happy hours together, when sickness and death have entered my household I have al- ways found you ready and willing to extend a helping hand and a sympathizing heart. hoping your remaining years will be as happy and pleas- ant as falls to the common lot of man, and that you may attain the good for which we are all striving, 'May joy your home surrounding, Keep care and gloom away; And all good gifts abounding, Make glad this golden wedding-day.' " At the 0|wning of the Milwaukee, Menomonee Falls A: Western Railroad, on the 2;tth of April, 18'.)0, n large gathering of citizens celebrated the event at Sussex. After enjoying excellent dinner served by the ladies at the Town Hall, speeches were made by Hon. Richard Weaver, Rev. Mr. Burleson, A. .]. Frame, John Ross and Messrs. Had field. The same gentlemen had been present in Waukesha at the opening of the first railway in Wisconsin, in 18.')1. 'Mr. Weaver was one of the leading financial promoters of the road to Sussex, and b^- his special invitation all the assembled guests took a ride to Menomonee Falls and back. There is not a better known citizen in Waukesha County than Hon. Richard Weaver. Self-made and self-educated, he stands without a superior in this section as a man of moral worth and as a financier.

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